- Gato class submarine
The United States Navy "Gato" class
submarinedesign was rushed into production in 1940 and was the forerunner of all US World War IIsubmarine designs. The class was 77 strong and sunk more than 1,700,000 tons of Japanese shipping. New construction of the class began in 1941 as the war in Europeescalated. More than half the class was built at Electric Boatat Groton, Connecticut; 3 new slipways were added to the north yard to accommodate their production.
The "Gato" class served mainly in the
Pacificocean but they did operate from the Caribbeanand the Atlanticfor short periods of time. In the latter case, in support of Operation Torch, the allied landings in North Africain 1942. Gato class submarines "Flasher", "Rasher", and "Barb" obtained the first three places in the league table of confirmed sinkings by US submarines in World War II. The "Gato" class was responsible for sinking three Japanese submarines - "I-29", "I-168" and " 1-351".
The "Gato" class was initially plagued by the problems with the
Mark 14 torpedoin the early war years. These tended to run too deep, explode prematurely, run erratically or circularly, or fail to detonate. These problems were identified and were largely solved by late 1943, allowing the "Gato" class to accumulate prolific numbers of tonnage sunk.
Several "Gato" class submarines were installed with new equipment. "Herring" used
bathythermographin covert operations, "Haddock" was fitted with the type SJ surface surveillance radar and "Muskellunge" was the first US submarine to be armed with electrically powered torpedoes. "Barb" became the first submarine to fire rockets while "Grouper" was fitted with a primitive combat information centre.
At the end of
World War II, the "Gato" class were moved into the training roles and some of the class were converted into radar picketboats. Some of the class did see action with the US 7th fleet off Vietnamin 1966. "Tunny" was converted to carry the Regulus missileand served from 1953 to 1965 in this role. "Redfin" was used in trials of inertial guidance systems for the Polaris missilesubmarines after 1959.
The last active boat was "Rock" which was decommissioned in September 1969 and sunk as a target.
Six "Gato"s are on display in the
United States. USS|Cavalla|SS-244|3 is at Seawolf Park, USS|Cobia|SS-245|3 is at the Wisconsin Maritime Museum, and USS|Drum|SS-228|3 is at Battleship Memorial Park. The USS|Cod|SS-224 is on display in Cleveland. It does not have doors cut through its pressure hull nor stairwells added. The USS|Croaker|SS-246 is on display in Buffalo, New York, and the USS|Silversides|SS-236 is on display in Muskegon, Michigan.
A few highlights
* formed the basis of the largest class of American submarines ever built, counting the USS|Balao|SS-285|2 & USS|Tench|SS-417|2, which weren't substantially different.
Howard W. Gilmore, earned the Sub Force's first combat Medal of Honorfor ordering his boat to dive after he was wounded 7 February 1943by fire from provision ship "Hayasaki" and was unable to reach the hatch in time.
* In USS|Grunion|SS-216|2,
Mannert L. Abeleearned the Sub Force's first Navy Cross, when his boat vanished off Kiskain July 1942.
* was the only U.S. boat in the
Pacific Warlost to grounding.
* became famous in Edward L. "Ned" Beach's book "Submarine!" (which was a kind of
*, commanded by the Sub Force's most famous skipper, Dudley W. "Mush" Morton, was the first U.S. sub into the
Sea of Japan. She was sunk exiting in 1943 after a second excursion.
* sank Japanese tank reinforcements which were en route to Iwo Jima.
* was the top-scoring U.S. boat of the war, with 100,231 tons officially credited to her by the Joint Army-Navy Assessment Committee
* was commanded by
Samuel D. Dealey, the only submariner of the war (perhaps the only one ever) to sink five enemy destroyers, four in a single patrol.
* was lent to the Japanese after the war, under the name "Kuroshio".
* sank the carrier "Shokaku". "Shokaku" had participated in the attack on Pearl Harbor.
* sank the carrier "Taiho".Taiho was the flagship of Ozawa's fleet during the
Battle of the Philippine Sea
* went to the rescue of a grounded Dutch submarine O-19, taking its crew on board and destroying the submarine when it could not be gotten off the reef, the only international submarine-to-submarine rescue in history.
* —w2c|:Category:Submarines of the United States
* "Submarines, War Beneath The Waves, From 1776 To The Present Day", By Robert Hutchinson
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Mackerel class submarine — The Mackerel class submarines were a pair of experimental prototype submarines built just prior to the World War II. The two submarines were similar in size and capability to the S class submarines built at the end of World War I, and had been… … Wikipedia
Tench class submarine — Class overview Builders: Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Electric Boat Company, Boston Navy Yard[1 … Wikipedia
Balao class submarine — The Balao class was a successful design of United States Navy submarine used during World War II, and at 128 copies built, the largest class of submarines in the United States Navy. An improvement on the earlier Gato class, the boats had slight… … Wikipedia
Barracuda (SS-550) class submarine — The Barracuda class submarines were the product of Project Kayo, a research and development effort begun immediately after World War II by the United States Navy to solve the problem of using submarines to attack and destroy enemy submarines. The … Wikipedia
K class submarine (Soviet) — The K class were the largest submarines built for the Soviet Navy in the World War II era. A total of twelve boats were built in the Baltic for the Soviet Northern Fleet. K1 to K23 were transferred prior to the German Invasion. K51 to K56 were… … Wikipedia
United States O class submarine — For other ships of the same name, see O class submarine. USS O 1 (SS 62) lead ship of her class in dry dock at Portsmouth Nary Yard in September 1918 … Wikipedia
Thresher/Permit class submarine — The Thresher/Permit class of United States Navy nuclear attack submarines was the replacement for the Skipjack class. They were used primarily in the 1960s and 1970s and were replaced by the Sturgeon and Los Angeles classes, and were the result… … Wikipedia
United States Porpoise class submarine — The Porpoise class were submarines built for the United States Navy in the late 1930s, and incorporated a number of modern features that would make them the basis for subsequent classes such as the Salmon , Tambor , Gato , Balao , and Tench… … Wikipedia
Gato — is a Spanish and Portuguese word for cat. Gato may also refer to:People*Gato Barbieri, a Latin jazz musician *Pat Tanaka, a Hawaiian wrestler *Gastón Gaudio, an Argentinian tennis playerFiction and Media* Gato (Naruto), a character in the anime… … Wikipedia
Gato (computer game) — Infobox VG title = GATO developer = Spectrum Holobyte publisher = Spectrum Holobyte designer = Paul Arlton Ed Dawson released = vgy|1983 genre = Submarine simulator modes = Single player platforms = PC, Apple IIe, Atari XE media = Floppy disk… … Wikipedia