Christian William I, Prince of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen


Christian William I, Prince of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
Christian William I, Prince of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
Christian William, first Prince of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
Spouse(s) Antonie Sybille of Barby-Mühlingen
Christiane Wilhelmine of Saxe-Weimar
Noble family House of Schwarzburg
Father Anton Günther I, Count of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
Mother Countess Palatine Maria Magdalene of Birkenfeld
Born 18 August 1645(1645-08-18)
Sondershausen
Died 10 May 1721(1721-05-10) (aged 75)
Sondershausen

Christian William I of Schwarzburg (born: 18 August 1645 in Sondershausen, Schwarzburg-Sondershausen; died: 10 May 1721, ibid) was Count and later Prince of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, Count of Hohenstein, Lord of Sondershausen, Arnstadt and Leutenberg. From 1681, he also carried the title of Count in Ebeleben, and from 1716 Count in Arnstadt.

Life

Christian William was a son of Count Anton Günther I of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen and his wife Countess Palatine Maria Magdalene of Birkenfeld (1622-1689).

In 1666 he succeeded his father jointly with his brother Anton Günther II. In 1681, they divided the country and Anton Günther became Count of Schwarzburg-Arnstadt. On 3 September 1697, the brothers were raised to Imperial Princes by Emperor Leopold I. Anton Günther died in 1716 and Arnstadt fell back to Christian William.

He concluded a treaty of succession with his brother, in which the indivisibility of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen was established and primogeniture would determine the succession. After Count Louis Frederick I of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt joined the treaty in 1710, it was confirmed in 1719 by Emperor Charles VI.

During Christian Williams reign, Schwarzburg-Sondershausen broke away from the increasing dominance of Electoral Saxony.

He renovated his Sondershausen Palace and reshaped it from a Renaissance style to a Baroque style.

A cultural center in northern Thuringia was named after him.

Marriage and issue

In 1672, Christian Williams was engaged with the hymn poet Ludmilla Elisabeth of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, but she died unexpectedly later that year.

He married on 22 August 1673 Antonie Sybille (1641-1684), daughter of Count Albert Frederick I of Barby-Mühlingen, and had their children with the following:

  • Anton Albert (1674-1680)
  • August William (1676-1690)
  • Günther XLIII (1678-1740), who succeeded him as ruling Prince of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen (1720-1740)
  • Sophie Magdalene (1680-1751), married Count George Albert of Schönburg-Hartenstein (1673-1716)
  • Christiane Emilie (1681-1751) married Duke Adolph Frederick II of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
  • Albertine Louise (1682-1765)
  • Antonie Sibille (1684)

Christian William married a second time in 1684, with Christiane Wilhelmine (1658-1712), daughter of the Duke John Ernest II of Saxe-Weimar, with whom he had the following children:

  • Johanne Auguste (1686-1703)
  • Christiane Wilhelmine (1688-1749)
  • Henry XXXV (1689-1758), who succeeded his half-brother Günther as ruling Prince of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen (1740-1758)
  • August I (1691-1750), who also held the title of Prince of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, but never ruled
  • Ernestine Henriette (1692-1759)
  • Rudolph (1695-1749)
  • William II (1699-1762)
  • Christian (1700-1749), who also held the title of Prince of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, but never ruled

References

  • Bernhard Anemüller (1876) (in German). "Christian Wilhelm I.". In Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). 4. Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot. pp. 211–212.
  • Friedrich Apfelstedt: Heimathskunde für die Bewohner des Fürstenthums Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, Part 3: Geschichte des Fürstlich-Schwarzburgischen Hauses, Eupel, Sondershausen, 1856 (reprinted: Donhof, Arnstadt, 1998, ISBN 3-86162-025-1)
  • Friedrich Apfelstedt: Das Haus Kevernburg-Schwarzburg von seinem Ursprunge bis auf unsere Zeit, Betram, Sondershausen, 1890 (reprinted: Thüringer Chronik-Verl. Müllerott, Arnstadt, 1996, ISBN 3-910132-29-4)
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.
Christian William I, Prince of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
Born: 18 August 1645 Died: 10 May 1721
Preceded by
Anton Günther I
as Count of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
Prince of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
1666-1720
Succeeded by
Günther XLIII
as Günther I

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