City Hall Square, Copenhagen


City Hall Square, Copenhagen
Rådhuspladsen with Palace Hotel and the City hall

The City Hall Square (Danish: Rådhuspladsen) is a public square in the centre of Copenhagen, Denmark, located in front of the Copenhagen City Hall. Due to its large size, its central location and its affiliation with the city hall, it is a popular venue for a variety of events, celebrations and demonstrations. It is often used as a central datum for measuring distances from Copenhagen.

The City Hall Square is located at the south-western end of the pedestrian street Strøget which connects it to Kongens Nytorv, the other large square of the city centre, passing Gammeltorv/Nytorv and Amagertorv along the way. Opposite Strøget, Vesterbrogade extends into the Vesterbro district and later crosses the border to Frederiksberg. H. C. Andersens Boulevard, copenhagen's most heavily trafficated street, and Vester Voldgade pass the square on each there side of the city hall.

Apart from the City Hall, notable buildings around the square include Politikens Hus, the headquarters of national daily newspaper Politiken, and Industriens Hus, the headquarters of the DI.

Contents

History

Haymarket and exhibition area

The maymarket in 1809. Painting by C. W. Eckersberg

The City Hall Square is located at the site of Copenhagen's old haymarket and the [[Vesterport|Western City Gate with surrounding fortifications.[1]

When the fortifications were disbanded in the 1850s, it was decided to use the vacant land for an exhibition area which played host to first the Nordic Exhibition of 1872 and later the [[Nordic Exhibition of 1888.[1]

Detail from map showing the site in 1837

Vilhelm Klein designed an exhibition building for the first exhibition which was built at the corner of Vesterbro Passage which was built from 1870 to 1872. The four-winged, two-storey building was built in red brick to a design which was inspired by Italian Renaissance architecture. In 1879 the centre of the complex was re-nuilt into a large domed exhibition hall.

Nyrop's domed exhibition building from 1889

On 1 January 1888 the haumarket moved to a new location outside Jødbyen, the new cattle and meat market which had opened in 1878. The site is still named Halmtorvet after it. The main venue of the Nordic Exhibition of 1888 was a large timber structure topped by a huge dome with a flag pole at its top. Its architect was the young and unknown Martin Nyrop who was later also to design the new city hall

The new city hall and its square

In the 1880s plans were conceived to build a new city hall on the grounds and in 1888 the expo area was cleared and an architecture competition was held in early 1889. Apart from Nyrop who won the competition, Vilhelm Dahlerup and Valdemar Koch were among the participating architects.[1]

On 28 July 1894, the foundation stone was laid and when it was inaugurated in 1905, the square in front of it became one of the most central and important spaces of the city.

Sculptory

The Wheather Girl with her bicycle
  • The Dragon Fountain (Danish: Dragespringvandet), depicting a bull and a dragon in combat. Designed by Thorvald Bindesbøll and Joakim Skovgaard and inaugurated in 1904.
  • The Weather Girl (Danish: vejrpigen), Perched high on the Richs building on the corner of Rådhuspladsen and Vesterbrogade, the golden weather girl is a guilded sculpture group, telling the weather. One sculpture rotates to the front, depicting the girl with her bicycle. When the weather is set for rain, another sculpture rotates to the front, depicting her with an umbrella walking her dog. The sculpture group is from 1936 and designed by Einar Utzon-Frank.[2]
  • The Lur Blowers, a bronze depicting two lur blowers standing atop a columnn on tiles. Standing 20 metres tall, it was created 1911-13 by Siegfried Wagner.
  • Hans Christian Andersen sculpture

Use

It is often a venue for demonstrations and buskers, and several bars and nightclubs are located in the near vicinity. Rådhuspladsen also houses one of the city's bus centrals.

Trivia

See also

  • Vester Voldgade
  • Hotel Bristol (Copenhagen)

References

Coordinates: 55°40′33″N 12°34′9″E / 55.67583°N 12.56917°E / 55.67583; 12.56917


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Copenhagen City Hall — on the City Hall Square General information Architectural style National Romantic style …   Wikipedia

  • The Square Copenhagen (Copenhagen) — The Square Copenhagen country: Denmark, city: Copenhagen (City Centre) The Square Copenhagen Location On Town Hall Square in the very centre of Copenhagen, The Square resides in a prime location.Central Station is only a few minutes walking… …   International hotels

  • Copenhagen Central Fire Station — General information Architectural style Historicism Town or city …   Wikipedia

  • Copenhagen — This article is about the city in Denmark. For other uses, see Copenhagen (disambiguation). Copenhagen København Clockwise: Slotsholmen island, Tivoli Gardens, City Hall Square and The Marble Church …   Wikipedia

  • Copenhagen Fire of 1728 — Buildings which burned are shown in yellow on this map of Copenhagen in 1728 by Joachim Hassing. The Copenhagen Fire of 1728 was the largest fire in the history of Copenhagen, Denmark. It began on the evening of October 20, 1728, and continued to …   Wikipedia

  • City Circle Line — For the railway line in Sydney, see City Circle. The City Circle Line (Danish: Cityringen) is a future expansion of the Copenhagen Metro. Plans for its construction were approved by the Danish Parliament on 1 June 2007.[1] Preferred bidders were… …   Wikipedia

  • Copenhagen Carnival — Dancers at Copenhagen Carnival 2009 Copenhagen Carnival is an annual carnival event taking place in Fælledparken and on the streets of Copenhagen, Denmark for three days (Friday Sunday) during the Whitsun Holiday. Over the years it has developed… …   Wikipedia

  • Copenhagen Hotel 27 (Copenhagen) — Copenhagen Hotel 27 country: Denmark, city: Copenhagen (City Centre) Copenhagen Hotel 27 Situated in an ideal location, Copenhagen Hotel 27, comfortable and well maintained, is a great property for the budget traveller and short stay… …   International hotels

  • Copenhagen — /koh peuhn hay geuhn, hah , koh peuhn hay , hah /, n. a seaport in and the capital of Denmark, on the E coast of Zealand. 802,391; with suburbs, 1,380,204. Danish, København. * * * Danish København Capital and largest city (pop., 2001: city,… …   Universalium

  • Copenhagen Fire of 1795 — The Copenhagen Fire of 1795 started Friday the June 5, around 3 p.m. at the Navy’s old base at Gammelholm in the fleets warehouse for coal and barrels. The fire spread, crossing over Holmens Canal to the quarter around Saint Nicholas Church and… …   Wikipedia