- Chin peoples
Chin Elderly Chin woman from the Lemro River area, Rakhine State Regions with significant populations Chin State, Burma; Northeastern India; Eastern Bangladesh Burma 1.5 Million India 2.5 Million (1 Million in Mizoram) Bangladesh Languages Religion
The Chin (Burmese: ချင်းလူမျိုး; MLCTS: hkyang lu. myui:, pronounced [tɕɪ́ɴ lù mjó]), known as the Kuki in Assam, are one of the ethnic groups in Burma. The Chins are found mainly in western part of Burma (the Chin State) and numbered circa 1.5 million. They also live in nearby Indian states of Nagaland, Mizoram and Manipur and Assam. Owing to Mizo influence and Baptist missionaries' intervention, 80%-90% of the population are Christians. However, a sizable minority of the Chin adhere to their traditional tribal beliefs, as well as to Theravada Buddhism. A small group of individuals from Mizoram claimed that they are one of the lost tribes of Israel, that of Bnei Menashe tribe, some have since resettled in that country.
The Chin are one of the large ethnic minority groups in Burma. The Chin people are of Tibeto-Burman groups and they probably came to Burma, especially the Chindwin valley in the late 9-10 century AD. Most Chin people moved westward and they probably settled in the present Chin State around 1300-1400 AD. The original meaning of "Chin" remains obscure, though scholars have proposed various theories no widely-held consensus has been reached.
There are many tribes among the Chin people such as Daai,Zo, Thai, Tedim (who prefer to call themselves Zomi, as the word "Chin" is not in their own language; note the resemblance to Mizo of the neighbouring Mizoram state in India). Major tribes of the Chin include Asho, K'cho, Khumi, Zomi, Lai, Laizo, Laimi , Matu, Mara, etc. It would be relevant to mention also that they are related to the Kukis of Nagaland, Manipur and Assam. For want of a more acceptable common name, they are usually called the Chin-Kuki-Mizo people, bringing together the three most common names for them, whether given by outsiders or themselves. There are also ten of thousands of Chin people in Mizoram State, India, mainly in the area of the Lai Autonomous District Council, formerly part of Chhimtuipui District, and a sizable population also live in Churachandpur district of Manipur, consisting of smaller tribes like the Hmar, Paite, Simte, Zou,Gangte and others. Bawn tribe in Southern Mizoram State and Bangladesh are descendants of the Lai tribe. This Chin/Mizo/Zomi/Kuki people are scattered into three countries: Burma, Bangladesh, and India. The Chin speak several Kukish languages; Ethnologue lists 49 languages in this group, of which 20 contain the word "Chin" in their name.
Attempts to unify
The realisation that these are of one and share common dialectical root and customs even though separated by international and state boundaries brought about movements for Unification of the occupied territories and of the people. One of the first movements being the MNF (Mizo National Movement) which ended with the formation of the Mizoram State in India.
Traditionally, the Chin were animists. However, during the period of British colonialism, many converted to Christianity. Many Chins have also served as evangelists and pastors, spreading Christianity in places like the United States, Australia, Guam and India.
Some Chins claim to be descendants of the lost tribes of Israel and the Bnei Menashe consists of Jewish converts.
Global Chin community
Because of the current situation in Burma, thousands of Chins are scattered in Europe, the United States and Southeast Asia. Thousands of other Burmese Chin and Indian Chin workers are in the Persian Gulf states. Also to note American Baptist, British Anglican and Swedish Lutheran church groups helped relocate thousands of Chin followers.
- ^ Head, Jonathan, Burma's 'abused Chin need help', BBC News, Jan 28, 2009, Accessed Jan 28, 2009
- ^ Alexander, Amy (2009). Burma: "we are like forgotten people" : the Chin people of Burma : unsafe in Burma, unprotected in India. Human Rights Watch. p. 13. ISBN 2564324266. http://books.google.com/books?id=RJG70i1e1JEC&pg=PA13.
- ^ Ethnologue report for Kuki-Chin. Retrieved 2009-12-07.
- Zomi Chin News & Online Magazine
- All About Zomi/Chin
- Chin Bible
- Zomi Re-unification Organisation
- Chin National Front
- Chin Human Rights Organization
- Chin news media
- English - Zomi/Chin Online dictionary
- English - Chin Community in Norway
Government-classified ethnic groups in Burma (Myanmar) Kachin (12) Kayah (9)Kayah (Karenni) · Pale · Zayein · Ka-Yun (Kayan; Padaung) · Manu Manaw · Gheko · Yin Talai · Yin Baw · Kayinpyu (Geba Karen) Karen (11)Kayin (Karen) · Pa-Le-Chi · Mon Kayin (Sarpyu) · S'gaw · Ta-Hlay-Pwa · Paku · Bwe · Monpwa · Monnepwa · Shu (Pwo) Chin (53)Anu · Anun · Asho · Awa Khami · Bre (Ka-Yaw) · Chin · Dai (Yindu) · Dim · Eik-swair · Gunte (Lyente) · Guite · Haulngo · Ka-Lin-Kaw (Lushay) · Kaung Saing Chin · Kaungso · Kebar · Khawno · Kwangli (Sim) · Kwelshin · Kwe Myi · Lai (Haka Chin) · Laizao · Lawhtu · Laymyo · Lhinbu · Lushei (Lushay) · Lyente · Magun · Malin · Maramagyi · Matu · Meithei (Kathe) · Mgan · Mi-er · Naga · Ngorn · Oo-Pu · Panun · Rongtu · Saing Zan · Saline · Sentang · Tanghkul · Tapong · Tay-Zan · Thado · Tiddim (Hai-Dim) · Torr (Tawr) · Wakim (Mro) · Yin Gog · Za-How · Zahnyet (Zanniet) · Zizan · Zou · Zo-Pe · Zotung Bamar (9) Mon (1) Rakhine (7) Shan (33)Shan · Danaw (Danau) · Danu · Intha · Pa-O · Khamti Shan · Khmu (Khamu) · Kwi · Kokang · Lahu · Palaung · Shan Gale · Shan Gyi · Tai-Loi · Tai-Lem · Tai-Lon · Tai-Lay · Taishon · Taungyo · Wa (Va) · Yao · Yin Kya · Yin Net · Yun (Lao) · Man Zi · Pyin · Eng · Son · Kaw (Akha-E-Kaw) · Maw Shan · Maingtha · Hkun (Khün) Unrecognized
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Chin Hills — [chin] mountain range in NW Myanmar, along the Indian border: highest peak, c. 10,000 ft (3,050 m) * * * Mountainous region, northwestern Myanmar (Burma). Extending along the Indian border, it forms the central part of an arc that stretches from… … Universalium
Chin State — Not to be confused with Chinland (Lairam), the Laimi inhabited areas of Bangladesh, India and Burma (Myanmar). Chin State ချင်းပြည်နယ် State … Wikipedia
Chin Ning Chu — (朱津寧, pinyin: Zhū Jīnníng, 1947 2009) was a Chinese American business consultant, and a bestselling business management author in Asia and the Pacific Rim. Ms. Chin Ning Chu, internationally renowned speaker and bestselling author of worldwide… … Wikipedia
Chin Peng — This is a Chinese name; the family name is Chen. Chin Peng, former OBE (Traditional Chinese: 陳平, Simplified Chinese: 陈平, Mandarin Chén Píng) (born 1924), was born Ong Boon Hua (Mandarin: Wang Yonghua or Wang Wenhua Chinese: 王文華) in Sitiawan,… … Wikipedia
Chin (Volk) — Die Chin sind eine tibeto birmanische Volksgruppe in Südasien. Sie leben hauptsächlich im westlichen Myanmar, in der Verwaltungseinheit Chin Staat. Sie sind ebenfalls in den angrenzenden indischen Bundesstaaten Nagaland, Mizoram, Manipur und… … Deutsch Wikipedia
chin — chinless, adj. /chin/, n., v., chinned, chinning. n. 1. the lower extremity of the face, below the mouth. 2. the prominence of the lower jaw. 3. Informal. chin up. 4. keep one s chin up, to maintain a cheerful disposition in spite of difficulties … Universalium
Chin — /jin/, n. 1. Also, Tsin. any of three dynasties that ruled in China, A.D. 265 316 (the Western Chin), A.D. 317 420 (the Eastern Chin), and A.D. 936 46 (the Later Chin). 2. a dynasty that ruled in China 1115 1234. Also, Jin. * * * (as used in… … Universalium
Sino-Tibetan peoples — The term Sino Tibetan peoples is used to describe a people speaking a Sino Tibetan language.PeoplesSino Tibetan peoples are divided into two branches: Chinese peoples and Tibeto Burman peoples.*Chinese peoples: **Han Chinese **Hui **Dungan… … Wikipedia
Kuki-Chin — noun Kamarupan languages spoken in western Burma and Bangladesh and easternmost India • Syn: ↑Kuki, ↑Chin • Hypernyms: ↑Kamarupan * * * ˌkükēˈchin noun ( s) Usage: usually capitalized K&C … Useful english dictionary
Indigenous peoples of Arizona — Native Americans have inhabited what is now Arizona for thousands of years. In addition, the majority of the Navajo Nation, the largest Native American reservation in the US, and the entire Tohono O odham Nation, the second largest, are located… … Wikipedia