Indigenism


Indigenism

Indigenism, Native nationalism, or Indigenous nationalism is a kind of ethnic nationalism emphasizing the group's indigeneity to their homeland. This may be embraced by post-colonial anarchism as well as in neo-völkisch or national mysticist nationalism building on historical or pseudohistorical claims of ethnic continuity.

Contents

Definition

While New World movements usually go by the name indigenism (notably in South America and in Mexico, "indigenismo" is a political force), the term autochthonism is encountered for Eastern European and Central Asian nationalisms.[1] The term indigenism(o) as used in the Americas was popularized by Guillermo Bonfil Batalla (1935-1991) in Latin America in the 1970s to 1980s, and in the 1980s to 1990s by Ward Churchill (b. 1947) in the United States (From a Native Son).

The question of who is indigenous may be less than straightforward, depending on the region under consideration. Thus, for the New World, in the Americas as well as in Australia, the question is rather straightforward, while it is less easy to answer in the case of South Africa.[2]

"Autochthonism" is an issue especially in those parts of Europe formerly under Ottoman control, i.e. the Balkans and Romania (see rise of nationalism under the Ottoman Empire). Originating in the 19th century, autochthonist nationalism affected the area throughout the 20th century. Writing in 1937, Nichifor Crainic celebrated Gândirea's role in making nationalism and Orthodoxy priorities in Romania's intellectual and political life:

The term 'ethnic' with its meaning of 'ethnic specificity' imprinted in all sorts of expressions of the people, as a mark of its original properties, has been spread for 16 years by the journal Gândirea. The same thing applies to the terms of autochthonism, traditionalism, Orthodoxy, spirituality and many more which became the shared values of our current nationalist language.
[3]

Movements

See also

References

  1. ^ Leon Volovici, Nationalist Ideology and Antisemitism: The Case of Romanian Intellectuals in the 1930s, Vidal Sassoon International Center for the Study of Antisemitism Pergamon Press, 1991, ISBN 9780080410241, p. 80; Lucian Boia, History and Myth in Romanian Consciousness, Central European University Press, 2001, ISBN 9789639116979, p. 240. Karl Kaser, Elisabeth Katschnig-Fasch, Gender and Nation in South Eastern Europe: Anthropological Yearbook of European Cultures, Vol. 14, LIT Verlag Berlin-Hamburg-Münster, 2006, ISBN 9783825888022, p. 89.
  2. ^ Lee (2006), p. 459: "As Murumbi (1994) has pointed out, the black peoples of Africa, whether hunter-gatherers, herders, farmers, or city dwellers, can all claim great antiquity on the continent. Thus any distinctions between indigenous and non-indigenous must necessarily be invidious ones. A case in point: the Government of Botswana, home of over half of all the San peoples of Africa, refused to participate in the 1993–2003 UN Decade of the Indigenous People, on the grounds that in their country everyonewas indigenous (Mogwe, 1992). "
  3. ^ Crainic, in Caraiani, note 23
  4. ^ Adam H. Becker, The Ancient Near East in the Late Antique Near East: Syriac Christian Appropriation of the Biblical East in Gregg Gardner, Kevin Lee Osterloh (eds.) Antiquity in antiquity: Jewish and Christian pasts in the Greco-Roman world, p. 396, 2008, Mohr Siebeck, ISBN 9783161494116
  • Churchill, Ward (1996). From a Native Son. Boston: South End Press. ISBN 0896085538. 
  • Ronald Niezen, The Origins of Indigenism - Human Rights and the Politics of Identity, University of California Press (2003), ISBN 978-0-520-23554-0.
  • Richard Borshay Lee, "Twenty-first century indigenism", Anthropological Theory, Vol. 6, No. 4, 455-479 (2006)

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • indigenism — INDIGENÍSM s. n. 1. caracter indigen. 2. denumire generică pentru mişcările politico sociale din America Latină, care tind să includă populaţia indiană în civilizaţia modernă. (< germ. Indigenismus) Trimis de raduborza, 15.09.2007. Sursa: MDN …   Dicționar Român

  • Автохтонизм — (в Европе и США используется иной термин  Indigenism)  идеология или социальное учение, отстаивающая генетическую и/или языковую непрерывность населения той или иной территории. Автохтонизм получил широкое распространение в Европе в… …   Википедия

  • Richard J. F. Day — Infobox Philosopher region = Western Philosophy era = 20th century philosophy color = #B0C4DE name = Richard J. F. Day birth = c. birth year and age|1964 (Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada) school tradition = Continental Philosophy, Anarchism,… …   Wikipedia

  • Post-colonial anarchism — is a new tendency within the larger anarchist movement. The name is taken from an essay by Roger White, one of the founders of Jailbreak Press and a well known activist in North American APOC circles. Post colonial anarchism is an attempt to… …   Wikipedia

  • Spanish Modernist literature — is the literature of Spain written during the Modernism (beginning of the 20th century) as the arts evolved and opposed the previous Realism.Parnasianism and SymbolismThe influence of these two movements, which were developed in France since the… …   Wikipedia

  • Celtic anarchism — is a new tendency within the larger anarchist movement. It is not an ideology, but an attempt to bring together disparate aspects and tendencies within the existing anarchist movement and re envision them from a Celtic perspective. The tendency… …   Wikipedia

  • Ethnocentrism — is the tendency to believe that one s ethnic or cultural group is centrally important, and that all other groups are measured in relation to one s own. The ethnocentric individual will judge other groups relative to his or her own particular… …   Wikipedia

  • Nation state — For the ambiguities and specifications surrounding the terms nation, international, state, and country, see Nation. For the online video game, see Jennifer Government: NationStates. Part of the Politics series …   Wikipedia

  • Indigenous peoples — This article is about indigenous peoples in general. For links to articles about indigenous people in specific areas, see Indigenous peoples by geographic regions Brazilian indigenous chiefs of the Kayapo tribe …   Wikipedia

  • Mores — For other uses, see More (disambiguation). A 19th century children s book informs its readers that the Dutch were a very industrious race, and that Chinese children were very obedient to their parents (implicitly, relative to the British). Mores …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.