Characteristic earthquake


Characteristic earthquake

A characteristic earthquake is a repeating, large earthquake that occurs more frequently than local seismic monitoring would suggest.[1] Characteristic earthquakes are usually defined from paleoseismology observations.

This has important implications for seismic hazard calculations (and earthquake insurance rates). Basically, it implies that there is a section of a fault that has very little observed seismicity, but is a high hazard because the paleoseismic studies show a regular pattern of large earthquakes.

References



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