Hylarana

Hylarana
Hylarana
A bronzed frog (Hylarana temporalis)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Ranidae
Subfamily: Raninae
Genus: Hylarana
Tschudi, 1838
Type species
Hyla erythraea
Schlegel, 1837
Synonyms[1]
  • Amnirana Dubois, 1992
  • Chalcorana Dubois, 1992
  • Hydrophylax Fitzinger, 1843
  • Hylorana Günther, 1864
  • Limnodytes Duméril and Bibron, 1841
  • Papurana Dubois, 1992
  • Pulchrana Dubois, 1992
  • Sylvirana Dubois, 1992
  • Tenuirana Fei, Ye, and Huang, 1990
  • Tylerana Dubois, 1992
  • Zoodioctes Gistel, 1848

Hylarana is a widespread genus of true frogs found in tropical Africa, Asia, and Australia. It includes around 86 species.

Contents

Taxonomy

Hylarana was previously considered to be a subgenus of the genus Rana. It was recognized as a distinct genus in 2005.[2][3] Several genera were further split from Hylarana in 2006 but are now treated again as junior synonyms of Hylarana.[1]

Hylarana belongs to the subfamily Raninae of the true frog family Ranidae.[1]

Distribution

Species of Hylarana are found from Sri Lanka to the Western Ghats of India, through Nepal and southern China and Taiwan, down to Southeast Asia to the Philippines and Papua New Guinea, and in Northern Australia. They are also found in tropical Africa.[3]

Species

Hylarana currently contains around 86 species, they are the following:[1][3][4]

Hylarana aurantiaca
Hylarana guentheri
Hylarana latouchii
Hylarana malabarica
Hylarana macrodactyla
Hylarana moellendorffi
Hylarana nigrovittata
Hylarana taipehensis
  • Hylarana albolabris (Hallowell, 1856)
  • Hylarana albotuberculata (Inger, 1954)
  • Hylarana amnicola Perret, 1977
  • Hylarana arfaki (Meyer, 1875)
  • Hylarana asperrima Perret, 1977
  • Hylarana attigua (Inger, Orlov, and Darevsky, 1999)
  • Hylarana aurantiaca (Boulenger, 1904) - golden frog, small wood frog, common wood frog
  • Hylarana aurata (Günther, 2003)
  • Hylarana banjarana (Leong and Lim, 2003)
  • Hylarana baramica (Boettger, 1900) - masked rough-sided frog, golden-eared rough-sided frog, Baram River frog, or brown marsh frog
  • Hylarana celebensis (Peters, 1872)
  • Hylarana chalconota (Schlegel, 1837)
  • Hylarana chitwanensis (Das, 1998)
  • Hylarana crassiovis (Boulenger, 1920)
  • Hylarana cubitalis (Smith, 1917)
  • Hylarana daemeli (Steindachner, 1868) - Australian wood frog
  • Hylarana darlingi (Boulenger, 1902)
  • Hylarana debussyi (Van Kampen, 1910)
  • Hylarana elberti (Roux, 1911)
  • Hylarana erythraea (Schlegel, 1837) - common green frog, green paddy frog, leaf frog, or red-eared frog
  • Hylarana eschatia (Inger, Stuart, and Iskandar, 2009)
  • Hylarana everetti (Boulenger, 1882)
  • Hylarana faber (Ohler, Swan, and Daltry, 2002)
  • Hylarana florensis (Boulenger, 1897) - Floresian frog
  • Hylarana fonensis (Rödel and Bangoura, 2004)
  • Hylarana galamensis (Duméril and Bibron, 1841)
  • Hylarana garoensis (Boulenger, 1920)
  • Hylarana garritor (Menzies, 1987)
  • Hylarana glandulosa (Boulenger, 1882) - rough-sided frog or glandular frog
  • Hylarana gracilis (Gravenhorst, 1829) - Gravenhorst's frog
  • Hylarana grandocula (Taylor, 1920)
  • Hylarana grisea (Van Kampen, 1913)
  • Hylarana guentheri (Boulenger, 1882) - Günther's frog
  • Hylarana hekouensis Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2008 - Hekou frog
  • Hylarana igorota (Taylor, 1922)
  • Hylarana jimiensis (Tyler, 1963)
  • Hylarana kampeni (Boulenger, 1920)
  • Hylarana kreffti (Boulenger, 1882)
  • Hylarana labialis (Boulenger, 1887) - forest white-lipped frog
  • Hylarana laterimaculata (Barbour and Noble, 1916) - lesser swamp frog
  • Hylarana latouchii (Boulenger, 1899)
  • Hylarana lemairei (De Witte, 1921)
  • Hylarana leptoglossa (Cope, 1868) - long-tongued frog, Cope's Assam frog, or Cope's frog
  • Hylarana lepus (Andersson, 1903)
  • Hylarana longipes (Perret, 1960)
  • Hylarana luctuosa (Peters, 1871) - mahogany frog or purple frog
  • Hylarana luzonensis (Boulenger, 1896)
  • Hylarana macrodactyla Günther, 1858 - Guangdong frog, three-striped grass frog, or marbled slender frog
  • Hylarana macrops (Boulenger, 1897)
  • Hylarana malabarica (Tschudi, 1838) - fungoid frog
  • Hylarana mangyanum (Brown and Guttman, 2002)
  • Hylarana maosonensis Bourret, 1937
  • Hylarana margariana Anderson, 1879
  • Hylarana megalonesa (Inger, Stuart, and Iskandar, 2009)
  • Hylarana melanomenta (Taylor, 1920)
  • Hylarana menglaensis Fei, Ye, and Xie, 2008
  • Hylarana milleti (Smith, 1921)
  • Hylarana milneana (Loveridge, 1948)
  • Hylarana mocquardi (Werner, 1901)
  • Hylarana moellendorffi (Boettger, 1893)
  • Hylarana moluccana (Boettger, 1895)
  • Hylarana montivaga (Smith, 1921)
  • Hylarana mortenseni (Boulenger, 1903)
  • Hylarana nicobariensis (Stoliczka, 1870)
  • Hylarana nigrovittata (Blyth, 1856) - sapgreen stream frog
  • Hylarana novaeguineae (Van Kampen, 1909)
  • Hylarana occidentalis (Perret, 1960)
  • Hylarana papua (Lesson, 1826)
  • Hylarana parkeriana (Mertens, 1938)
  • Hylarana parvacola (Inger, Stuart, and Iskandar, 2009)
  • Hylarana persimilis (Van Kampen, 1923)
  • Hylarana picturata (Boulenger, 1920) - spotted stream frog
  • Hylarana raniceps (Peters, 1871)
  • Hylarana rufipes (Inger, Stuart, and Iskandar, 2009)
  • Hylarana scutigera (Andersson, 1916)
  • Hylarana siberu (Dring, McCarthy, and Whitten, 1990) - Siberut Island frog
  • Hylarana signata (Günther, 1872) - striped stream frog
  • Hylarana similis (Günther, 1873)
  • Hylarana spinulosa (Smith, 1923)
  • Hylarana supragrisea (Menzies, 1987)
  • Hylarana taipehensis (Van Denburgh, 1909) - two-striped grass frog
  • Hylarana temporalis (Günther, 1864) - bronzed frog
  • Hylarana tipanan (Brown, McGuire, and Diesmos, 2000)
  • Hylarana tytleri Theobald, 1868
  • Hylarana volkerjane (Günther, 2003)
  • Hylarana waliesa (Kraus and Allison, 2007)

See also


References

  1. ^ a b c d Darrel Frost and the American Museum of Natural History. "Hylarana Tschudi, 1838". Amphibian Species of the World 5.5, an Online Reference. http://research.amnh.org/vz/herpetology/amphibia/?action=references&id=21440. 
  2. ^ Liqiao Chen, Robert W. Murphy, Amy Lathrop, Andre Ngo, Nikolai L. Orlov, Cuc Tho Ho, & Ildiko L. M. Somorjai (2005). "Taxonomic Chaos in Asian Ranid Frogs: An Initial Phylogenetic Resolution". Herpetological Journal 15: 231–243. ISSN 1175-5334. http://labs.eeb.utoronto.ca/murphy/PDFs%20of%20papers/ChenAsian%20Ranids.pdf. 
  3. ^ a b c Anna Gawor, Ralf Hendrix, Miguel Vences, Wolfgang Böhme, & Thomas Ziegler (2009). "Larval morphology in four species of Hylarana from Vietnam and Thailand with comments on the taxonomy of H. nigrovittata sensu latu (Anura: Ranidae)". Zootaxa (Magnola Press) 2051: 1–25. ISSN 1175-5334. 
  4. ^ Ramlah Zainudin, Mustafa A. Rahman, Badrul Munir M. Zain, M.N. Shukor, R.F. Inger, & A. Norhayati (2010). "Mating Calls Description of Five Species of Frogs from the Genus Hylarana Tschudi 1838 (Amphibia, Anura, Ranidae) from Sarawak, Malaysia". Sains Malaysiana 39 (3): 363–369. http://www.ukm.my/jsm/pdf_files/SM-PDF-39-3-2010/04%20ramlah%20indd.pdf. 

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»