- St Bartholomew's Church, Colne
St Bartholomew's, Colne
Coordinates: OS grid reference SD 8889540124 Location Colne, Lancashire Country England Denomination Anglican Architecture Functional status Active Heritage designation Grade I Designated 29 January 1988 Specifications Height 62 feet (19 m) Administration Deanery Pendle Archdeaconry Blackburn Diocese Blackburn Province York
St Bartholomew's Church is an Anglican church in the town of Colne in Lancashire, England. It is an active parish church in the Diocese of Blackburn. There has been a church on the site since no later than the 12th century although the present building mostly dates from the 16th century. It has been designated a Grade I listed building by English Heritage.
A church has existed on the site from no later than the 12th century and was possibly founded by Robert de Lacy. The present building mostly dates from the early 16th century although there are traces from the late 12th or early 13th century in the north arcade of the nave. The building probably underwent significant restoration in the 16th century. A font was donated to the church by Lawrence Towneley in 1590. In 1815, repairs were made to the north arcade by Thomas Taylor. The building underwent restoration by E. G. Paley in 1856–57, and a further restoration in 1889–90 by Paley, Austin and Paley. In the latter restoration the north aisle was removed and replaced by a double aisle. In 1988 the church was designated a Grade I listed building by English Heritage. The Grade I listing is for buildings "of exceptional interest, sometimes considered to be internationally important".
The church is constructed of wrought stone in the Perpendicular and Late Perpendicular styles. Its plan consists of a nave with a south and a double north aisle, a chancel, chapels to the north and south of the chancel, vestries, an organ chamber and a tower to the west. There is a porch to the south. The south windows are straight-headed with four arched lights; the clerestory has three-light windows. The five-light east window has cinquefoil heads and rectilinear tracery. The north aisle has two- and three-light windows.
The tower is 62 feet (19 m) high. It has square buttresses of four stages at the western corners. The three-light belfry windows are pointed and transomed, with tracery in their heads. The tower parapet is crenellated with gargoyles below, to the north and south. The doorway to the tower has a pointed head.
The porch to the south has a niche in its gable, and a sundial in place of a finial. Its entrance has a pointed arch and chamfered orders. Inside there is a stone bench on either side of the entrance.
Interior and fittings
The nave measures 55 feet (17 m) by 19 feet (5.8 m). The north and south arcades have four bays; the north has round piers with moulded bases and capitals and the south has octagonal columns, also with moulded bases and capitals. There is an inner and an outer aisle to the north, separated from each other by an arcade of four pointed arches and octagonal piers. The font is octagonal with concave sides, each featuring a shield. The shields contain symbols of the Passion and the initials of Lawrence Towneley. The pulpit is constructed of oak on a stone base.
The chancel measures 42 feet 9 inches (13.03 m) by 20 feet 9 inches (6.32 m). It has a narrow opening into the north aisle. Its arcades to the north and south have octagonal piers and three pointed arches of two chamfered orders. The Banastre chapel to the north, and the Barnside chapel to the south, are both separated from the aisles by oak screens.
The churchyard lies mostly to the south of the church. The oldest dated gravestone is from 1606. There is a medieval stone cross to the south-east of the building. It consists of a square block topped with an octagonal shaft and an octagonal block. The cross has a Grade II listing.
- List of ecclesiastical works by E. G. Paley
- List of works by Paley, Austin and Paley
- ^ a b c d e f g "Chapel Of St Bartholomew, Church Street", Heritage Gateway (English Heritage), http://www.heritagegateway.org.uk/Gateway/Results_Single.aspx?uid=186226&resourceID=5, retrieved 8 October 2010
- ^ Clayton (2007), pp. 121–27
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Farrer & Brownbill (1911), pp. 522–36
- ^ a b c d e f Hartwell & Pevsner (2009), pp. 251–53
- ^ Price 1998, p. 74
- ^ Price 1998, p. 90
- ^ Listed Buildings, English Heritage, 2010, http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/caring/listing/listed-buildings/, retrieved 22 August 2011
- ^ "Cross In St Bartholomews Chrchyard, Church Street", Heritage Gateway (English Heritage), http://www.heritagegateway.org.uk/Gateway/Results_Single.aspx?uid=186227&resourceID=5, retrieved 8 October 2010
- Clayton, John A. (2007), The Lancashire Witch Conspiracy: A History of Pendle Forest and the Pendle Witch Trials, Barrowford Press, ISBN 0955382122
- Farrer, William; Brownbill, J., eds. (1911), "Townships — Colne", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6, http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=53171, retrieved 8 October 2010
- Hartwell, Clare; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2009) , Lancashire: North, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, ISBN 0300126670
- Price, James (1998), Sharpe, Paley and Austin: A Lancaster Architectural Practice 1836–1942, Lancaster: Centre for North-West Regional Studies, ISBN 1-86220-054-8
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