- Circular delivery company
In postal history, a circular delivery company was a type of company which operated in Great Britain between 1865 and 1869 to deliver circulars and other printed matter at rates lower than the British Post Office charged. The service was outlawed in 1869 and a new cheaper postage rate for printed matter introduced in 1870. The stamps issued by the companies are much sought after by philatelists.
The first such company was the Edinburgh and Leith Circular Delivery Company set up by Robert Brydone in 1865. Brydone undertook to deliver circulars within the boundaries of Edinburgh and Leith for one farthing each. He also delivered parcels which were not covered by the Post Office's monopoly. Brydone, a printer by trade, was declared bankrupt in 1866 but moved to London to form the London Circular Delivery Company which merged with the Metropolitan Circular Delivery Company in 1867.
Further companies soon sprang up, some of which were connected with Brydone. They included:
- Aberdeen Circular Delivery Company
- Circular Delivery Company Limited
- Clarke & Co. Edinburgh
- Dundee Circular Delivery Company
- Edinburgh & Leith Parcel Delivery Company
- Glasgow Circular Delivery Company
- Liverpool Circular Delivery Company
- London & Metropolitan Circular Delivery Company
- National Circular Delivery Company
The spread of the circular delivery companies soon attracted the attention of the Post Office who had a legal monopoly on the collection and delivery of letters. In August 1867 the Post Office brought a legal action against the London & Metropolitan Circular Delivery Company for infringing their monopoly, which case they won, and the various companies are thought to have stopped operating by September 1867.
The demand for cheaper rates for printed materials was self-evident and on 1 October 1870 the British Post Office issued the first half penny stamp to pay the new reduced charge for printed papers, the small 1/2d bantam.
The stamps appear only in specialist catalogues. Many are thought to have been forged and some may have been produced purely for philatelic purposes and to have never seen genuine use. For these reasons, collectors prefer to collect the stamps on cover, however, such covers are rare. The stamps are classed as cinderellas or stamps for a local post.
- Harman, C.G. Great Britain: The stamps of the circular delivery companies and their forgeries. Cinderella Stamp Club & Frank Godden Ltd., 1990.
- Hurt, E.F. and L.N & M. Williams., eds. Handbook of the Private Local Posts. Jamaica, New York: Fritz Billig, 1950.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Southeastern (train operating company) — This article is about the company that commenced operations in April 2006. For the previous operator, see South Eastern Trains. Southeastern … Wikipedia
Port Jackson and Manly Steamship Company — The once famous Port Jackson and Manly Steamship Company was a publicly listed company that operated the iconic Manly ferries in Sydney Australia in the late 19th and 20th Centuries. The Company was eventually taken over and has since been… … Wikipedia
United States — a republic in the N Western Hemisphere comprising 48 conterminous states, the District of Columbia, and Alaska in North America, and Hawaii in the N Pacific. 267,954,767; conterminous United States, 3,022,387 sq. mi. (7,827,982 sq. km); with… … Universalium
Timbre privé — Le timbre privé est émis par un service postal privé précédant ou complétant l action de la poste officielle. Il peut également être émis afin de remplacer un service existant défaillant. Le timbre est à l’origine une empreinte obtenue par la… … Wikipédia en Français
Timbre prive — Timbre privé Le timbre est à l’origine une empreinte obtenue par la frappe d’une marque émanant de la puissance publique sur les papiers ou parchemins. Réservé depuis le XVIIe siècle à la taxation des actes susceptibles d’être produits en… … Wikipédia en Français
List of philatelic topics — This is a list of philatelic topics. compactTOC NOTOC A Acknowledgement of receipt Aerogram Aerophilately Affixing machine Airmail Airmail etiquette Arrow block Astrophilately Philatelic auction Philatelic auction catalogB Balloon mail Bicycle… … Wikipedia
Nottingham Corporation Tramways — This article is about trams between 1898–1938. For trams between 1875 1897, see Nottingham and District Tramways Company Limited. For trams from 2004 onwards, see Nottingham Express Transit. Tram passing Nottingham Victoria Railway Station… … Wikipedia
History of film — This article is about the history of cinema. For other uses, see History of photography. Years in film 1870s 1880s 1890s … Wikipedia
M39 Pantserwagen — Type Armoured car Place of origin Netherlands … Wikipedia
Government procurement in the United States — is based on many of the same principles as commercial contracting, but is subject to special laws and regulation as described below. Persons entering into commercial contracts are pretty much free to do anything that they can agree on. Each… … Wikipedia