Charles W. H. Douglas


Charles W. H. Douglas
Sir Charles Douglas
Cdouglas.jpg
General Sir Charles W. H. Douglas
Born 17 July 1850(1850-07-17)
Cape of Good Hope, South Africa
Died 25 October 1914(1914-10-25) (aged 64)
London
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Years of service 1869 - 1914
Rank General
Unit 92nd Highlanders
Commands held 2nd Division
Southern Command
Battles/wars Second Boer War
World War I
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath

General Sir Charles Whittingham Horsley Douglas, GCB, ADC (17 July 1850 – 25 October 1914), was a British army officer serving as Chief of the Imperial General Staff (CIGS) during the first months of World War I.

Biography

He was born on 17 July 1850 and educated privately. He was commissioned into the 92nd Highlanders in 1869.[1]

Douglas served in Afghanistan between 1878 and 1880, went on the Suakin Expedition to Sudan in 1884 and served in South Africa during the Second Boer War from 1899 to 1902 and then became General Officer Commanding 2nd Division.[2] He was Adjutant-General to the Forces between 1904 and 1909, General Officer Commanding-in-chief for Southern Command, between 1909 and 1912 and then Inspector-General of Home Forces from 1912 to April 1914.[1]

On 6 April 1914, Douglas replaced Field-Marshal Sir John French as Chief of the Imperial General Staff (CIGS) and was thus in service at the outbreak of World War I. He did not have any major impact on the conduct of war during the first two and a half months, leaving strategic control to Field-Marshal Lord Kitchener as War Minister.[1]

Douglas, who had not been in the best of health, died on 25 October 1914 due to strain and overwork. His place was taken by General Sir James Murray on 30 October 1914.[1]

References

External links

Military offices
Preceded by
Francis Clery
General Officer Commanding the 2nd Division
1902–1904
Succeeded by
Bruce Hamilton
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Kelly-Kenny
Adjutant-General to the Forces
1904–1909
Succeeded by
Sir Ian Hamilton
Preceded by
Sir Ian Hamilton
GOC-in-C Southern Command
1909–1912
Succeeded by
Sir Horace Smith-Dorrien
Preceded by
Sir John French
Chief of the Imperial General Staff
1914–1914
Succeeded by
Sir James Murray

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