Calcium titanium oxide


Calcium titanium oxide

Calcium titanium oxide, also known as perovskite, is a chemical compound and mineral species with the chemical formula CaTiO3.

The mineral was discovered in the Ural mountains of Russia by Gustav Rose in 1839 and is named after Russian mineralogist, L. A. Perovski (1792-1856).

It lends its name to the class of compounds which have the same type of crystal structure as CaTiO3, known as the perovskite structure.

Occurrence

Perovskite is found in contact metamorphic rocks.

It is found in some silica-undersaturated igneous rocks, such as nepheline syenite and melilitite, and rare carbonatites.

Perovskite also is a common mineral in the Ca-Al-rich inclusions (CAIs) found in some chondritic meteorites.


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