Pavel Cherenkov


Pavel Cherenkov
Pavel Cherenkov

Born 15 July 1904 (1904-07-15)
Voronezh Oblast, Russian Empire
Died 6 January 1990 (1990-01-07) (aged 85)
Moscow, Soviet Union
Nationality Russian
Fields Nuclear physics
Institutions Lebedev Physical Institute
Alma mater Voronezh State University
Doctoral advisor Sergey Vavilov
Known for Characterizing Cherenkov radiation
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Physics (1958)

Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov (Russian: Павел Алексеевич Черенков, 1904–1990) was a Soviet physicist who shared the Nobel Prize in physics in 1958 with Ilya Frank and Igor Tamm for the discovery of Cherenkov radiation, made in 1934.

Contents

Biography

Cherenkov was born in 1904 to Aleksey and Maria Cherenkov in the small village of Novaya Chigla in present day Voronezh Oblast, Russia.

He graduated from the Department of Physics and Mathematics of Voronezh State University in 1928, and in 1930 he took a post as a senior researcher in the Lebedev Institute of Physics. That same year he married Maria Putintseva, daughter of A.M. Putintsev, a Professor of Russian Literature. They had two children, a son, Aleksey, and a daughter, Elena.

Cherenkov was promoted to section leader, and in 1940 he was awarded the degree of Doctor of Physico-Mathematical Sciences. In 1953 he was confirmed as Professor of Experimental Physics. Starting in 1959, he headed the institute's photo-meson processes laboratory. He remained a professor for fourteen years. In 1970 he became an Academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences.

Cherenkov died in Moscow on January 6, 1990, and was buried in Novodevichy Cemetery.

Discoveries in physics

In 1934, while working under S.I. Vavilov, Cherenkov observed the emission of blue light from a bottle of water subjected to radioactive bombardment. This phenomenon, associated with charged atomic particles moving at velocities greater than the speed of light in the local medium, proved to be of great importance in subsequent experimental work in nuclear physics, and for the study of cosmic rays. Eponymously, it was dubbed the Cherenkov effect, as was the Cherenkov detector, which has become a standard piece of equipment in atomic research for observing the existence and velocity of high-speed particles. The device was installed in Sputnik 3.

Pavel Cherenkov also shared in the development and construction of electron accelerators and in the investigation of photo-nuclear and photo-meson reactions.

Awards and honours

Cherenkov was awarded two Stalin Prizes, the first in 1946, sharing the honor with Vavilov, Frank and Tamm, and another in 1952. He was also awarded the USSR State Prize in 1977. In 1958 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of the Cherenkov effect.[1] He was also awarded the Soviet Union's Hero of Socialist Labour title in 1984. Cherenkov was a member of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

References

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pável Cherenkov — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pável Alekseyevich Cherenkov Pável Cherenkov …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pavel Cherenkov — Pavel Tcherenkov Pavel Tcherenkov Pavel Alekseyevitch Tcherenkov (russe : Павел Алексеевич Черенков), né à Nijniaïa Tchigla dans l oblast de Voronej le 28 juillet 1904 et mort à Moscou le 6 janvier 1990, est un phys …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pavel Cherenkov — n. Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov (1904 1990), Russian physicist, winner of the 1958 Nobel prize in Physics (together with Ilya Mikhailovich Frank and Igor Yevgenyevich Tamm) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov — Infobox Scientist imagesize =150px birth date = 15 July 1904 birth place = Voronezh Oblast, Russia death date = 6 January 1990 death place = Moscow, Russia nationality = Russian field = Physics work institutions = alma mater = doctoral advisor =… …   Wikipedia

  • Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov — n. Pavel Cherenkov (1904 1990), Russian physicist, winner of the 1958 Nobel prize in Physics (together with Ilya Mikhailovich Frank and Igor Yevgenyevich Tamm) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Cherenkov radiation — [tʃə rɛŋkɒf] (also Cerenkov radiation) noun Physics electromagnetic radiation emitted by particles moving in a medium at speeds faster than that of light in the same medium. Origin 1940s: named after the Soviet physicist Pavel Cherenkov …   English new terms dictionary

  • Cherenkov radiation — glowing in the core of the Advanced Test Reactor …   Wikipedia

  • Cherenkov , Pavel Alekseyevich — Cherenkov (or Cerenkov ), Pavel Alekseyevich (1904–1990) Soviet physicist Cherenkov came from a peasant family in Voronezh, Russia, and was educated at the university there, graduating in 1928. From 1930 he was a member of the Lebedev Institute… …   Scientists

  • Cherenkov — is a common Russian surname, which may refer to: Fyodor Cherenkov (born 1959), Soviet and Russian footballer Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov (1904–1990), Soviet physicist and a recipient of the Nobel Prize in physics in 1958 See also Cherenkov… …   Wikipedia

  • Cherenkov — puede hacer referencia a: Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov, físico soviético, ganador del Premio Nobel de Física en 1958. Radiación de Cherenkov, un tipo de radiación electromagnética. Cherenkov (Telescopio) o IACT, para la detección de rayos gamma… …   Wikipedia Español