Chamaephytes or dwarf-shrubs are plants that bear hibernating bud on persistent shoots near the ground – woody plants with perennating buds borne close to the ground, no more than 25 cms above soil surface. Chamaephytes are especially important in stressful environments for example in alpine, arctic or dry ecosystems often in combination with herbivors and nutrient poor soils or on rocks. Prominent examples are thyme (Thymus vulgaris, submediterranean dry ecosystems), the different heather species (e.g. Calluna vulgaris, nutrient poor grazing systems), African wild olive (Olea europaea ssp. cuspidata, overgrazed semiarid savanna) and edelweiss (Leontopodium alpinum, alpine grasslands).

ee also

Raunkiær plant life-form

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  • chamaephyte — cham ae*phyte (k[a^]m [ e]*f[imac]t), n. [Gr. chamai on the ground + phyte.] a perennial plant that sets its dormant vegetative buds just at or above the surface of the ground. [PJC] || …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • chamaephyte — [kam′i fīt΄] n. [< ModL chamae , low, on the ground (< Gr chamai: see CHAMELEON) + PHYTE] any plant with buds near ground level …   English World dictionary

  • chamaephyte — noun Etymology: Greek chamai on the ground + English phyte more at humble Date: 1913 a perennial plant that bears its perennating buds just above the surface of the soil …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Chamaephyte — Dans la classification de Raunkiær, les chamaephytes sont des plantes basses dont les bourgeons se situent près du sol, pas plus de 20 cm dans les régions froides et de 100 cm dans les régions chaudes. Portail de la botanique Caté …   Wikipédia en Français

  • chamaephyte — /kam euh fuyt /, n. Bot. a plant having dormant vegetative buds at, or slightly above, ground level. [1910 15; < Gk chamaí on the ground + PHYTE] * * * …   Universalium

  • chamaephyte — noun Any low perennial plant whose buds overwinter just above soil level …   Wiktionary

  • chamaephyte — [ kamɪfʌɪt] noun Botany a woody plant whose resting buds are on or near the ground. Origin early 20th cent.: from Gk khamai on the ground + phyte …   English new terms dictionary

  • chamaephyte — cham·ae·phyte …   English syllables

  • chamaephyte — cham•ae•phyte [[t]ˈkæm əˌfaɪt[/t]] n. bot a plant having buds near ground level • Etymology: 1910–15; < Gk chamaí on the ground + phyte …   From formal English to slang

  • chamaephyte — n. a plant whose buds are on or near the ground. Etymology: Gk khamai on the ground + PHYTE …   Useful english dictionary

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