- Civil parishes in Scotland
In Scotland, parishes, as units of local government, were abolished by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1929. The geographical area is sometimes still referred to, however, for statistical purposes. (See List of civil parishes in Scotland). A new system of communities was created by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 but, unlike in parish councils in England and community councils in Wales, Scottish community councils have no statutory powers, although in some cases local councils have a legal obligation to include them in consultation exercises.
Civil parishes in Scotland can be dated from 1845, when parochial boards were established to administer the poor law. While they originally corresponded to the parishes of the Church of Scotland, the number and boundaries of parishes soon diverged. Where a parish contained a burgh, a separate landward parish was formed for the portion outside the town. Until 1891 many parishes lay in more than one county. In that year, under the terms of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889, the boundaries of most of the civil parishes and counties were realigned so that each parish was wholly within a single county. In 1894 the parochial boards were replaced by more democratically elected parish councils. These were in turn abolished in 1930, under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1929. Although civil parishes have had no administrative role since that date, they have continued to exist. They were used to define some of the local authorities created by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973, they continue to be used for census purposes and they are used as part of the coding system for agricultural holdings under the Integrated Administration and Control System (IACS) used to administer schemes within the Common Agricultural Policy. According to the website of the General Register Office for Scotland, there are now 871 civil parishes.
Since 1975, Scotland has had bodies called community councils, but Scottish community councils are not equivalent to English parish councils and Welsh community councils, and have no real powers. Some of the community council areas are defined in terms of civil parishes.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
List of civil parishes in Scotland — This is a list of the 871 civil parishes in Scotland. From 1845 to 1930, parishes formed part of the local government system of Scotland: having parochial boards from 1845 to 1894, and parish councils from 1894 until 1930.The parishes, which had… … Wikipedia
Civil parishes in England — Civil parish redirects here. For civil parishes in other countries, see Civil parish (disambiguation). Civil parish (England) Category Parish Location England Found in Districts Created by Various, see text Created … Wikipedia
Civil parishes in Ireland — The parish was once an ecclesiastical unit of territory based on early Christian and monastic settlements. It came into existence in Ireland in the 12th and 13th centuries and was continued by the Church of Ireland, the Established church, from… … Wikipedia
List of civil parishes in England — This is a list of civil parishes in England split by ceremonial county. The civil parish is the smallest level of local government.* Bedfordshire * Berkshire * Buckinghamshire * Cambridgeshire * Cheshire * Cornwall * Cumbria * Derbyshire * Devon… … Wikipedia
Civil parish (disambiguation) — Civil parish is an administrative division in England, the lowest tier of local government. Civil parish may also refer to Civil parishes in Ireland, territorial units in Ireland and Northern Ireland, which though not abolished are essentially… … Wikipedia
Civil parish — A civil parish in the United Kingdom is a unit of local government. The civil parish has its origins in the system of ecclesiastical parishes, but civil parishes have often deviated from the latter s borders as time has progressed. The use of… … Wikipedia
Civil parish — Civil parishes (engl. „Gemeinden“) sind nach den Grafschaften (Countys) und Bezirken (Districts bzw. Boroughs) die unterste Verwaltungseinheit im Vereinigten Königreich sowie in Irland. Sie haben ihren Ursprung von den Kirchengemeinden aus der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Scotland — /skot leuhnd/, n. a division of the United Kingdom in the N part of Great Britain. 5,205,000; 30,412 sq. mi. (78,772 sq. km). Cap.: Edinburgh. * * * I Northernmost country of the United Kingdom. Area: 30,421 sq mi (78,789 sq km). Population… … Universalium
Outline of Scotland — Flag o … Wikipedia
Subdivisions of Scotland — Scotland This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Scotland … Wikipedia