- Kafue National Park
Infobox_protected_area | name = Kafue National Park
iucn_category = II
area = 22,400 km²
established = 1924
Kafue National Park is the largest
national parkin Zambia, covering an area of about 22,400 km² (similar in size to Walesor Massachusetts). It is the second largest park in Africa and is home to over 55 different species of animals.
The park is named for the
Kafue River. It stretches over three provinces: North Western, Central and Southern. The main access is via the Great West Road from Lusakato Monguwhich crosses the park north of its centre. Seasonal dirt roads also link from Kalomoand Namwalain the south and south-east, and Kasempain the north.
Kafue National Park was established in 1924 after the British colonial government moved the traditional owners of the area, the
Nkoyapeople of (King) Mwene Kabulwebulwe, from their traditional hunting grounds into the MumbwaDistrict to the east. Dissatisfaction with the pace of development in Central Province and a lack of benefit from tourism in the park have led to calls from Nkoya leaders to establish a new province in the area which they have proposed to call "Kafue Province". [ [http://www.visitzambia.co.zm/ Visit Zambia Campaign] ]
Ecoregions and habitats
Most of the park lies in the Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands ecoregion characterised by savanna grasslands with
Miombotree species, growing thickly in some patches, with a few small dambos(grasslands which become marshy in the rainy season) interspresed among them. In the south there are stony hills and rocky outcrops where the more sparse Zambezian and Mopane woodlands ecoregion takes over, and Mopanetrees adapted to hotter drier conditions replace Miombo. A thin belt of evergreen forest lines the banks of the Kafue River, which has been controversially dammed just outside the park at Itezhi-Tezhi Dam, forming a reservoir within the park. Patches of " Baikiaea" (teak) and " Cryptosepalum" evergreen forest occur in the south and west.
The jewel in Kafue's crown however is the Zambezian flooded grasslands ecoregion in the north, including the
Busanga Swampand plains. These support large herds of herbivores and their predators. In the dry season the animals keep close to the swamps and marshy creeks and are easily seen. The area is also noted for its birdlife.
Ngoma in the south is the headquarters of the park but this area together with the Nanzhila Plains are less visited and have become somewhat run down since the Itezhi-Tezhi Dam was built and more lodges were developed in the north. The reservoir cut the north-south track through the park and now it is necessary to detour outside the park to drive between Ngoma and Chunga.
Wildlife of Zambia
* [http://www.safarimappers.com/area.aspx?lngareaid=17 Map of Kafue National Park]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Kafue National Park — Der Kafue National Park (Kafue National Park) ist ein Naturschutzgebiet in Sambia. Er umfasst 22.400 km², etwa 190 km von Nord nach Süd und etwa 85 km von Ost nach West, am Lufupa und Lunga, zwei Nebenflüssen des Kafue und ist damit einer der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kafue National Park — National park, south central Zambia. Located west of Lusaka, it was established in 1950. It occupies an area of 8,650 sq mi (22,400 sq km) and consists of a vast plateau, situated along the middle reaches of the Kafue River. The park is noted for … Universalium
Lochinvar National Park — The Lochinvar National Park lies south west of Lusaka in Zambia, on the south side of the Kafue River.The national park straddles two of Zambia s ecoregions: Zambezian and Mopane woodlands in the south, and Zambezian flooded grasslands over most… … Wikipedia
Lochinvar National Park — Der Lochinvar Nationalpark in Sambia ist der südliche Teil der Kafue Auen und bildet mit dem nördlichen Blaue Lagune Nationalpark eine Einheit. Beide Gebiete wurden vom World Wildlife Fund 1960 aus Gründen des Tierschutzes gekauft. Flussaufwärts… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Nsumbu National Park — Sumbu National Park (also called Nsumbu) lies on the western shore of Lake Tanganyika near its southern extremity, in Zambia s Northern Province. It covers about 2000 km² and has some 80 km of lake shore including four bays (Kasaba, Kala, Nkamba… … Wikipedia
Blue Lagoon National Park — is a small wildlife haven in the northern part of the Kafue Flats in Zambia s Central Province. It covers about 500 km² and is very accessible, being about 100 km west of Lusaka (120 km by road). Ecology and wildlifeThe northern side of the park… … Wikipedia
Mosi-oa-Tunya National Park — The two white rhinos at Mosi oa Tunya National Park in May 2005 Mosi oa Tunya National Park is an UNESCO World Heritage site that is home to one half of the Mosi oa Tunya The Smoke Which Thunders known worldwide as Victoria Falls on the… … Wikipedia
Kafue River — s principal rivers, it is the most central and the most urban, and the longest and largest lying wholly within the country.Camerapix: Spectrum Guide to Zambia. Camerapix International Publishing, Nairobi, 1996.] Dimensions The Encyclopedia… … Wikipedia
Kafue-Nationalpark — Der Kafue Nationalpark (engl. Kafue National Park) ist ein Naturschutzgebiet in Sambia. Er umfasst 22.400 km², etwa 190 km von Nord nach Süd und etwa 85 km von Ost nach West, am Lufupa und Lunga, zwei Nebenflüssen des Kafue und ist damit einer… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kafue River — River rising on the Zaire Zambia border. It meanders south then flows southeast to join the Zambezi River near Chirundu, Zimbabwe, after a course of 600 mi (960 km). It cuts through the plateau of central Zambia, and its basin contains the Kafue… … Universalium