- Queen's Gambit Declined, Elephant Trap
This sequence of opening moves usually indicates that Black intends to play the Cambridge Springs Defense with 5.Nf3 c6 6.e3 Qa5, but it can also lead to the Orthodox Defense if Black plays ...Be7. (The Cambridge Springs opening had not yet been invented in 1848 when Mayet–Harrwitz was played.)
Black has set a trap; if White tries to win a pawn by
- 5. cxd5 exd5
- 6. Nxd5??
- 6... Nxd5!
- 7. Bxd8 Bb4+
(See diagram.) Black regains the queen as White has only one legal move to get out of check.
- 8. Qd2 Bxd2+
Harrwitz played the equally good 8...Kxd8, intending 9...Bxd2+.
- 9. Kxd2 Kxd8
Black comes out a minor piece ahead.
- Barden, Leonard (1987). Play Better Chess, Revised Edition. Treasure Press. p24.
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