Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines


Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines
Incumbent
Renato Corona

since May 17, 2010
Style His/Her Honorable
Appointer Presidential appointment upon nomination by the Judicial and Bar Council
Term length Retirement at the age 70
Inaugural holder Cayetano Arellano
Formation June 11, 1901
Website Official Website
Philippines

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
the Philippines



Other countries · Atlas
 Philippine Government Portal
view · talk · edit

The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines presides over the Supreme Court of the Philippines and is the highest judicial officer of the government of the Philippines. The position is currently held by Renato Corona, who was appointed Chief Justice on May 17, 2010.

Contents

Duties

The power to appoint the Chief Justice lies with the President, who makes the selection from a list of 3 nominees prepared by the Judicial and Bar Council. There is no material difference in the process of selecting a Chief Justice from that in the selection of Associate Justices. As with the other Justices of the Supreme Court, the Chief Justice is obliged to retire upon reaching the age of 70, otherwise there is no term limit for the Chief Justice.

The Constitution does not ascribe any formal role to the Chief Justice other than as an ex-officio Chairman of the Judicial and Bar Council and as the presiding officer in any impeachment trial of the President. The Chief Justice is also required to personally certify every decision that is rendered by the Court. He or she carries only 1 vote out of 15 in the Court, and is generally regarded, vis-a-vis the other Justices, as the primus inter pares rather than as the administrative superior of the other members of the Court.

Still, the influence a Chief Justice may bear within the Court and judiciary, and on the national government cannot be underestimated. In the public eye, any particular Supreme Court is widely identified with the identity of the incumbent Chief Justice, hence appellations such as "The Concepcion Court", "The Fernando Court", or "The Puno Court". Moreover, the Chief Justice usually retains high public visibility, unlike the Associate Justices who tend to labor in relative anonymity, with exceptions such as Associate Justice J.B.L. Reyes in the 1950s to 1970s.

By tradition, it is also the Chief Justice who swears into office the President of the Philippines. One notable deviation from that tradition came in 1986. Due to the exceptional political circumstances culminating in the People Power Revolution, on February 25, 1986, Corazon Aquino took her oath of office as President before then Associate Justice Claudio Teehankee in San Juan just minutes before Ferdinand Marcos took his own oath of office also as President before Chief Justice Ramon Aquino. Marcos fled into exile later that night.

List of Chief Justices


No. Image Chief Justice Term of Office Appointed as chief justice by Law school
1 Cayetano arellano PG.jpg Cayetano Arellano June 11, 1901 — April 1, 1920 William McKinley (R) University of Santo Tomas
2 Victorino Mapa July 1, 1920 — October 31, 1921 Woodrow Wilson (D) University of Santo Tomas
3 Manuel Araullo November 1, 1921 — July 26, 1924 William Howard Taft (R) University of Santo Tomas
4 Ramón Avanceña April 1, 1925 — December 24, 1941 Calvin Coolidge (R) University of Santo Tomas
5 José Abad Santos December 24, 1941 — May 7, 1942 Manuel L. Quezon (NP) Northwestern University
6 José Yulo February 5, 1942 — July 9, 1945 Japanese Military Administration University of the Philippines
7 Manuel Moran July 9, 1945 — March 20, 1951 Sergio Osmeña (NP) Escuela de Derecho de Manila (present-day Manila Law College)
8 Ricardo Paras April 2, 1951 — February 17, 1961 Elpidio Quirino (LP) University of the Philippines
9 César Bengzon April 28, 1961 — May 29, 1966 Carlos P. Garcia (NP) University of the Philippines
10 Roberto Concepcion June 17, 1966 — April 18, 1973 Ferdinand Marcos (NP) University of Santo Tomas
11 Querube Makalintal October 21, 1973 — December 22, 1975 Ferdinand Marcos (NP) University of the Philippines
12 Fred Ruiz Castro January 5, 1976 — April 19, 1979 Ferdinand Marcos (KBL) University of the Philippines
13 Enrique Fernando July 2, 1979 — July 24, 1985 Ferdinand Marcos (KBL) University of the Philippines
14 Felix Makasiar July 25, 1985 — November 19, 1985 Ferdinand Marcos (KBL) University of the Philippines
15 Ramon Aquino November 20, 1985 — March 6, 1986 Ferdinand Marcos (KBL) University of the Philippines
16 Claudio Teehankee April 2, 1986 — April 18, 1988 Corazon Aquino (UNIDO) Ateneo de Manila University
17 Pedro Yap April 18 — July 1, 1988 Corazon Aquino (UNIDO) University of the Philippines
18 Marcelo Fernan July 1, 1988 — December 6, 1991 Corazon Aquino (UNIDO) University of the Philippines
19 Andres Narvasa December 8, 1991 — November 30, 1998 Corazon Aquino (UNIDO) University of Santo Tomas
20 Chiefjusticedavide.jpg Hilario Davide, Jr. November 30, 1998 — December 20, 2005 Joseph Estrada (LAMMP) University of the Philippines
21 Artemio Panganiban December 20, 2005 — December 7, 2006 Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (Lakas-CMD) Far Eastern University
22 Cjpuno.jpg Reynato Puno December 8, 2006 — May 17, 2010 Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (Lakas-Kampi-CMD) University of the Philippines
23 Renato Corona May 17, 2010 — present Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (Lakas-Kampi-CMD) Ateneo de Manila University
†-José Abad Santos was unable to preside over the Supreme Court of the Philippines due to the outbreak of World War II.

Timeline

Notable Chief Justices

  • Roberto Concepcion was reputedly so disappointed with the Court's ruling in Javellana v. Executive Secretary where the majority affirmed the validity of the Marcos Constitution despite recognizing the flaws in its ratification, that he retired 2 months prior to his reaching the mandatory retirement age of 70. 13 years later, after the ouster of Marcos, the 83-year old Concepcion was appointed a member of the 1986 Constitutional Commission tasked with drafting a new Constitution. Drawing from his experiences as Chief Justice in the early days of martial law, Concepcion introduced several new innovations designed to assure the independence of the Supreme Court, such as the Judicial and Bar Council and the express conferment on the Court the power to review any acts of government.
  • The longest period one person served as Chief Justice was 18 years, 294 days in the case of Cayetano Arellano, who served from 1901 to 1920. Arellano was 73 years, 29 days old upon his resignation, the greatest age ever reached by an incumbent Chief Justice, and a record unlikely to be broken with the current mandatory retirement age of 70.
  • The shortest tenure of any Chief Justice was that of Pedro Yap, who served as Chief Justice for 73 days in 1988. Other Chief Justices who served for less than a year were Felix Makasiar (85 days), Ramon Aquino (78 days) and Artemio Panganiban (352 days). Of these Chief Justices, all but Aquino left office upon reaching the mandatory retirement age of 70; Aquino resigned in 1986 after the newly-installed President Corazon Aquino asked for the courtesy resignations of all the members of the Court.
  • The oldest person appointed as Chief Justice was Pedro Yap, who was 69 years, 292 days old upon his appointment in 1988. Other persons appointed as Chief Justice in their 69th year were Felix Makasiar (69 years, 280 days old) and Artemio Panganiban (69 years, 13 days old). The youngest person named as Chief Justice was Manuel Moran, who was 51 years, 256 days old upon his appointment.
  • Claudio Teehankee, Sr. had to wait for nearly 18 years as Associate Justice before he was appointed as Chief Justice. He was twice bypassed by Ferdinand Marcos in favor a more junior Associate Justice before he was finally appointed Chief Justice by Corazon Aquino. Of the Filipino Associate Justices, Florentino Torres and J.B.L. Reyes served over 18 years in the Court without becoming Chief Justice. In contrast, Pedro Yap had served as Associate Justice for only 2 years, 10 days before he was promoted as Chief Justice.
  • The youngest Chief Justice to die was José Abad Santos, who was executed by the Japanese army in 1942 at age 56 years, 77 days. The youngest Chief Justice to die from non-violent causes was Fred Ruiz Castro, who died in 1979 of a heart attack inflight to India, at age 64 years, 231 days. Abad Santos, Castro and Manuel Araullo are the only Chief Justices to die while in office.

See also

External links

References

  • The Supreme Court E-library
  • Sevilla, Victor J. (1985). Justices of the Supreme Court of the Philippines Vol. I. Quezon City, Philippines: New Day Publishers. ISBN 971-10-0134-9. 
  • Sevilla, Victor J. (1985). Justices of the Supreme Court of the Philippines Vol. II. Quezon City, Philippines: New Day Publishers. ISBN 971-10-0137-3. 
  • Sevilla, Victor J. (1985). Justices of the Supreme Court of the Philippines Vol. III. Quezon City, Philippines: New Day Publishers. ISBN 971-10-0139-X. 

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chief Justice of the Philippine Supreme Court — The Chief Justice of the Philippine Supreme Court presides over the Supreme Court of the Philippines and is the highest judicial officer of the government of the Philippines. The position is currently held by Reynato Puno, who was appointed Chief …   Wikipedia

  • Supreme Court of the Philippines — The Supreme Court of the Philippines (Filipino: Kataas taasang Hukuman ng Pilipinas or Korte Suprema ) is the country s highest judicial court, as well as the court of last resort. The court consists of 14 Associate Justices and 1 Chief Justice.… …   Wikipedia

  • Court of Appeals of the Philippines — Philippines This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the Philippines …   Wikipedia

  • Chief Justice — The Chief Justice in many countries is the name for the presiding member of a Supreme Court in Commonwealth or other countries with an Anglo Saxon justice system based on English common law, such as the Supreme Court of Canada, the Constitutional …   Wikipedia

  • Court of Tax Appeals of the Philippines — Philippines This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the Philippines …   Wikipedia

  • Supreme Court of Indonesia — Supreme Court of the Republic of Indonesia Insignia of the Supreme Court Established August 18, 1945 Jurisdiction Indonesia …   Wikipedia

  • Supreme court — For specific national supreme courts, see List of national supreme courts. A supreme court is the highest court within the hierarchy of many legal jurisdictions. Other descriptions for such courts include court of last resort, instance court,… …   Wikipedia

  • Supreme court choir — The Supreme Court Choir of the Supreme Court of the Philippines may be considered as one of the busiest groups in the Court. Major functions of the Court will not be complete without the presence of the Choir. Its rendition of songs ranging from… …   Wikipedia

  • Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines — An Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines is one of 15 members of the Philippine Supreme Court, the highest court in the Philippines. The Chief Justice presides over the High Court, but carries only 1 of the 15 votes in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Legal education in the Philippines — is developed and offered by Philippine law schools, supervised by the Legal Education Board, and regulated by the Commission on Higher Education and the Supreme Court of the Philippines. Law degree programs are considered graduate programs in the …   Wikipedia


We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.