Lothair II of Italy


Lothair II of Italy

Lothair II (926/928–22 November 950), often "Lothair of Arles", was the King of Italy from 948 to his death. [He was co-king with his father from 931.] He was of the noble Frankish lineage of the Bosonids, descended from Boso of Provence. His father and predecessor was Hugh of Provence and his mother was a German named Alda (or Hilda).

Although he held the title of "rex Italiae", he never succeeded in exercising power there. He was betrothed in 931 and married, 12 December 937, to the fifteen-year-old Adelaide, [Odilo of Cluny gives her age at her marriage as "in her sixteenth year."] the spirited and intelligent daughter of Rudolf II of Burgundy and Bertha of Swabia.

Their marriage was part of a political settlement designed to conclude a peace between her father and his. [In 933, Hugh of Arles had given up his kingdom (Provence) to his inveterate enemy Rudolf II, who merged the two kingdoms into a new Kingdom of Arles, but died in 937.] The couple had a daughter, Emma, born as early as 948, who was married in 966 to the Carolingian Lothair of France.

Lothair's power in Italy was nominal. From the time of the successful uprising of the nobles in 945, when Hugh was forced into exile, Berengar of Ivrea kept all real power and patronage in his hands. Lothair died at Turin, perhaps poisoned by Berengar, who attempted to cement his usurped political power in Lombardy by forcing Lothair's widow to marry his son Adalbert. Instead she entreated the protection of Otto I of Germany, whom she married.

Lothair figures briefly in the "vita" of Adelaide written by Hroswitha of Gandersheim.

Note

References

*Pierre Riché. "Les Carolingiens, une famille qui fit l'Europe". Paris: 1983. ISBN 2010097378 (in French)
*Jean-Charles Volkmann. "Bien Connaître les généalogies des rois de France". ISBN 2-87747-208-6 (in French)
*"Lothar II." "Encyclopædia Britannica". Retrieved April 25, 2007, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online: http://www.search.eb.com/eb/article-9049021.
* [http://www.genealogie-mittelalter.de/hugoniden/lothar_koenig_von_italien_950/lothar_koenig_von_italien_950.html "Lothar koenig von Italien"] Genealogical references (in German).


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