- Chokwe people
Chokwe Total population 1.16 million Regions with significant populations Angola, Congo (Kinshasa), Zambia Languages Religion
Related ethnic groups
The Chokwe also pronounced Tchokwe are an ethnic group of Central Africa whose ancestry can perhaps be traced to Mbundu and Mbuti Pygmies. Large groups of Chokwe currently reside in Angola, Zambia, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Their language is usually referred to as Chokwe, a Bantu language. Many also speak the official languages of their countries: English in Zambia, French in Democratic Republic of Congo, and Portuguese (as first or second language) in Angola.
The Chokwe were once one of the twelve clans of the great Lunda Empire of 17th- and 18th-century Angola. They eventually became independent when they refused to continue paying tribute to the Lunda emperor. Their successful trading and abundant resources caused them to be one of the wealthiest groups in Angola. By 1900 the Chokwe had dismantled the Lunda kingdom altogether, using guns they had received in trade from the Ovimbundu. Chokwe language and influence then began to dominate northeastern Angola and spread among the Lunda peoples.
The Portuguese had virtually no contact with the Chokwe until the 1930s when the Chokwe traded wax, rubber and ivory. The Portuguese then quickly brought an end to the dominance of the Chokwe people in the region.
- Areia, M. L. Rodrigues de. Chokwe and their Bantu neighbours. Zürich: Jean David & Gerhard Merzeder, 2003.
- Areia, M. L. Rodrigues de, and Roland Kaehr. Les masques: collections d'Angola 2. Collections du Musée d'ethnographie de Neuchâtel 7. Neuchâtel: Musée d'ethnographie, 2009.
- Bastin, Marie Louise. Art décoratif tshokwe. 2 vols. Lisboa: Companhia de Diamantes de Angola, Serviços Culturais, 1961.
- Bastin, Marie Louise. La sculpture tshokwe. Meudon: A. et F. Chaffin, 1982.
- Cerqueira, Ivo Benjamin. Vida social indígena na colónia de Angola: usos e costumes. Lisboa: Divisão de Publicações e Biblioteca, Agência Geral das Colónias, 1947.
- Delachaux, Théodore, and Charles-E. Thiébaud. Pays et peuples d'Angola: études, souvenirs. Neuchâtel: Éditions Victor Attinger, 1934.
- Jordán, Manuel. Chokwe. New York: Rosen Pub. Group, 1998.
- Jordán, Manuel, ed. Chokwe!: art and initiation among Chowke and related peoples. Munich: Prestel-Verlag, 1998.
- Wastiau, Boris. Chokwe. Milan: 5 Continents, 2006.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Chokwe language — Chokwe Spoken in Angola … Wikipedia
Chokwe — may refer to: the Chokwe people (or Tchokwe) the Chokwe language Chokwe, Mozambique Chókwè District Chokwe, Malawi This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If an … Wikipedia
Chokwe (etnia) — Para otros usos de este término, véase chokwe. Estatua chokwe. Los chokwe son una etnia de África Central que habita actualmente en Angola, República Democrática del Congo y Zambia. Habla … Wikipedia Español
chokwe — ˈchäkwē noun (plural chokwe or chokwes) Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: Chokwe 1. a. : a scattered people of the southern Congo and northern Angola noted for the religious masks that they produce b … Useful english dictionary
Chokwe — ▪ people also spelled Ciokwe, or Cokwe, also called Bajokwe, or Badjok, Bantu speaking people who inhabit the southern part of Congo (Kinshasa) from the Kwango River to the Lualaba; northeastern Angola; and, since 1920, the… … Universalium
Chokwe, Mozambique — This article is about the city of Chokwe in Mozambique. For the Central African ethnic group, see Chokwe. Chokwe … Wikipedia
Southern Mbundu people — Not to be confused with Northern Mbundu people. (Southern) Mbundu person Ocimbundu people Ovimbundu language Umbundu … Wikipedia
Angola — Angolan, adj., n. /ang goh leuh/, n. a republic in SW Africa: formerly an overseas province of Portugal; gained independence Nov. 11, 1975. 10,623,994; 481,226 sq. mi. (1,246,375 sq. km). Cap.: Luanda. Formerly, Portuguese West Africa. * * *… … Universalium
Chikunga — In the Chokwe people of Central Africa, the chikunga is a sacred ceremonial mask. Of the many ceremonial masks, the chikunga is considered to be the most powerful, and it is only worn by the tribal chief. The chikunga mask is made by stretching… … Wikipedia
Pepetela — Artur Pestana called Pepetela Artur Carlos Maurício Pestana dos Santos (born in Benguela, Portuguese Angola, in 1941) is a major Angolan writer of fiction. He writes under the name Pepetela. A white Angolan, Pepetela fought as a member of the… … Wikipedia