- New Zealand–China Free Trade Agreement
The New Zealand – China Free Trade Agreement is a bilateral free trade agreement signed between the People's Republic of China and New Zealand in April 2008. It is the first free trade agreement that China has signed with any developed country, and New Zealand's largest trade deal since the 1983 Closer Economic Relations agreement with Australia. The New Zealand-China FTA was signed on 7 April 2008 in Beijing, after negotiations that spanned fifteen rounds over three years. It entered into force on 1 October 2008, after ratification by the New Zealand Parliament. The provisions of the agreement are expected to be phased in gradually over 12 years, fully coming into force in 2019.
Under the agreement, 37 per cent of Chinese exports to New Zealand and 35 per cent of New Zealand exports to China will be tariff free by October 2008. All tariffs for Chinese exports to New Zealand will be eliminated by 2016, and 96 per cent of New Zealand exports to China will be tariff free by 2019. Mutual investment and trade in services will also be facilitated.
The deal also allows 1,800 specialised workers to go from China to New Zealand for a period of up to three years. This however will be limited to approved occupations and to a maximum of 100 such workers in any sector, except for traditional Chinese medicine practitioners, Chinese chefs, and Mandarin teaching aides, which have maximums of 150 or 200. New Zealand will also establish a working holiday scheme enabling up to 1,000 young Chinese nationals annually to travel and work in New Zealand for up to 12 months. Both countries have agreed to enhance business visa conditions and processing.
The deal was welcomed by a number of New Zealand exporters including the dairy cooperative Fonterra and the New Zealand Seafood Industry Council, while others such as the appliance manufacturer Fisher & Paykel stated that the deal would lead to tougher competition with cheaper-priced Chinese products. The New Zealand Council of Trade Unions opposed the inclusion of workforce in the trade agreement stating that there is potential for skilled Chinese workers to be exploited and underpaid.
While the FTA enjoys the support of New Zealand's two largest political parties, Labour and National, the Green Party and the Māori Party opposed the agreement even before it was signed. Members of the Green Party protested against the signing of the deal, Keith Locke saying that easier access to cheap Chinese workforce could undermine New Zealand workers. Following the signing, New Zealand First announced that it opposed the deal. Public opinion has been divided; a poll published a week before the signing showed 45% supported the deal, while 32% opposed it.
The agreement has taken over three years to negotiate. On 19 November 2004, Helen Clark and President of the People's Republic of China, Hu Jintao announced the commencement of negotiations towards an FTA at the APEC Leaders meeting in Santiago, Chile. The first round of negotiations was held in December 2004. Fifteen rounds took place before the FTA was signed in April 2008 by New Zealand's Minister of Trade Phil Goff and the Chinese Minister of Commerce Chen Deming at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing.
- Comprehensive Economic Partnership for East Asia
- Sino-New Zealand relations
- New Zealand free trade agreements
- History of trade for the People's Republic of China
- ^ "Landmark Trade Deal Struck By China, New Zealand". Forbes.com. 2008-04-07. http://www.forbes.com/2008/04/07/china-nz-fta-markets-econ-cx_jc_0407markets2.html. Retrieved 2008-04-07.
- ^ a b c Dan Eaton (7 April 2008). "Landmark Chinese trade pact signed". Beijing: The Press. http://www.stuff.co.nz/4466946a27013.html.
- ^ Key outcomes, New Zealand - China Free Trade Agreement, New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade.
- ^ "Sealing the deal with China". TVNZ. 7 April 2008. http://tvnz.co.nz/view/page/1318360/1691151.
- ^ Temporary entry and employment, New Zealand - China Free Trade Agreement, New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade.
- ^ "Fonterra Welcomes Free Trade Agreement with China" (Press release). Fonterra. 7 April 2008. http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/BU0804/S00127.htm. Retrieved 2008-04-07.
- ^ "FTA with China opens opportunities for seafood" (Press release). New Zealand: Seafood Industry Council. 7 April 2008. http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/BU0804/S00124.htm. Retrieved 2008-04-07.
- ^ "Free trade deal does little to cheer up NZ exporters". TV3 (New Zealand). 9 April 2008. http://www.tv3.co.nz/News/Story/tabid/209/articleID/51850/cat/41/Default.aspx. Retrieved 2008-04-09.
- ^ "Historic trade deal signed with China" (Windows Media Player video). 7 April 2008. http://tv3.co.nz/VideoBrowseAll/PoliticsVideo/tabid/370/Default.aspx. Retrieved 2008-04-07. "We need to have some industry standards developed to ensure that these workers are protected and not exploited in their skills and not being paid the minimum wage – New Zealand Council of Trade Unions Vice-President Sharon Clair"
- ^ Hone Harawira, Maori Party opposes FTA with China. Press release, Maori Party, 1 April 2008.
- ^ Russel Norman, Trading away our integrity – for what?. Press release, Green Party, 7 April 2008.
- ^ "Openings for Chinese workers". TVNZ. 7 April 2008. http://tvnz.co.nz/view/page/410965/1691450. Retrieved 2008-04-07.
- ^ "Foreign Minister and party oppose FTA". NZPA. 8 April 2008. http://www.stuff.co.nz/4470482a19715.html. Retrieved 2008-04-09.
- ^ "Public divided over FTA, poll shows". NZPA. 31 March 2008. http://www.stuff.co.nz/4458404a11.html. Retrieved 2008-04-09.
- ^ "China, New Zealand ink FTA today". chinadaily.com.cn. 2008-04-07. http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2008-04/07/content_6594515.htm. Retrieved 2008-04-07.
- New Zealand - China Free Trade Agreement, New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade
- Full text of New Zealand - China Free Trade Agreement, New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade
Trade agreements involving the People's Republic of China ExistingBilateral PendingAwaiting
ProposedBilateralAustralia · Norway · Iceland · SwitzerlandMultilateralUnder considerationChina-Korea FTA Joint Feasibility Study · China-India Regional Trade Arrangement Joint Feasibility StudySuspended Foreign relations of the People's Republic of China AfricaAlgeria · Angola · Benin · Botswana · Burkina Faso · Burundi · Cameroon · Cape Verde · Central African Republic · Chad · Comoros · Congo, Democratic Republic of the · Congo, Republic of the · Côte d'Ivoire · Djibouti · Egypt · Equatorial Guinea · Eritrea · Ethiopia · Gabon · Gambia · Ghana · Guinea · Guinea-Bissau · Kenya · Lesotho · Liberia · Libya · Madagascar · Malawi · Mali · Mauritania · Mauritius · Morocco · Mozambique · Namibia · Niger · Nigeria · Rwanda · São Tomé and Príncipe · Senegal · Seychelles · Sierra Leone · Somalia · South Africa · South Sudan · Sudan · Swaziland · Tanzania · Togo · Tunisia · Uganda · Zambia · Zimbabwe AsiaAfghanistan · Armenia · Azerbaijan · Bahrain · Bangladesh · Bhutan · Brunei · Burma · Cambodia · China, Republic of (Taiwan) · East Timor · Georgia · India · Indonesia · Iran · Iraq · Israel · Japan · Jordan · Kazakhstan · Korea, North · Korea, South · Kuwait · Kyrgyzstan · Laos · Lebanon · Malaysia · Maldives · Mongolia · Nepal · Oman · Pakistan · Palestine · Philippines · Qatar · Russia · Saudi Arabia · Singapore · Sri Lanka · Syria · Tajikistan · Thailand · Turkey · Turkmenistan · United Arab Emirates · Uzbekistan · Vietnam · Yemen EuropeAlbania · Andorra · Austria · Belarus · Belgium · Bosnia and Herzegovina · Bulgaria · Croatia · Cyprus · Czech Republic · Denmark · Estonia · Finland · France · Germany · Greece · Hungary · Iceland · Ireland · Italy · Latvia · Lithuania · Luxembourg · Macedonia · Malta · Moldova · Monaco · Montenegro · Netherlands · Norway · Poland · Portugal · Romania · Russia · San Marino · Serbia · Slovakia · Slovenia · Spain · Sweden · Switzerland · Turkey · Ukraine · United Kingdom · Vatican City North AmericaAntigua and Barbuda · Bahamas · Barbados · Belize · Canada · Costa Rica · Cuba · Dominica · Dominican Republic · El Salvador · Grenada · Guatemala · Haiti · Honduras · Jamaica · Mexico · Nicaragua · Panama · Saint Kitts and Nevis · Saint Lucia · Saint Vincent and the Grenadines · Trinidad and Tobago · United States OceaniaAustralia · Fiji · Kiribati · Marshall Islands · Micronesia · Nauru · New Zealand · Palau · Papua New Guinea · Samoa · Solomon Islands · Tonga · Tuvalu · Vanuatu South AmericaArgentina · Bolivia · Brazil · Chile · Colombia · Ecuador · Guyana · Paraguay · Peru · Suriname · Uruguay · Venezuela Multilateral Diplomacy Foreign relations of New Zealand Bilateral relationsAustralia · China · Canada · Denmark · Fiji · France · Greece · India · Israel · Malaysia · North Korea · Norway · Pakistan · Russia · Turkey · United Kingdom · United States Multilateral relations New Zealand free trade agreements ExistingBilateralMultilateral ProposedBilateralMultilateral Economy of New Zealand Economic history Currency Government IndustryAustralian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification • Beer in New Zealand • Campaign Against Foreign Control of Aotearoa • International rankings of New Zealand • Kauri gum • KiwiSaver • Leaky homes crisis • Licensing Trust • Median household income in Australia and New Zealand • Mortgagee auction • New Zealand Business Roundtable • The New Zealand Institute • Social class in New Zealand • Tourism in New Zealand • Woodchipping Agreements
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
New Zealand – China Free Trade Agreement — The New Zealand ndash; China Free Trade Agreement is a bilateral free trade agreement signed between the People s Republic of China and New Zealand in April 2008. It covers a wide range of issues including defence, law and governance, human… … Wikipedia
New Zealand-China Free Trade Agreement — Das New Zealand China Free Trade Agreement ist ein bilaterales Freihandelsabkommen zwischen der Volksrepublik China und Neuseeland. Das Abkommen wurde im April 2008 unterzeichnet und hat eine Einführungszeit von 12 Jahren bis zur vollen In… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Australia-China Free Trade Agreement — The Australia China Free Trade Agreement is a proposed bilateral Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between the governments of Australia and China. The first round of negotiations began on May 26, 2005 [ [http://www.dfat.gov.au/geo/china/fta/050526… … Wikipedia
Free Trade Agreement — Ein Free Trade Agreement (FTA) ist ein Freihandelsabkommen, welches zwischen mindestens zwei Staaten geschlossen wird und Handelsbarrieren wie Zölle, Export /Importbeschränkungen und dergleichen abbauen soll. Folgende Abkommen führen diese… … Deutsch Wikipedia
China–Peru Free Trade Agreement — The China–Peru Free Trade Agreement (Spanish: Tratado de Libre Comercio Perú – China) is a bilateral free trade agreement designed to eliminate obstacles to trade and investment between China and Peru. The two sides concluded talks in… … Wikipedia
ASEAN–China Free Trade Area — ASEAN–China Free Trade Area Mantap Gan!! The ASEAN–China Free Trade Area (ACFTA), also known as the China–ASEAN Free Trade Area (s … Wikipedia
Dominican Republic–Central America Free Trade Agreement — Presidents Francisco Flores Pérez, Ricardo Maduro, George W. Bush, Abel Pacheco, Enrique Bolaños and Alfonso Portillo Note: Within this article, CAFTA refers to the agreement as it stood before January 2004, and DR CAFTA is used after that. Th … Wikipedia
New Zealand free trade agreements — New Zealand … Wikipedia
New Zealand — New Zealander. /zee leuhnd/ a country in the S Pacific, SE of Australia, consisting of North Island, South Island, and adjacent small islands: a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. 3,587,275; 103,416 sq. mi. (267,845 sq. km). Cap.: Wellington … Universalium
New Zealand dollar — Tāra o Aotearoa (Māori) ISO 4217 code NZD User(s) New Zealand … Wikipedia