- The Black and White Minstrel Show
"The Black and White Minstrel Show" was a British television series that ran from 1958 until 1978 and was a popular stage show. It was a weekly light entertainment and
variety showpresenting traditional American minstrel and Country songs, as well as show and music hallnumbers, usually performed in blackface, and with lavish costumes.
The show was first broadcast on the
BBCon June 14 1958. It began as a one-off special featuring the male Mitchell Minstrels(after George Mitchell, the Musical Director) and the female Television Toppersdancers in 1957. It was popular and soon developed into a regular 45 minute show on Saturday evenings, featuring both solo and minstrel pieces (often with extended segueing) as well as "comedy interludes". It was produced by George Innswith George Mitchell.
Audiences regularly exceeded 18 million. The Minstrels also had a theatrical show which ran for 6,477 performances from 1960–1972 and established itself in "The Guinness Book of Records" as the stage show seen by the largest number of people. At this time, the creation had gained considerable international respect and kudos. The show won a Golden Rose at
Montreuxin 1961 for best light entertainment programme and the first three albums of songs (1960–1962) all did extremely well, the first two being long-running number ones in the British album chart.
While the show started off being broadcast in (genuine)
black-and-white, the show was one of the very first to be moved to colour by the BBC in 1967.
Several famous personalities guested on the show, while others started their careers there. Comedian
Lenny Henrywas one such star, being the first black comedian to appear, in 1975. [ [http://www.bbc.co.uk/comedy/profiles/lenny_henry.shtml Lenny Henry profile] BBC Comedy pages]
The show's premise began to be seen as offensive on account of its portrayal of blacked-up characters behaving in a stereotypical manner. A petition against it was received by the BBC in 1967, [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/2223239.stm Minstrels founder Mitchell dies] BBC, 29 August 2002. Accessed 2 February 2008.] and since cancellation it has come to be seen more widely as an embarrassment, despite its popularity at the time. [ [http://www.thecustard.tv/linksandlists/100momentsfromhell.html thecustard.tv links and lists • The 100 Greatest TV Moments From Hell ] ] [ [http://www.bbc.co.uk/bbcfour/documentaries/timeshift/minstrels.shtml BBC - BBC Four Time Shift - Black and White Minstrel Show Revisited ] ]
BBC1TV show was cancelled in 1978 as part of a reduction in variety programming (although by this point the blackface element had been reduced), [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/2223239.stm BBC NEWS | Entertainment | TV and Radio | Minstrels founder Mitchell dies ] ] but the stage show continued. Having left the Victoria Palace Theatre, where the stage show played from 1962 to 1972, the show toured almost every year to various big city and seaside resort theatres around the UK, including The Futurist in Scarborough, The Festival Hall in Paigntonand The Pavilion Theatre in Bournemouth. This continued each summer until 1987, when a final tour of three Butlinsresorts ( Minehead, Bognor Regisand Barry Island) saw the last official Black and White Minstrel Show on stage.
Alternative Roots", an episode of the BBC comedy series " The Goodies", spoofed the popularity of "The Black and White Minstrel Show", suggesting that any programme could double its viewing figures by being performed in blackface, and mentioning that a series of "The Black and White Minstrel Show" had been tried without make up. [cite episode| title = Alternative Roots| episodelink = Alternative Roots| series = The Goodies| serieslink = The Goodies| airdate = 2008-11-01| seriesno = 7| number = 1] In the late 1960s, "Masquerade", a "whiteface" version of the show, had been tried, only to lose viewers.cite web|url=http://www.theofficialcharts.com/album_chart_history_1961.php|title=1961|last=Mawer|first=Sharon|date=2007|work=Album Chart History|publisher=The Official UK Charts Company|accessdate=2008-10-05]
When a revival of the "Black And White Minstrel Show" was proposed by fictional television presenter
Roger Mellie, Tom states "Television bade good riddance to that racist rubbish decades ago".Fact|date=April 2007
* [http://www.museum.tv/archives/etv/B/htmlB/blackandwhim/blackandwhim.htm "The Black and White Minstrel Show"] at museum.tv
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Minstrel show — For the album by Little Brother, see The Minstrel Show. Detail from cover of The Celebrated Negro Melodies, as Sung by the Virginia Minstrels, 1843 The minstrel show, or minstrelsy, was an American entertainment consisting of comic skits, variety … Wikipedia
minstrel show — a popular stage entertainment featuring comic dialogue, song, and dance in highly conventionalized patterns, performed by a troupe of actors, traditionally comprising two end men and a chorus in blackface and an interlocutor: developed in the U.S … Universalium
Minstrel show — Veranstaltungsplakat für Dandy Jim from Caroline, ca. 1844 Minstrel show, oder auch blackface minstrelsy, ist ein Unterhaltungsspiel, bei dem Weiße in Form von Stereotypen Schwarze darstellen. Die zentrale Figur war in der Regel ein Clown mit… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Minstrel Show — Veranstaltungsplakat für Dandy Jim from Caroline, ca. 1844 Minstrel show, oder auch blackface minstrelsy (benannt nach dem als blackface bezeichneten, schwarz geschminkten Gesicht des Clowns), ist ein Unterhaltungsspiel bei dem Weiße in Form von… … Deutsch Wikipedia
The Rocky and Bullwinkle Show — Boris Natasha redirects here. For the movie by that name, see Boris and Natasha: The Movie. This article is about the television series. For the video game, see The Adventures of Rocky and Bullwinkle and Friends (video game). For the 2000 movie,… … Wikipedia
List of The Ren and Stimpy Show characters — Over its five seasons, The Ren and Stimpy Show featured a varied cast of characters, some who appeared in as few as one episode, and some who were practically regulars. The following is an in depth guide to these characters.Ren and StimpyRen Höek … Wikipedia
black television — The converging histories of Afro Caribbean immigration and the mass expansion of television in 1950s Britain have belied their continuing divergence on a predominantly white broadcasting medium. Programmes targeted at Afro Caribbean… … Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture
The Summer Show — A British comedy sketch show from 1975 featuring winners of the ATV talent show New Faces.Designed to emulate the fast moving style of Rowan and Martin s Laugh In, it featured Marti Caine, Lenny Henry, Victoria Wood, impressionist Aiden J Harvey… … Wikipedia
Minstrel Man (1944 film) — Minstrel Man Directed by Joseph H. Lewis Edgar G. Ulmer (uncredited) Produced by Leon Fromkess (producer) Harry Revel (associate producer … Wikipedia
Show Girl — is a musical with a book by William Anthony McGuire, lyrics by Ira Gershwin and Gus Kahn, and music by George Gershwin. Its heroine, aspiring Broadway showgirl Dixie Dugan, was a character created by J. P. McEvoy and introduced in a novel first… … Wikipedia