- Chicoasén Dam
Chicoasén Dam Official name Presa Manuel M. Torres Country Mexico Location Chicoasén, Chiapas Coordinates Coordinates: Status In use Construction began 1974 Opening date 1980 Owner(s) Comisión Federal de Electricidad Dam and spillways Height 261 m (856 ft) Length 485 m (1,591 ft) Impounds Grijalva River Reservoir Creates Chicoasén Reservoir Capacity 1,613,000,000 m3 (1,307,680 acre·ft) Catchment area 52,600 km2 (20,309 sq mi) Power station Commission date 1980-2005 Turbines 5 x 300 MW, 3 x 310 MW Francis turbines Installed capacity 2,430 MW
The Chicoasén Dam (officially known as Manuel M. Torres) is an embankment dam and hydroelectric power station on the Grijalva River near Chicoasén in Chiapas, Mexico. The dam's power plant, known as "Manuel Moreno Torres" contains 5 x 300 MW, 3 x 310 MW Francis turbine-generators. Torres was Comisión Federal de Electricidad's (the dam's owner) Director General in the later 1950s. The original generators were first operational in 1980 while the 310 MW units were ordered in 2000 and operational by 2005. Since then, the hydroelectric power station is the largest in Mexico. The dam was designed in the early 1970s and constructed between 1974 and 1980 under topographical and geological constraints. It is an earth and rock fill embankment type with a height of 261 m (856 ft) and length of 485 m (1,591 ft). It withholds a reservoir of 1,613,000,000 m3 (1,307,680 acre·ft) and lies at the head of a 52,600 km2 (20,309 sq mi) catchment area.
- Angostura Dam - upstream, first in Grijalva River cascade.
- Malpaso Dam - downstream, third in cascade.
- Peñitas Dam - fourth and last in cascade.
- ^ "Hydroelectric Power Plants in Mexico". Industcards. http://www.industcards.com/hydro-mexico.htm. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- ^ "Chicoasén Dam in Mexico". Chinese National Committee on Large Dams. http://www.chincold.org.cn/newsviewen.asp?s=3503. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- ^ A. A. Borovoi, I. S. Moiseev (1976). "Construction of the Chicoasen dam". Mexico. http://www.springerlink.com/content/q0839n1111uxp200/. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
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