- Charlotte Blair Parker
Charlotte Blair Parker Born Ca 1858
Died January 5, 1937
Great Neck, NY
Occupation Playwright Nationality USA
Charlotte Blair Parker (1858 - January 5, 1937) was a noted playwright and aspiring actress in the late 19th and early 20th Centuries. She began her theatrical career as an actress, eventually playing opposite John Edward McCullough, Mary Anderson, and Dion Boucicault. Writing under the pen name Lottie Blair Parker, she wrote about a dozen produced plays but is remembered most for three popular stage plays produced between 1897 and 1906: Way Down East, Under Southern Skies and The Redemption of David Corson. Of the three, Way Down East, produced in 1898, was the most successful, proving to be one of the most popular American plays of its time, steadily performed for two decades
Born 1858, in Oswego, New York, Charlotte Blair Parker was the daughter of George and Emily Hitchcock Blair. She married Harry D. Parker. Charlotte Blair Parker died January 5, 1937, in Great Neck, New York.
Charlotte "Lottie" Blair Parker's theatrical career started as an actress, studying for the stage under the noted Shakespearian actor, Wyzeman Marshall in Boston. She performed with the stock company of the Boston Theatre, and later toured with such major figures as the Czech tragic actress Mme. Janauschek and American actor-producer of poetic drama Lawrence Barrett. Parker married a theatrical manager. She turned to playwriting when White Roses, a one-act play she submitted to a New York Herald contest in 1892, received honorable mention.
Way Down East
In 1897, at the age of 39, Parker penned her most popular full-length play, titled "Way Down East." It was a sentimental melodrama about the travails of a seduced woman, Anna Moore, who is cast out by those who learn her story. After being seduced and losing the child of that liaison, Anna Moore ( Phoebe Davies) wanders despondently until she finds refuge as a servant in the New England farm of Squire Bartlett (played by Odell Williams). Ignorant of her past, the Bartletts embrace her as part of their household. But when Squire Bartlett learns her history he drives her from his home in the midst of a raging snowstorm. Anna loses her way and nearly dies before she is rescued by the Bartletts' son, David (played by Howard Kyle). He has come to love her and finally persuades his parents that she is worthy to be his wife. Way Down East premiered at the Manhattan Theatre in 1898 where it enjoyed 152 performances. It was later revised by Joseph R. Grismer, whose wife, Phoebe Davis, played the leading role of Anna Moore in the original production and in later revivals in 1903 and 1905. Davis would go on to play the role for more than 4,000 performances. 
In 1920 D. W. Griffith paid $175,000 for screen rights to the melodrama, which was by then considered dated. His film version was a popular success and an artistic triumph, largely because of the sweetly expressive face of Lillian Gish. 
Way Down East (1898), a play by Lottie Blair Parker, revised by Joseph R. Grismer. [Manhattan Theatre, 152 perf.] Although the William A. Brady–Florenz Ziegfeld production was little more than a compilation of settings and motifs popular in melodrama of the period, it was praised for its restraint and honesty. The play became one of the greatest successes of the American stage and held the boards for nearly two decades. Davies, who was Mrs. Grismer in private life, played the role over four thousand times. Lottie Blair PARKER (1868–1937) was born in Oswego, New York, and began her theatrical career as an actress, eventually playing opposite John McCullough, Mary Anderson, and Dion Boucicault. She wrote about a dozen produced plays, including White Roses (1892) and Under Southern Skies (1901), but none was as popular as Way Down East.
Critics saw a strong resemblance between Way Down East and Steele MacKaye's 1880 melodrama Hazel Kirke, in which Parker had once played the title role. Both plays feature an innocent girl who loves a man above her station in life and is duped by a sham marriage ceremony. Upon her learning of her dishonor, Hazel Kirke throws herself into the mill race. In Way Down East, Anna Moore is sent out into a New England blizzard. In both plays, the heroine is rescued at the last minute and a reconciliation is effected. The originality of Parker's treatment lies in her use of "Down East" atmosphere and such comic characters as Hi Holler, Martha Perkins, and Reuben Whipple.
Under Southern Skies
Under Southern Skies was set in Louisiana in 1875. It opened November 12, 1901, with Grace George in the leading role. True to its reviewer's prediction, the play was a popular success with "that large class of playgoers who like their color on thick without too much delicacy of shading, and with no great subtlety in the handling." This criticism was intended metaphorically, but it might also be noted that several roles were performed in black-face. As in Way Down East, the heroine is caught between a false-hearted cad and an honorable young suitor; again, virtue triumphs.
The Redemption of David Corson
Parker's third full-length play to reach Broadway was The Redemption of David Corson, based upon a novel of the same title by Charles Frederic Goss. It premiered January 8, 1906 but had a short life of only 16 performances. In 1909, Parker focused on the New England village milieu, Yankee characters, and rustic dialect, when she turned the novel Homespun: A Story of Some New England Folk, into a stage play. She used the formula of her stage melodramas—a conflict between a rich scoundrel and a poor-but-honest young man. A review of Homespun in the New York Times (14 Aug. 1909) sums up her characteristic manner: "It is as moral as a Sunday school tale, and at the end pleases if not surprises the reader by the tableau of virtue triumphant and vice in the dust."  
Chronology of theatrical productions/compositions
Productions Genre Contribution by Lottie B. Parker Dates of Productions Way Down East  Play, Melodrama, Original, Broadway Written by Lottie Blair Parker; Revised by Joseph R. Grismer February 7, 1898 - June, 1898 (Manhattan Theatre, NYC - 152 Performances) Under Southern Skies  Play, Melodrama, Original, Broadway Written by Lottie Blair Parker; Produced by William A. Brady November 12, 1901 - January, 1902 (Theatre Republic, NYC - 71 Performances) Lights of Home  Play, Melodrama, Original, Broadway Written by Lottie Blair Parker. November 2, 1903 - Closing date unknown (Haverly's 14th Street Theatre, NYC) Way Down East  Play, Melodrama, Revival, Broadway Written by Lottie Blair Parker; Revised by Joseph R. Grismer December 14, 1903 - Closing date unknown (Academy of Music, NYC - 48 Performances) Way Down East  Play, Melodrama, Revival, Broadway Written by Lottie Blair Parker; Revised by Joseph R. Grismer August 21, 1905 - October, 1905 (Academy of Music, NYC - 64 Performances) The Redemption of David Corson  Play, Melodrama, Original, Broadway Written by Lottie Blair Parker; from the novel by Rev. Charles Frederic Goss January 8, 1906 - January 19, 1906 (Majestic Theatre - 16 Performances) Hearts of Love  Hollywood Silent Film Actress: Lottie Blair Parker plays Rose Neville; Director: J. Charles Haydon; Writer: Thomas Bedding. Released: November, 1918
- ^ The Oxford Companion to American Theatre, 2004
- ^ Thomas Hardy on Screen Terence R. Wright, Page 56
- ^ Way Down East: A Romance of New England Life by Joseph R. Grismer, Grossett & Dunlap, 1900
- ^ The Sounds of Early Cinema By Richard Abel, Rick Altman, Page 229
- ^ Lottie Blair Parker's New Play, New York Times, November 7, 1905
- ^ $100,000 IN ESTATE OF LOTTIE B. PARKER; 'Way Down East' Author Left Property to 31 Persons and Three Institutions, New York Times, March 10, 1937
- ^ Internet Broadway Database: Way Down East
- ^ Internet Broadway Database: Under Southern Skies
- ^ Internet Broadway Database: Lights of Home
- ^ Internet Broadway Database: Way Down East
- ^ Internet Broadway Database: Way Down East
- ^ Internet Broadway Database: The Redemption of David Corson
- ^ Internet Movie Database: Hearts of Love
- Parker, L. B., "The Writer's Thoughts Concerning Her Play," in Green Book Album (October, 1911).
- New York Dramatic Mirror (August 27, 1901). New York Times (February 8, 1898; November 13. 1901; January 9, 1906).
- The Stage (New York) (January, 1937; August, 1937).
- Drama by Women to 1900: A Bibliography of American and British Writers by Davis and Joyce
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Charlotte Rae — Rae at the 1988 Emmy Awards Born Charlotte Rae Lubotsky April 22, 1926 (1926 04 22) (age 85) Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S … Wikipedia
Charlotte York — Dieser Artikel behandelt die Fernsehserie Sex and the City. Der gleichnamige Kinofilm findet sich unter Sex and the City (Film). Seriendaten Originaltitel: Sex and the City Produktionsland: USA Produktionsjahr(e): 1998–2004 Episodenlänge: etwa 30 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Manhattan Theatre — The Manhattan Theatre, directly across from Greeley Square at Sixth Avenue and 33rd Street, was located at 102 West 33rd Street, in New York, NY. It was a 1100 seat theatre which opened in 1875 as the Eagle Variety Theatre, and later re named the … Wikipedia
Wyzeman Marshall — (born September 1815; died December 6, 1896) was a stage actor in New York City and Boston between the 1820s and 1870s, as well as a teacher of oration and elocution. He often shared the same stage with Edwin Booth, noted brother of assassin John … Wikipedia
women in the profession — The modern era was one of great change for women working in the theatrical profession. From the 18th century beginnings of American theatre, women had been present as actresses, and sometimes as managers, but other opportunities seemed closed … The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater
List of Neighbours characters (2007) — The following is a list of characters that first appeared in the Network Ten soap opera Neighbours in 2007, by order of first appearance. They were all introduced by the show s executive producer Ric Pellizzeri. The 23rd season of Neighbours… … Wikipedia
performing arts — arts or skills that require public performance, as acting, singing, or dancing. [1945 50] * * * ▪ 2009 Introduction Music Classical. The last vestiges of the Cold War seemed to thaw for a moment on Feb. 26, 2008, when the unfamiliar strains … Universalium
List of All My Children characters — This is a list of some of the major characters that appear (or have appeared) on the ABC Daytime soap opera All My Children. Contents: Top · 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z … Wikipedia
List of Neighbours characters (2003) — The following is a list of characters that first appeared in the Network Ten soap opera Neighbours in 2003, by order of first appearance. Ric Pellizzeri took over the role of executive producer from Stanley Walsh, who left the show in November… … Wikipedia
Playoffs NBA 2010 — Los Playoffs de la NBA de 2010 es el ciclo de cierre al torneo de la temporada 2009 2010 de la NBA. En Estados Unidos, la fase de los Playoffs también se denomina post temporada y es la llave para conseguir el título definitivo de la NBA. Trofeo… … Wikipedia Español