- Cham Islands
Cù lao Chàm
— Tân Hiệp Commune
Hoi An city
Quang Nam Province —
Coordinates: Coordinates: Country Vietnam Area – Total 5.8 sq mi (15 km2) Elevation 600 ft (183 m) Population – Total 3,000
The Cham Islands (Vietnamese: Cù lao Chàm) constitute a group of 8 small islands of Quảng Nam, which form a part of the Cu Lao Cham Marine Park, a world Biosphere Reserve recognized by UNESCO, in South China Sea in Vietnam. The islands are approachable from Cửa Đại beach. The islands are also recognized as Vietnam’s national scenic site.
The islands grouped under the Cham Islands are: the Hòn Lao (Pearl), Hòn Dài (long), Hòn Mồ (tomb), Hòn Khô mẹ, Hòn Khô con (dry), Hòn Lá (leaf), Hòn Tai (ear) and Hòn Ông (east wind). The Cham Islands are under the administration of Tân Hiệp Commune of Hoi An city in Quang Nam province.
The occupation of the people of the islands is mainly fishing.
Cu Lao Cham Islands' ancient landscape offers many sand beaches, forested hills and the sea. Facilities for camping, swimming and scuba diving are available. The corals and marine life are an attraction in these island waters.
The agglomeration of the one large island surrounded by seven small islands cover a sea area of 15 square kilometres (5.8 sq mi); located in South China Sea, 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) from the coast and 19 kilometres (12 mi) to the east of ancient Hoi An town.
The largest island, circular in shape, has an area of 1,317 hectares (3,250 acres) with an average altitude of 500 metres (1,600 ft); the two peaks seen on the island are: one a 517 metres (1,696 ft) peak in the centre of the island and another 326 metres (1,070 ft) peak at the western end. On this largest island, the two fishing villages are Bai Lang with docking piers and the smaller village is called Bai Huong. Bai Chong Beach is the most impressive beach on the island. The islands fall under the administrative jurisdiction of Hoi An and acts as a defensive wall for the ancient town.
Seafarers were attracted to these ancient islands for favourable anchorage facilities off the Bai Lang village on Hon Lao island where fresh water supply was also located. This is corroborated by early Chinese charts from 700 AD.
The islands are approached by canoeing over three hours journey or by speed boats in about half hour from the nearest coastal shore point.
Archaeologists claim that Cu Lao Cham was first settled by Cham people about 3,000 years ago. However, business contacts were established with other countries about 1,000 years ago. The Cham islands were used for transhipment to the mainland by the Cham. Many architectural monuments dated to the 18th and 20th century are reported, which include Than Yen Sao shrine built in 1843 at Bai Huong, and Hai Tang Pagodas built in 1753 on the western hillside of Hon Lao. Small monuments, Dikes and basins to grow rice on terraces are also seen in the interior forest areas.
The rich aquatic resources of the islands consist of 165 hectares (410 acres) of coral and 500 hectares (1,200 acres) of sea weeds. 135 species of coral, four species of tiger shrimp and 84 species of mollusc are also found in the waters surrounding the islands; some of these species are listed in the Vietnam’s and the World’s Red Book of Endangered Species. Medicinal plants have also been inventoried on the islands.
The traditional resources of the Cham people of the islands comprise rice farming, fishing, trading in pepper, cinnamon bark, ivory and wood with neighbouring countries, accessed through the port of Hoi An.
The islands are known for the Salanganes (Swallows) whose nests have been a source of revenue to the local people. These are in demand as a delicacy, favoured by the rich and famous. The popular expensive Chinese dish made out of these nests is the bird's nest soup. The nests and nest harvesters can be seen on a clear day on the hills of the islands. Thus, Swallow nest harvesting has become an industry in the islands, which provides important revenue to the state. The annual Swallow harvest is reported to be about 1.4 tons, valued at US$4,000 per kilogram.
- ^ a b c "Cham Island, UNESCO recognition as a global biosphere reserve". Vivu Travel. http://www.vivutravel.com/index.php/travel-news/455-Cham-Island-UNESCO-recognition-global-biosphere-reserve.html. Retrieved 2010-05-03. [dead link]
- ^ Ray, Nick; Yu-Mei Balasingamchow and Iain Stewart (2009). Vietnam. Lonely Planet. pp. 262–263. ISBN 741791596. http://books.google.co.in/books?id=ZqOLmYD-0l4C&pg=PA261&dq=Cham+islands&hl=en&ei=jQXbS6iGGtCxrAe9te2-Dw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CEMQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=Cham%20islands&f=false. Retrieved 2010-05-03.
- ^ a b c "Cham island eyes world biosphere reserve recognition" (pdf). Vietnam Net Bridge. 2008-01-07. http://www.net-lanna.info/biodiversity/Abstract/53006159.pdf. Retrieved 2010-05-03.
- ^ Viet Nam Administrative Atlas. Cartographic Publishing House, Hanoi 2010
- ^ Pham, Sherisse (2010). Frommer's Vietnam. Frommer's. p. 228. ISBN 0470526602. http://books.google.co.in/books?id=S_goLURt0AgC&pg=PA228&dq=Cham+islands&hl=en&ei=jQXbS6iGGtCxrAe9te2-Dw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CDoQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Cham%20islands&f=false. Retrieved 2010-05-03.
- ^ a b c d e f g "Cu Lao Cham, the beautiful offshore island". vietnam-beauty.com. http://www.vietnam-beauty.com/beautiful-beaches/vietnames-central-beaches/19-vietnames-central-beaches/234-cu-lao-cham-the-beautiful-offshore-island.html. Retrieved 2010-05-04.
- ^ a b Donoghue, John D. (1962). Cam An: a fishing village in central Vietnam. Michigan State University Vietnam Advisory Group. pp. 3, 19. http://books.google.co.in/books?id=KIFCAAAAYAAJ&q=Cham+islands&dq=Cham+islands&hl=en&ei=9wjbS5qXLsm8rAeDgNGzDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5&ved=0CEsQ6AEwBDgK. Retrieved 2010-05-03.
- ^ a b c "About Our Region". Cham Islands (Cu Lao Cham). Karma waters. http://www.karmawaters.com/regional-history.phtml. Retrieved 2010-05-04.
- ^ Hardy 2009, 108
- ^ Pham, p.206
- Hardy, Andrew (2009): "Eaglewood and the Economic History of Champa and Central Vietnam" in Hardy, Andrew et al.: Champa and the Archeology of My Son (Vietnam). NUS Press, Singapore
Districts of South Central Coast (Nam Trung Bo), Vietnam Da Nang Quang Nam province Quang Ngai province Binh Dinh provinceQui Nhon · An Lao · An Nhon · Hoai An · Hoai Nhon · Phu Cat · Phu My · Tuy Phuoc · Tay Son · Van Canh · Vinh Thanh Phu Yen province Khanh Hoa province
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Cham — may refer to: Cham Albanians, also spelled as Çam, a people originating in northern Greece of Albanian descent Cham (Asia), a people living in Vietnam and Cambodia Cham language, the language of the Cham people Cham script, the script of the Cham … Wikipedia
Islands and peninsulas of Hong Kong — Hong Kong comprises the Kowloon peninsula and 236 islands, the largest being Lantau Island and the second largest being Hong Kong Island. Ap Lei Chau is the most densely populated island in the world. [http://www.find mba.com/university/346/city… … Wikipedia
Cham Albanians — This article is about the dialectological group of ethnic Albanians of Northwestern Greece. For an overview of different communities of Albanian origin in Greece, see Albanian communities in Greece. For other uses of the word Cham, see Cham… … Wikipedia
Cu Lao Cham Marine Park — Cu Lao Cham Biosphere Reserve Cham Islands Marine Park The Main Island Cu Lao Cham Marine Park Cham Islands Marine Park … Wikipedia
List of islands in the South China Sea — Islands in the South China Sea includes the South China Sea Islands (Spratly Islands, Pratas Islands, Paracel Islands and Macclesfield Bank), islands on the China coast, on the Vietnam coast, on the Borneo coast, and the peripheral islands of… … Wikipedia
Spratly Islands — This article is about islands in the South China Sea. For people called Spratly, see Spratly (surname). Spratly Islands Disputed islands Spratly Islands Geography … Wikipedia
List of islands of Vietnam — The following is a list of islands of Vietnam:*Halong Bay Islets *Co To Islands *Bach Long Vi *Cu Lao Cham *Cu Lao Xanh *Phu Quy *Con Son (Con Dao) *Can Gio fluvial islands *Phu Quoc *Hon Khoai *Con Co *Ly Son *Cat Ba *Tho Chau *Hon Treee also*… … Wikipedia
Shui Cham Tsui Pai — (Chinese: 水浸咀排) is one of the 235 islands of Hong Kong, under the administration of North District. It is located in Starling Inlet (沙頭角海), north east of Hong Kong … Wikipedia
Nam Trung Bộ — Coordinates: 15°41′49.51″N 108°25′26.66″E / 15.6970861°N 108.4240722°E / 15.6970861; 108.4240722 … Wikipedia
Southeast Asian arts — Literary, performing, and visual arts of Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, and the Philippines. The classical literatures of Southeast Asia can be divided into three major regions: the Sanskrit region of… … Universalium