- River Tay
Infobox River | river_name = River Tay
caption = Looking upstream (north) along the Tay from the centre of Perth
origin = Loch Tay
mouth = Firth of Tay
length = 120 miles (193
discharge = 170 m³/s
watershed = 4970 km² The Tay (Gaelic: "Tatha") is a river starting in the Highlands and flowing down into the centre of
Scotlandthrough Perth and Dundee. It is the longest river in Scotlandand the sixth-longest in the UK. It is also the largest river in the UK regarding the discharge. Its catchment is approximately two thousand square miles (the Tweed is 1,500 square miles and the Spey is 1,097 square miles).
The Tay, a famous
salmonriver, is sourced in the Highlands and flows down into the centre of Scotland through Perth and Dundee. It is the longest river in Scotland and the sixth-longest in the UK. The Tay drains much of the lower region of the Highlands, its source being high on the slopes of Ben Lui. The source is only c. 20 miles (c. 32 km) from the west-coast town of Oban, in Argyll and Bute. The waters flow through Perth and Kinross to the Firth of Tay and the North Sea, some 100 miles (160 km) to the east.The river has a variety of names in the upper catchment: for the first few miles the river is known as the River Connonish; then it is called the River Fillan, and then the name changes again to the River Dochart until it flows into Loch Tay at Killin.The River Tay emerges from Loch Tay at Kenmore, and flows from there to Perth which, in historical times, was the lowest bridging point of the river. Below Perth the river becomes tidal and enters the Firth of Tay. The largest city on the river, Dundee, lies on the north bank of the Firth.
The maximum recorded flow of 2269 m3/s was recorded on
January 17 1993, when the river rose 6.48 metres above its usual level at Perth, and caused extensive flooding in the city. Were it not for the hydro-electric schemes upstream which impounded run-off, the peak would have been considerably higher. The highest ever flood at Perth occurred in 1814, when the river rose 7 m above the usual level, partly caused by a blockage of ice under the Smeaton's Bridge. Other severe flood events occurred in 1210 and 1648 when earlier bridges over the Tay at Perth were destroyed.
In the 19th Century the
Tay Rail Bridgewas built across the Firth at Dundeeas part of the East Coast Main Line, which linked Aberdeenin the north with Edinburghand, eventually, Londonto the south. On December 28 1879the bridge collapsed as a train passed over it. The entire train fell into the Firth, with the loss of 75 passengers and traincrew. The event was 'immortalised' in a poem, The Tay Bridge Disaster, written by William McGonagall. The critical response to his article was enhanced by the fact that he had previously written two poems celebrating the strength and certain immortality of the Tay Rail Bridge. A. J. Cronin's first novel, " Hatter's Castle" (1931), includes a scene involving the Tay Bridge Disaster, and the 1942 filmed version of the book recreates the bridge's catastrophic collapse.
Several places along the Tay take their names from it, or are believed to have done so:
Dundee- "Dun Tatha", Fort on the Tay
Broughty Ferry, known locally as Brochtie - "Bruach Tatha", Bank of the Tay
Taymouth- Near the mouth of Loch Tay.
Tayside- A former Scottish Government region
References in popular culture
The Tay is mentioned in
William McGonagall's poems " The Tay Bridge Disaster" and "Railway Bridge of the Silvery Tay"
Furthermore the German poet
Theodor Fontanehas mentioned the Tay in his poem "Die Brück' am Tay".
List of rivers of Scotland
Rivers and Fisheries Trusts of Scotland(RAFTS)
Association of Rivers Trusts(ARTS) - England/Wales equivalent to RAFTS
List of waterway societies in the United Kingdom
List of navigation authorities in the United Kingdom
* [http://www.tafac.freeuk.com/perthcon/wave.htm The Development of the Historic Burgh of Perth]
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Look at other dictionaries:
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Tay Rail Bridge — Infobox Bridge bridge name=Tay Rail Bridge caption=Tay Bridge at Dundee, Scotland from the Dundee Law official name= carries=Rail traffic crosses=Firth of Tay locale=Dundee to Wormit, Scotland maint= id= design= mainspan= length=convert|3264|m… … Wikipedia
Tay Bridge — There are historic bridges over the River Tay at Perth, Dunkeld, Aberfeldy and Kenmore. The river becomes tidal at Perth, as it enters the Firth of Tay. There are two bridges over this estuary, which link the city of Dundee with Fife:*The Tay… … Wikipedia
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Tay (fleuve) — 56°22′N 3°21′W / 56.367, 3.35 … Wikipédia en Français
River Dochart — The River Dochart is in Perthshire, Scotland. Coming from Ben Lui, it flows east out of Loch Dochart and through the glen of the same name. At Killin just before it enters Loch Tay are the Falls of Dochart. The river is sometimes also considered… … Wikipedia
Tay Bridge — 1. a rail bridge over the River Tay near Dundee in Scotland. It was completed in 1878 and collapsed in 1879 when a train was crossing. It was one of Britain’s first serious rail disasters. 2. a second rail bridge over the River Tay near Dundee.… … Universalium