Clann Somhairle

Clann Somhairle
House of Somerled
Founder Somerled
Current head Godfrey James Macdonald of Macdonald

Clann Somhairle (English: /ˌklæn ˈsɔrli/) refers to those Scottish and Irish dynasties descending from the famous Norse-Gaelic leader Somerled, King of Mann and the Isles. Primarily they are the Clan Donald, formerly known as the Lord of the Isles, and the mainland Clan MacDougall, and all their numerous branches. Clan Macruari are their lost sept.

According to the Clan Donald DNA Project, Somerled was almost certainly of paternal Norwegian ancestry,[1] but his dynasty claimed Gaelic ancestry and a descent from the legendary Colla Uais and Conn of the Hundred Battles. Clan Donald chiefs have so far tested positive for a Norwegian variety of Haplogroup R1a (Y-DNA), but more MacDougalls currently need to be tested before a non-paternity event (NPE) can be completely ruled out.

Alex Woolf attempts to reconstruct a descent from the Crovan dynasty and the Uí Ímair for the Clann Somhairle, but concedes this may only be through the female line,[2] the scenario most widely known and uncontested. In any case, Woolf believes the Clann Somhairle appear to have based their claim to the Isles on this descent. Sir Iain Moncreiffe attempted to reconstruct a male line descent from Echmarcach mac Ragnaill himself to Somerled,[3] but this has received little attention. More recently it has been suggested by Richard Oram that Somerled may actually have been a male line descendant of the Jarl Gilli,[4] whose lineage apart from being Norse is uncertain.

See also


  1. ^ Clan Donald DNA Project
  2. ^ Alex Woolf, The origins and ancestry of Somerled: Gofraid mac Fergusa and 'The Annals of the Four Masters', Medieval Scandinavia 15 (2005)
  3. ^ Iain Moncreiffe, The Highland Clans: the dynastic origins, chiefs and background of the Clans connected with Highland history and of some other families. Clarkson N. Potter. Revised edition, 1982. p. 56.
  4. ^ Richard Oram, The Lordship of Galloway. John Donald. 2000. p. 53

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См. также в других словарях:

  • Kingdom of the Isles — Location of the Kingdom of Mann and the Isles in the twelfth century The Kingdom of the Isles comprised the Hebrides, the islands of the Firth of Clyde and the Isle of Man from the 9th to the 13th centuries AD. The islands were known to the Norse …   Wikipedia

  • Clan Donald — Crest badge …   Wikipedia

  • Clan MacDougall — Crest badge …   Wikipedia

  • Olaf I Godredsson — For other people named Olaf Godredsson, see Olaf Godredsson (disambiguation). Olaf Godredsson King of Mann and the Isles Gaelic Amlaíb mac Gofraid Old Norse Óláfr Guðrøðarson Died 1153 …   Wikipedia

  • Amlaíb Cuarán — A coin minted at York in the early 940s, the obverse (right) face shows a triquetra and the legend ANLAF CVNVNCC (King Anlaf, the Old English form of Amlaíb /Óláfr), the reverse (left) face shows a banner, perhaps the Raven banner and the name of …   Wikipedia

  • Donnchadh of Argyll — (Duncan of Argyll) Born before 1175 Died Between 1244 and 1248 Other names Donnchad mac Dubgaill Donnchadh of Lorne Title Lord of Argyll, Lord of Lorne …   Wikipedia

  • Dubgall mac Somairle — (Modern Dubhghall mac Somhairle; Anglicized: Dugald or Dougal, Somerled s son ) was a 12th century Scottish nobleman. The son of Somairle mac Gille Brigte, regulus of Argyll, Dubgall is the eponymous progenitor of Clan MacDougall (Clann… …   Wikipedia

  • Crovan dynasty — The division between the lands of the Crovan dynasty and Clann Somhairle, in about 1200. The Crovan dynasty, from the late 11th century to the mid 13th century, was the ruling family of an insular kingdom known variously in secondary sources as… …   Wikipedia

  • Clan MacDougall — Crest badge des members du Clan MacDougall Le clan MacDougall est un clan écossais des Highlands formé par les descendants de Dugald, fils de Somerled, qui gouverne Lorne et l’Île de Mull en Argyll au XIIIe siècle et …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Diarmait mac Maíl na mBó — King of Leinster, King of Ireland with opposition Died 7 February 1072 Place of death Odba (near Navan, County Meath) Predecessor Murchad mac Dúnlainge …   Wikipedia

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