- Joseph Wood Krutch
Joseph Wood Krutch (pronounced "krootch") (
November 25, 1893– May 22, 1970) was an American writer, critic, and naturalist.
Knoxville, Tennessee, he initially studied at the University of Tennesseeand received a masters degreeand Ph.D.from Columbia University. After serving in the army in 1918, he then travelled in Europefor a year with friend Mark Van Doren. Afterwards, he worked as teacher at Brooklyn Polytechnic.
He became a theater critic for "
The Nation" and wrote several books, gaining acclaim through a work critical of the impact of science and technology, "The Modern Temper" (1929). He also wrote biographies of Samuel Johnsonand Henry David Thoreauin the 1940s, altogether completing a dozen volumes of literary biography and theatrical history. Throughout his life he wrote thirty-five books altogether.
He worked as a professor at
Columbia Universityfrom 1937 to 1953.
Arizonain 1952, he wrote books about natural issues of ecology, the southwestern desertenvironment, and the natural history of the Grand Canyon, winning renown as a naturalist and conservationist. These writings expressed a yearning for a simpler, more contemplative life. " If you drive a car at 70 m.p.h. , you can't do anything but keep the monster under control," he expressed.
He died in Tucson at age 76 from
colon cancerin 1970. One of the last interviews with Krutch before his death was conducted by Edward Abbeyand appears in Abbey's 1988 book "One Life at a Time, Please" (ISBN 0-8050-0603-6).
Many of Krutch's manuscripts and typescripts are held by the
University of Arizona, where the Joseph Wood Krutch Cactus Garden was named in his honor in 1980.
* "The Modern Temper" (1929)
* "Samuel Johnson" (1944)
* "Henry David Thoreau" (1948)
* "The Twelve Seasons" (1949)
* "The Desert Year" (1951)
* "The Best of Two Worlds" (1953)
* "The Measure of Man" (1954)
* "The Voice of the Desert" (1954)
* "The Great Chain of Life" (1956)
* "The Grand Canyon: Today and All Its Yesterdays" (1957)
* "Human Nature and the Human Condition" (1959)
* "The Forgotten Peninsula" (1961)
* "More Lives Than One" (1962)
* "And Even If You Do; Essays on Man, Manners and Machines" (1967)
* "The Best Nature Writing of Joseph Wood Krutch" (anthology, University of Utah Press, 1995; ISBN 0-87480-480-9)
* "The World of Animals; A treasury of lore and literature by great writers and naturalists from the 5th century B.C. to the present" (1961)
* [http://www.uagrad.org/Alumnus/Spring02/cactus.html "The Joseph Wood Krutch Cactus Garden"] , University of Arizona "Alumnus Magazine," spring 2002.
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