- Chongqing Rail Transit
Chongqing Rail Transit (CRT) Info Locale Chongqing Transit type rapid transit,
Number of lines 3 Number of stations 50 Annual ridership 45 million (2010) Operation Began operation 2005 Technical System map Chongqing Rail Transit Simplified Chinese 重庆轨道交通 Traditional Chinese 重慶軌道交通 Transcriptions Mandarin - Hanyu Pinyin Chóngqìng Gǔidào Jiāotōng
The Chongqing Rail Transit (CRT) also known as Chongqing Metro, is a metro system in Chongqing, China that has been in operation since 2005. CRT serves transportation needs in the city's main business and entertainment downtown areas. It is one of only two urban-rail metro systems in operation in the west of China, the other being Chengdu Metro, which opened in 2010.
As of September 2011, CRT consisted of three operating lines, Line 1, a conventional heavy-rail subway, Line 3, and Line 2; a "first of its kind heavy-monorail" in China whose technology is shared with Line 3. Line 2 runs through three administrative districts in the central city (Yuzhong, Jiulongpo, and Dadukou). Line 1 serves as the system's backbone connecting Chongqing's most densely populated areas and Central Business Districts; Jeifangbei, Daping, and Shapingba.
CRT has a total track length of 35.55 km in operation. Line 3, which recently had a soft opening in September 2011, is expected full operation in a few months. Line 3 connects Chongqingbei (North) Intercity-Rail Station in Yubei District to Guanyinqiao CBD in Jiangbei District to central Yuzhong (Caiyuanba 'central' Rail station) to NanPing CBD in Nan'an District.
The whole system of Chongqing Rail Transit will eventually consist of 18 lines.
The Chongqing Rail Transit is part of the central government's project to develop the Western regions in China and the Japan Bank for International Cooperation had also provided part of the funding of the project. Construction of the Chongqing Rail Transit has been carried out in cooperation between Changchun Railway Vehicles Co. Ltd. and Hitachi Monorail, making use of advanced Japanese monorail technology. Construction on Line 2 began in 1999, and it was officially opened to service in June 2005 from Jiaochangkou (Jiefangbei CBD) to Dongwuyuan Chongqing Zoo. An extension between Dongwuyuan and Xinshancun opened in July 2006.
CRT is a unique metro system in China in that most lines use heavy monorail technology. Due to Chongqing's surrounding geography as a hilly, multiple-river city, it is not feasible to construct an all-heavy rail tunnel system given the depths of some many of the stations as one transports through the network. For this reason, only two lines are planned to be heavy-rail while all others are planned to be straddle-beam monorail using heavy vehicles.
Line 1 is the system's first conventional subway running in a deep bore tunnel below Yuzhong and Shapingba Districts. The only other line planned to be conventional subway at this point is Line 6, which is under construction. Line 6 will connect the city's other main central business districts of NanPing in Nan'an District and Jiangbei's Guanyinqiao CBD to Jiefangbei CBD.
The monorail systems employs vehicles with strong climbing capabilities and but have heavy rail capacity which can transport 30,000 passengers per hour per direction. Line 2, for example, is for the most part elevated above streets, although a 2.2 km section is underground, including 3 of its 18 stations in the Jeifangbei CBD and Daping downtown areas in densely populated Yuzhong District. In 2010, Line 2 delivered 45 million rides..
To keep up with demand, construction is under way on extensions to Line 1, Line 2, and Line 3, whose primary route is currently under trials. With the recent opening of Line 3 and the pending opening of Line 6 in 2012, all of the core urban area of the city will be accessible by the CRT.
Line Terminals Opened Newest
Stations Line 1 Chaotianmen Shapingba 2011 — 16.40 14 Line 2 Jiaochangkou Xinshancun 2005 2006 16.50 15 Line 3 Lianglukou Yuanyang 2011 — 18.15 18
Line 1 runs 16.4 km from Chaotianmen in downtown Chongqing west to Shapingba, and eventually all the way to Shuangbei for a total length of 22.41 km. It is the city's first all-heavy rail subway line and the second completed in Western China. Passenger capacity of the line is 36,000 passengers/hour/direction.
In 1992, the Chongqing government had signed a Build-Operate-Transfer in 1992 with a Hong Kong company, and provided the land for the project, but work ceased in 1997 due to legal issues. Work resumed on the first stretch of the line (from Chaotianmen to Shapingba) on 9 June 2007, and opened to limited operation on July 28. An extension from Shapingba to University Town began in 2009 and is scheduled to be opened in 2013.
Line 1 has 14 stations, including from east to west: Chaotianmen, Xiaoshizi, Jiaochangkou, Qixinggang, Lianglukou, Eling, Daping, Shiyoulu, Xietaizi, Shiqiaopu, Gaomiaocun, Majiayan, Xiaolongkan, and Shapingba stations. Lieshimu, Ciqikou, Shuangpingnan, Shuangpingbei, Laijiaqiao, Tuzhu, Huxi, Daxuecheng (University Town), and Jiandingpo stations are scheduled to open in 2013 once the Phase 2 extension of Line 1 is complete.
Line 1 has transfer interchange stations with Line 2 at Jiaochangkou in Jeifangbei CBD and at Daping. Line 1 has a transfer station with Line 3 at Lianglukou, near the Chongqing Rail Station in the Caiyuanba section of central Yuzhong.
Line 2, which currently runs 19.15 km and services 18 stations, begins as a subway under downtown Jeifangbei, then runs west along the southern bank of the Jialing River on an elevated line, and then turns south into the city's southwestern inner suburbs, terminating in Dadukou district. Aside from Jeifangbei, Line 2 runs through Daping CBD and Yingjiaping CBD in Jiulongpo District and the Chongqing City Zoo at Dongwuyuan Station. A 6.2-kilometer extension of Line 2 into Ba'nan is currently under construction.
Current stations, from northeast to southwest, include Jiaochangkou, Linjiangmen, Huanghuayuan, Daxigou, Zengjiayan, Niujiaotuo, Liziba, Fortuguan, Daping, Yuanjiagang, Xiejiawan, Yangjiaping, Dongwuyuan, Dayancun, Mawangchang, Ping'an, Dadukuo, and Xinshancun.
Line 3 runs from north to south, linking the districts separated by Chongqing's two main rivers, the Yangtze (Chang Jiang) and Jialing rivers. Phase one is from Ertang to CQ North Railway Station and Phase Two is from CQ North Railway Station to Jiangbei International Airport. Part of Phase One and Part of Phase Two, from Lianglukou to Yuyang was opened to the public on September 27, 2011. This part is over 21 km long, and has 18 stations, five of which will be underground. Current stations of Line 3 include, from south to north, Ertang, Liugongli, Wugongli, Sigongli, Nanping, Gongmao, Tongyuanju, Lianglukou, Niujiaotuo, Huaxinjie, Guanyinqiao, Hongqihegou, Xinpaifang, Zhengjiayuanzi, Tangjiayuanzi, Shiziping, Huocheke, and Longtousi. There are interchange stations in central Yuzhong district for transfer with Line 1 at Lianglukou (Caiyuanba Intercity Rail/Bus Station), and with Line 2 at Niujiaotuo. The whole line of Line Ⅲ, from Ertang to Jiangbei International Airport will be in use at the end of 2011.
Chongqing Rail Transit is currently expected to have 6 lines crisscrossing the urban districts of the city by 2015, in addition to one loop line connecting them. However, in addition to the extensions to Line 1, Line 2, and Line 3, only one new line was currently under construction as of mid-circa 2011.
Lines Under Construction
Planned Open Date Route Name Terminals Length(km) Stations Status 2012 Line 6 Phase I Lijia Shangxin Jie 23.55 16 under construction 2014 Line 3 Phase III Ertang Yudong 26.01 12 Phase III under construction
Line 6 will be the second heavy-rail subway and is currently under-construction. It is scheduled to open in late 2012 and will connect Nan'an, Yuzhong, and Jiangbei districts in central Chongqing.
Planned Open Date Route Name Terminals Length(km) Stations Status Notes No Time table Line 4 Chongqing West Railway Station International Western Region
Panda Convention Center
26 proposed Line 5 Jijiang Danzishi 32 planned Line 7 Qingmuguan Jiulong Garden District 15 planned Line 8 Jieshi Yuzuibei ~13 proposed Line 9 Shapingba Liangjing ~17 planned Line 10/Airport Express Jiangbei Airport T3 CQ North Railway Station 4 Proposed Line 11 Tiaoding Tudibao ~18 planned Line 12 Jiangjin Xiyong 7 planned Line 13 Higher Education Mega Center International Western Region
Panda Convention Center
5 planned Line 14 Longxing Yulin 4 planned Line 15 Chongqing North Railway Station Fusheng 6 planned Line 16 Fusheng Shuangbeibei 10 planned Line 17 Lujiaonan Baishiyi 10 planned Line 18 Shuitu Caijia 2 planned express line
- ^ a b "2010重庆市主城区交通发展年度报告解读" 重庆市政府公众信息网 Accessed Oct. 29, 2011
- ^ http://www.jbic.go.jp/japanese/base/release/oec/2000/nr64d.php (Japanese)
- ^ HITACHI : China's First Urban Monorail System in Chongqing
- ^ http://www.echinacities.com/chongqing/city-in-pulse/chongqing-s-metro-line-1-now-open.html (Chinese)
- ^ (Chinese) 轻轨线路图
- UrbanRail.net's page on the Chongqing Metro
- Chongqing Metro's Official Web Page (Chinese) , Google translation
Chongqing Rail Transit (CRT) Lines in operation Heavy rail Heavy monorail· Lines under construction Heavy rail· (Phase I, II, & III) (Phase II) Heavy monorail· (Phase II) (Phase III) Planned lines MRT & LRTIn operationBeijing (Beijing • Beijing Suburban) • Changchun • Chengdu • Chongqing • Dalian (Dalian • Dalian Trams) • Guangzhou-Foshan (Guangzhou • Foshan) • Hong Kong-Shenzhen (Hong Kong • Shenzhen • Hong Kong LRT) • Nanjing • Shanghai (Shanghai • Shanghai Maglev • Zhangjiang Tram) • Shenyang • Tianjin (Tianjin • Binhai • TEDA Tram) • Wuhan • Xi'anUnder constructionPlannedChangzhou • Datong • Huizhou • Hohhot • Jiaxing • Jinan • Lanzhou • Quanzhou • Shijiazhuang • Taiyuan • Weifang • Wenzhou • Xiamen • Xuzhou • Zibo BRTIn operationHangzhou • Beijing • Kunming • Changzhou • Xiamen • Jinan • Zaozhuang • Zhengzhou • Guangzhou • Dalian • Chongqing • HefeiUnder constructionShanghai • Shenzhen • Wuxi • Xi'an • ShenyangTransport in the People's Republic of China • Rail transport in the People's Republic of China Municipality of Chongqing
District Counties Autonomous counties Attractions Sports Venues Higher Education
- Chongqing University
- Southwest University
- Chongqing Institute of Technology
- Chongqing Jiaotong University
- Chongqing Normal University
- Chongqing Technology and Business University
- Chongqing Three Gorges University
- Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications
- Yangtze Normal University
- Sichuan Fine Arts Institute
- Sichuan International Studies University
- Southwest University of Political Science and Law
- Third Military Medical University
- Chongqing Medical University
- Chongqing University of Science and Technology
Culture & Demographics Transport
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