'Are'are people


'Are'are people

‘Are‘are is the name of a people from the south of the island of Malaita, which is part of the Solomon Islands. Their language is the 'Are'are language, which is part of the Austronesian language family. In 1999 there were an estimated 17,800 speakers,[1] up from about 8-9,000 in the 1970s.[2]

Prior to colonisation and subsequent independence, the 'Are'are occupied a much larger geographical area encompassing parts of Guadalcanal and Makira, as well as Malaita. This included the northern part of Makira known as Arosi and the eastern part of Guadalcanal known today as Marau Sound. In the past they lived in hamlets in the mountainous hinterland, or on the banks of lagoons in the southwest or the Mara Masika Strait (separating Malaita and South Malaita islands), but during colonization many coastal villages were established.

Traditionally, they practiced subsistence agriculture of taro, yams, and sweet potatoes, as well as raising pigs and fishing. During colonization they were encouraged to export copra and raise cattle on a small scale.[2]

The southern and northern zones differ in their political organization, with the south led by hereditary chieftains, while the north follows the self-made big man structure common in Melanesia. Both the hereditary and non-hereditary leaders are known as aaraha.[2]

The traditional religion was ancestor worship, but during colonization, Christianity made big inroads, and by the mid-1970s at least half of the population was converted.[3] Bible portions were first translated in 1957.[1] About half belong to the South Seas Evangelical Church, and half to either the Catholic Church or Anglican Church of the Province of Melanesia. The former do not permit traditional music which is seen as related to the ancestral spirits, deemed "devils."[3]

The 'Are'are known for their complex panpipe music, which was studied by ethnomusicologist Hugo Zemp.

References

  1. ^ a b 'Are'are language at Ethnologue
  2. ^ a b c Zemp, Hugo. Liner notes to Solomon Islands: 'Are'are Panpipe Ensembles. Le Chant du Monde LDX 274961.62, 1994. Page 58.
  3. ^ a b Zemp, 59



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • People Are People — Single par Depeche Mode extrait de l’album Some Great Reward Face A People Are People Face B In Your Memory Sortie 12 mars 1984 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • People Are People — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para el EP del mismo título, véase People Are People (EP). «People Are People» Sencillo de Depeche Mode del álbum Some Great Reward Lado B «In Your Memory» …   Wikipedia Español

  • People Are People (EP) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para la canción, véase People Are People. People Are People EP de Depeche Mode Publicación 2 de julio de 1984 G …   Wikipedia Español

  • People Are People — Сборник …   Википедия

  • People Are People — Single infobox Name = People Are People Artist = Depeche Mode from Album = Some Great Reward B side = In Your Memory Released = March 12 1984 Format = Vinyl record (7 and 12 ), CD (1991 box set) Recorded = 1984 Genre = Synthpop Length = 7 3:43 12 …   Wikipedia

  • People Are People — Chartplatzierungen Erklärung der Daten Singles[1] People Are People   DE …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • People Are People (álbum) — People Are People es un EP de Depeche Mode (Martin Gore, Alan Wilder, David Gahan, Andrew Fletcher) publicado en 1984, destinado exclusivamente al continente americano. Fue producido por Daniel Miller y el grupo. Junto con el álbum Black… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • People Are People (album) — Infobox Album | Name = People Are People Type = compilation Artist = Depeche Mode Released = July 2 1984 flagicon|US flagicon|Canada Recorded = 1981 1984 Genre = Synth pop, new wave, industrial rock Length = 43:01 Label = Sire Producer = Depeche… …   Wikipedia

  • Teachers are People — est un court métrage d animation américain de la série de Dingo, sorti le 27 juin 1952 aux États Unis, réalisé par les studios Disney. Sommaire 1 Synopsis 2 Fiche technique 3 Commentaires …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fathers Are People — est un court métrage d animation américain de la série de Dingo, sorti le 21 octobre 1951 aux États Unis, réalisé par les studios Disney[1]. Sommaire 1 Synopsis 2 Fiche technique …   Wikipédia en Français