- Social unit
Social unit is a term used in
sociology, anthropology, ethnology, and also in animal behaviour studies, zoologyand biologyto describe an social entity which is part of, and particpates in, a larger social group, or society. Dimitrie Gustidefined that "social units", are groups of humans linked by a voluntary organizing activities and interconnected spiritually, of which society is composed [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dimitrie_Gusti#Theory] .
A different use of "social unit" is where it may be used to mean a discrete transactable commodity within a society.
ome Social Units in the 21st Century Human Anglosphere
Any such list will be inherently culturally and temporally embedded, and hence problematic to order. Some social units in the 21st Century
human Anglosphere, roughly in order of number of unit members and secondly in order of power are:
stateless person, asylum seeker, refugee
Village, town, city
"A "social unit" has (1) and identity of its own, separate from those of its members, (2) "recurrent and patterned" interactions, (3) members who identify themselves partly in terms of the unit..., (4) goals distinct from those of its members, (5) a division of labour, or differentiated goals attend to the goals. This is a pluralist definition, because autonomous entities that have properties or variables are simply assumed to exist. "Societies" are even defined as a "very large number" of social units with authority patterns (Eckstein and Gurr, 1975, P. 23). The problems of analyzing the relations at the societal level among the state, society, and economy, however conceived, are eliminated at one conceptuial stroke by the way the characteristics of social units are defined.
"A pluralist world view is therefore embedded in the fundamental conception of the unit of analysis and its properties. The view of bureaucracy emphasizes individual commitment to values and the common goals shared by all members of a hierarchical social unit" [P. 122 "Powers of Theory: Capitalism, the State, and Democracy" By Robert R. Alford, Roger Friedland, Published by Cambridge University Press, 1985, ISBN 0521316359, 9780521316354]
Margaret Archersays "...it is perfectly conceivable that any social unit, from a community to a civilization, could be found the principle ideational elements (knowledge, belief, norms, language, mythology, etc.) of which do display considerable logical consistency -- that is, the components are consistent not contradictory -- yet the same social unit may be low on causal consensus. " [M. Archer (1988) Culture and Agency: The Place of Culture in Social Theory, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2004 edition] (2004:4)
It is plain that the vaster the social unit, the less possible is true democracy." Lanark, p.289
Alasdair Gray NGL Hammond: "Epirus was a land of milk and animal products...The social unit was a small tribe, consisting of several nomadic or semi-nomadic groups, and these tribes, of which more than seventy names are known, coalesced into large tribal coalitions, three in number: Thesprotians, Molossians and Chaonians...We know from the discovery of inscriptions that these tribes were speaking the Greek language (in a West-Greek dialect)." (1994). Philip of Macedon. London, UK: Duckworth.
For Hanifan, social capital referred to:
"those tangible substances [that] count for most in the daily lives of people: namely good will, fellowship, sympathy, and social intercourse among the individuals and families who make up a social unit....The individual is helpless socially, if left to himself....If he comes into contact with his neighbor, and they with other neighbors, there will be an accumulation of social capital, which may immediately satisfy his social needs and which may bear a social potentiality sufficient to the substantial improvement of living conditions in the whole community. The community as a whole will benefit by the cooperation of all its parts, while the individual will find in his associations the advantages of the help, the sympathy, and the fellowship of his neighbors." [Putnam, Robert. (2000), "Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community" (Simon and Schuster)]
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social unit — noun an organization regarded as part of a larger social group the coach said the offensive unit did a good job after the battle the soldier had trouble rejoining his unit • Syn: ↑unit • Derivationally related forms: ↑unitize (for: ↑unit … Useful english dictionary
social unit — a person or a group of persons, as a family, functioning as a unit in society. [1870 75] * * * … Universalium
social unit — noun An entity which is part of, and participates in, a larger social group or society … Wiktionary
Social capital — is a concept in business, economics, organizational behaviour, political science, public health, sociology and natural resources management that refers to connections within and between social networks. Though there are a variety of related… … Wikipedia
Social network — For other uses, see Social network (disambiguation). Sociology … Wikipedia
Unit. — Unitarian. * * * abbrev Unitarian * * * u|nit «YOO niht», noun, adjective. –n. 1. a single thing or person; individual member or part (of a group or number of things or individuals): »to regard husband and wife as the primary units of the family … Useful english dictionary
unit — u|nit W3 [ˈju:nıt] n ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(group)¦ 2¦(measuring)¦ 3¦(part)¦ 4¦(part of a book)¦ 5¦(product)¦ 6¦(part of a machine)¦ 7¦(furniture)¦ 8¦(apartment)¦ 9¦(school/university)¦ … Dictionary of contemporary English
social responsibility — noun A voluntarily assumed obligation toward the good of a larger social unit as opposed to the self alone … Wiktionary
Social enterprise — Social enterprises are social mission driven organizations which trade in goods or services for a social purpose. Their aim to accomplish targets that are social and environmental as well as financial is often referred to as having a triple… … Wikipedia
social service — social service, adj. organized welfare efforts carried on under professional auspices by trained personnel. [1850 55] * * * Introduction also called welfare service, or social work, any of numerous publicly or privately provided… … Universalium