- Church of the Holy Communion and Buildings
Church of the Holy Communion and BuildingsThe buildings in 2010, as the Limelight Marketplace
Location: 656-662 6th Ave., New York, New York Coordinates: Coordinates: Area: less than one acre Built: 1844 Architect: Richard Upjohn Architectural style: Gothic Revival Governing body: Private NRHP Reference#: 80002680 Significant dates Added to NRHP: April 17, 1980 Designated NYCL: 1966
The Church of the Holy Communion and Buildings are historic Episcopal church buildings at 656-662 Avenue of the Americas (Sixth Avenue) at West 20th Street in the Flatiron District of Manhattan, New York City.
The Gothic Revival church building was constructed in 1844-1845 according to a design by Richard Upjohn, and was consecrated in 1846. In 1853 Upjohn completed the Parish House and Rectory on West 20th Street, and in 1854 he built the Sister's House. The design of the church, which features brownstone blocks chosen for placement at random, made the church "one of the most influential buildings of the 19th century". It was:
[the] first asymmetrical Gothic Revival church edifice in the United States ... Upjohn designed the building to resemble a small medieval English parish church ... The church's founder, the Reverend William Muhlenberg, a leader of the evangelical Catholic within the Episcopal Church, was closely involved with the design ...
Muhlenberg believed that the Gothic style was "the true architectural expression of Christianity."
At the time it was built, the neighborhood around the church was still a fashionable residential area, with homes lining Sixth Avenue. By the late 19th century, as the city continued to expand uptown, the area had become part of the "Ladies' Mile" shopping district, with Sixth Avenue lined with giant department stores and dry goods emporia, which by World War I had all either moved uptown or closed.
By the 1970s, with the city at the depth of its financial problems, the neighborhood was virtually abandoned, being neither residential nor retail, excepting some car dealerships. In 1975 the declining parish merged with those of Calvary Church, on Park Avenue South at East 21st Street, and St. George's Church, at Stuyvesant Square, and the combined parish of Calvary-St. Seorge's sold the Church of the Holy Communion to Odyssey House, a drug rehabilitation program, in order to meet its fiscal obligations. Odyssey House, in turn, sold the buildings to nightclub entrepreneur Peter Gatien, who opened the New York Limelight club there in 1983.
From 1983 until 2007, the church was utilized as a nightclub, The Limelight. After frequent problems with the police and charges of rampant drug abuse in the club, it was closed, but reopened in 2003 under the name "Avalon". It closed permanently in 2007.
On May 7, 2010, the building was reopened as a retail mall called the Limelight Marketplace. Conceived by Jack Menashe, who formerly owned SoHo retail store Lounge, James Mansour of Mansour Design, and Melisca Klisanin, Creative Director, the marketplace is a three-story venue consisting of more than 60 small, high-end shops, selling jewelry, clothing, organic goods and other items. It was promoted with a campaign which utilized advertisements on local buses, taxicabs, and billboards.
- Church of the Holy Communion, New Jersey
- Limelight (nightclub)
- St. George's Episcopal Church (Manhattan)
- Calvary Church (Manhattan)
- ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/natreg/docs/All_Data.html.
- ^ a b c d New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. Guide to New York City Landmarks (4th ed.) New York:Wiley, 2009. ISBN 978-0-470-28963-1, p.77
- ^ a b c d e f Mendelsohn, Joyce. Touring the Flatiron. New York: New York Landmarks Conservancy, 1998. ISBN 0-964-7061-2-1 pp.88-89
- ^ Calvary St, George website Accessed:May 19, 2010)
- ^ Johnson, Richard et al."The Limelight is Going Retail" New York Post (June 17, 2009)
- ^ "Limelight Marketplace Opens in New York". http://www.ddionline.com/displayanddesignideas/industry-news/Limelight-Marketplac-1323.shtml.
- ^ Zagat Buzz: Limelight Marketplace: Grimaldi's Pizza by the Slice, Cupcakes and More, May 5, 2010
- NYC-Architecture on Church of the Holy Communion
- Calvary St. George's Website
- Limelight Marketplace website
U.S. National Register of Historic Places in New York Lists by countyAlbany • Allegany • Bronx • Broome • Cattaraugus • Cayuga • Chautauqua • Chemung • Chenango • Clinton • Columbia • Cortland • Delaware • Dutchess • Erie • Essex • Franklin • Fulton • Genesee • Greene • Hamilton • Herkimer • Jefferson • Kings (Brooklyn) • Lewis • Livingston • Madison • Monroe • Montgomery • Nassau • New York (Manhattan) • Niagara • Oneida • Onondaga • Ontario • Orange • Orleans • Oswego • Otsego • Putnam • Queens • Rensselaer • Richmond (Staten Island) • Rockland • Saratoga • Schenectady • Schoharie • Schuyler • Seneca • St. Lawrence • Steuben • Suffolk • Sullivan • Tioga • Tompkins • Ulster • Warren • Washington • Wayne • Westchester • Wyoming • Yates
Lists by city Other lists
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Church of the Holy Communion (Norwood, New Jersey) — Church of the Holy Communion U.S. National Register of Historic Places New Jersey Register of Historic Places … Wikipedia
Church of the Holy Communion — may refer to Church of the Holy Communion, Episcopal, St. Peter, Minnesota Church of the Holy Communion (Norwood, New Jersey), listed on tha National Register of Historic Places in Bergen County, New Jersey Church of the Holy Communion and… … Wikipedia
Church of the Holy Family, Singapore — Holy Family Church Church of the Holy Family 1°18′24.75″N 103°54′24.25″E / … Wikipedia
Church of the Holy Trinity, Berwick-on-Tweed — Coordinates: 55°46′19″N 2°00′07″W / 55.772°N 2.002°W / 55.772; 2.002 … Wikipedia
Church of the Nazarene — Not to be confused with Apostolic Christian Church (Nazarene). Church of the Nazarene Seal of the Church of the Nazarene Classification Protestant Orientation Evangel … Wikipedia
Church of the Ascension, Episcopal (Manhattan) — Not to be confused with Church of the Ascension, Roman Catholic (Manhattan). Church of the Ascension (Episcopal) U.S. National Register of Historic Places … Wikipedia
Church of the Province of Rwanda — Province de L Eglise Anglicane au Rwanda Primate Onesphore Rwaje Territory Rwanda Website http://www.pear hq.org.rw/ Anglicanism Portal … Wikipedia
Coronation of the Holy Roman Emperor — The coronation of Charlemagne by Pope Leo III. The Coronation of the Holy Roman Emperor refers to a ceremony in which the ruler of Europe s then largest political entity received the Imperial Regalia at the hands of the Pope, symbolizing the pope … Wikipedia
State church of the Roman Empire — Bust of Emperor Constantine at the Capitoline Museums. Constantine established imperial involvement in the Church. The state church of the Roman Empire was a Christian institution organized within the Roman Empire during the … Wikipedia
Old Catholic Church of the Netherlands — See the article on Ultrajectinism for a more detailed description of historical and theological events. The Old Catholic Church of the Netherlands; Dutch: Oud Katholieke Kerk van Nederland, is the mother church related to the Old Catholic… … Wikipedia