Foot orienteering


Foot orienteering

Sport



imagesize = 212px
caption = The international orienteering symbol
union = International Orienteering Federation
nickname =
first = 28 May 1893, Stockholm, Sweden
registered =
clubs =
contact = Non-contact
team = Individual
mgender = Separate categories
category = Outdoor
ball =
olympic =

Foot orienteering (foot-O) is the oldest formal orienteering sport, and the one with the most "starts" per year.Fact|date=October 2008 Usually, a foot-O is a timed race in which participants start at staggered intervals, are individually timed, and are expected to perform all navigation on their own. The control points are shown on the orienteering map and must be visited in the specified order. Standings are determined first by successful completion of the course, then by shortest time on course.

Foot-O is one of four orienteering sports governed by the International Orienteering Federation.

History

The history of orienteering begins in the late 19th century in Sweden, the actual term "orienteering" was first used in 1886 and meant the crossing of unknown land with the aid of a map and a compass.cite web|url=http://www.orienteering.org/i3/index.php?/iof2006/iof/past_present|title=Past & present|publisher=International Orienteering Federation|language=English|accessdate=2008-09-28] The first orienteering competition open to the public was held in Norway in 1897. Notable dates for member nations of the IOF are shown below.

First public event National body founded First national championships First international event Other
Norway 1897
Sweden 1901 1936 (SOFT) 1937
Australia (OA)
Canada [http://www.orienteering.ca/history_COF.htm] (Retrieved on October 10, 2008) ] 1967 (COF) 1968 (Gatineau Park) 1976?
New Zealand (NZOF)
UKDisley, John, "Orienteering", Faber & Faber, London, 1978.] 1962 1967 (BOF) 1962 (Dunkeld) 1976 (Darnaway Forest)
US (USOF)

International championships

* World Orienteering Championships
* Junior World Orienteering Championships
* European Orienteering Championships

References


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