Demographic history of Serbia

Demographic history of Serbia

This article presents the demographic history of Serbia through census results. See Demographics of Serbia for a more detailed overview of the current demographics from 2002 census.


Middle Ages


Serbian Empire ~1350
note that Serbia at the time included whole Albania, Montenegro, Republic of Macedonia, two thirds of Greece and smaller parts of Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia.

According to Dušan's Code, the legal code of the Emperor of the Serbs and Greeks Dušan the Mighty, the people of the Serbian Empire were:

People 1349
Arbanasi (Albanians) (mostly in Albania and some in Thessaly)
Saxons (Germanics) (mostly in miners' settlements)


The years after the Serbian Revolution saw frequent border changes of Serbia amidst the disintegration of the Austrian Empire and the Ottoman Empire.

Total population:

  • 1834: 678,192
  • 1841: 828,895
  • 1843: 859,545
  • 1846: 915,080
  • 1850: 956,893
  • 1854: 998,919
  • 1859: 1,078.281
  • 1863: 1,108.668

1866 census in Serbia

1878 census in Serbia

  • TOTAL = 1,669,337[2]

1895 census in Serbia

1921 census in Serbia

The 1921 census in Serbia (without Vojvodina, but including Kosovo and Macedonia)

1948 census in Serbia

1953 census in Serbia

1961 census in Serbia

1971 census in Serbia

1981 census in Serbia

1991 census in Serbia (including Kosovo)

  • TOTAL (official estimation) = 9,778,991 (registered 8,182,141)
  • Serbs = 6,446,595 (65.92%)
  • Albanians (official estimation) = 1,674,353 (17.12%), registered 87,372
  • Hungarians = 343,800 (3.52%)
  • Yugoslavs = 323,643 (3.31%)
  • Muslims by nationality (official estimation) = 246,411 (2.52%), registered 237,980
  • Roma (official estimation) = 140,237 (1.43%), registered 138,799
  • Montenegrins = 139,299 (1.42%)
  • Croats = 105,406 (1.08%)

1991 census in Serbia (excluding Kosovo)

2002 census in Serbia (excluding Kosovo)

2011 census in Serbia (excluding Kosovo)

The 2011 census will give its results on October 15, 2011.[3]

Ethnic maps of the territory of present-day Serbia


See also

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