- Hwando Mountain Fortress
Hwando Mountain Fortress Ruins of a Hwando watchtower Chinese name Chinese 丸都山城 Transcriptions Mandarin - Hanyu Pinyin Wándū Shān Chéng - Wade–Giles Wan-Tu Shan Ch`eng Korean name Hangul 환도산성 Hanja 丸都山城 Transcriptions - Revised
Hwando San Seong - McCune-
Hwando San Sŏng
Hwando Mountain Fortress, also known as Wandu Mountain City, along with Gungnae Fortress, served as the second capital of the Korean kingdom Goguryeo (Hangul: 고구려, Hanja: 高句麗). The remains of this city are a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in 2.5 kilometers to the west of Ji'an, Jilin, China.
- "On October of the 22nd year (of Yuri of Goguryeo), the Yuri King moved the capital to Gungnae Fortress, and built the Wina Rock fortress". Since the 1st year of Yuri of Goguryeo is 19 BC, the 22nd year is 3 AD. Gungnae Fortress was a fortress on Yalu River's plain, while "Wina Rocks fortress" ((Hangul: 위나암성, Hanja: 尉那巖城) was a fortified city in the mountain which was later renamed to Hwando,(丸都) by Sansang of Goguryeo.
- "On February of the 2nd year (of Sansang of Goguryeo), Hwando City was built". "On October (of the 13th year of Sansang of Goguryeo), the Sansang King moved the capital to Hwando".). Since the 1st year of Sansang of Goguryeo is 197 AD, the 2nd year is 198 and the 13th year is 209.
- Capital Cities and Tombs of the Ancient Koguryo Kingdom
- Gungnae Fortress
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Wandu Mountain City — Chinese c=丸都山城 p=Wándū Shān Chéng w=Wan Tu Shan Ch eng hanja=丸都山城 hangul=환도산성 rr=Hwando San Seong mr=Hwando San SŏngWandu Mountain City (Chinese: ) (Korean transliteration Hwando Mountain Fortress), along with Gungnae seong(Guonei), served as the … Wikipedia
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