Trey Anastasio

Trey Anastasio

Infobox musical artist
Name = Trey Anastasio



Img_capt = Trey Anastasio performing in 2002
Img_size = 267
Landscape = Yes
Born = birth date and age|1964|9|30
Fort Worth, Texas, U.S.
Background = solo_singer
Birth_name = Ernest Joseph Anastasio III
Origin = Burlington, Vermont, U.S.
Instrument = Guitar, drums, piano, electronic keyboard, percussion
Genre = Jam, rock, jazz fusion, progressive rock
Years_active = 1982–present
Label = Elektra, Sony, Rubber Jungle
Associated_acts = Phish, Oysterhead, Dave Matthews and Friends, Phil Lesh and Friends, Surrender to the Air, Eight Foot Fluorescent Tubes, Space Antelope, SerialPod, Bivouac Jaun, Bad Hat, New York!
URL = [http://www.treyanastasio.com www.treyanastasio.com]
Notable_instruments =

Trey Anastasio (born Ernest Jos eph Anastasio III on September 30, 1964 [ [http://timesunion.com/archives/secure/docheckout.asp?action=Get+Doc+Tag&dblist=TX2006_ALBANYTU&tagnum=200612160148&papid=albanytu&suffixes=false&synonyms=false&thesfile=savesufx.fth&view=rtemplate&templatetype=legacy&query=anastasio+AND+tdate%28December%29&outputtype=DOCXSLT Timesunion.com] ] [ [http://books.google.com/books?id=58YgCzBYwU8C&printsec=frontcover&dq=phish+companion&ei=e3pzSLrNA5-KtwOi-6C4Bg&sig=ACfU3U1_xz7aTfsYpNmu-a0h-XwnDIEvlQ#PPA5,M1 "The Phish Companion" at Google Books] ] ) is an American guitarist, composer, and vocalist most noted for his work with the rock band Phish. He is credited by name as composer of 152 Phish original songs, 140 of them as a solo credit, in addition to 41 credits attributed to the band as a whole. [cite web|url=http://www.mbird.org/book|title=Mockingbird Foundation Book press release] He was ranked as number 73 on the "Rolling Stone" List of the 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time in 2003. [ [http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/5937559/the_100_greatest_guitarists_of_all_time The 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time : Rolling Stone ] ]

Biography

Anastasio, whose name derives from the Greek word for "resurrection", [ [http://italian.about.com/library/name/blname_anastasio.htm Italian Baby Names: Anastasio ] ] began playing the drums as a youth, turning to guitar while a teenager. His father was an executive with Educational Testing Service. Anastasio's mother Dina, with whom he wrote songs as a child, was an author and the editor of "Sesame Street" magazine. He attended Princeton Day School for junior high school, where he began to write music with some of his classmates. Some of these songs (for example, "Golgi Apparatus") would find their way into the Phish repertoire, and many other Anastasio compositions refer to these early experiences. For senior high school, Anastasio attended The Taft School along with The Dude of Life, who helped pen such Phish compositions as "Suzy Greenberg", "Fluffhead", "Skippy the Wondermouse", "Run Like an Antelope", "Slave to the Traffic Light", and "Dinner anda Movie". At Taft, Anastasio founded his first two bands, Red Tide and Space Antelope.

After Anastasio completed high school, he enrolled in the University of Vermont, attending from fall of 1983 to spring of 1984 as a philosophy major. It was here that he met Jon Fishman, Mike Gordon, and Jeff Holdsworth, who founded Phish in 1983. In December 1983 the group formed to play an ROTC dance. They played a setlist of cover songs, including "Proud Mary" which was performed twice. The band was very primitive at this time and used hockey sticks as mic stands. After performing one set, Michael Jackson's "Thriller" album was put on by a partygoer to drown out the band. The band wouldn't return to play but were still paid for the performance. While at the University of Vermont, Anastasio hosted an early morning radio program, "Ambient Alarm Clock".

Anastasio was eventually suspended from college for an entire semester after he broke into the science building and stole a human hand and a goat's heart.Fact|date=May 2008 He sent it to his friend as a prank with a note that said "I've got to hand it to you, you've got heart." During his suspension, Anastasio attended classes at Mercer County Community College while living at home and while there met up with old friend Tom Marshall. Also attending Mercer was Marc Daubert who would officially join Phish as percussionist from September 1984 to February 1985. After seeing a Phish show, pianist Page McConnell joined Phish in the autumn of 1985. Anastasio, along with Jon Fishman, transferred to Goddard College, which he attended from fall of 1986 to spring of 1988.

During this time Anastasio also began a lifelong association with composer Ernie Stires, who taught him techniques for composition and arranging. [ [http://www.phish.net/faq/stires.html "Vermont's Phinest Composer - Take it from Trey, he owes it all to Ernie Stires", article by Ruth Horowitz] ] While at Goddard, Anastasio assembled the song cycle "The Man Who Stepped into Yesterday" as his senior project. These songs would become mainstays of the Phish catalog. Anastasio graduated from Goddard in 1988 with a degree in creative writing.

On August 13, 1994 Anastasio married Susan Eliza Statesir. They have two daughters, Eliza and Isabella.

After the break-up of Phish in 2004, Anastasio has continued to tour periodically, both fronting his own band and also a 2006 collaboration with Phish bassist Mike Gordon and the New York City jazz and post-rock group, the Benevento/Russo Duo.

At 3:30 AM on December 15, 2006, Anastasio was stopped by a Whitehall, NY patrolman for failure to keep right. [ [http://www.jambase.com/headsup.asp?storyID=9637 Trey Anastasio Arrested Dec 15, 2006] ] He was summarily arrested for a DWI-drugs, driving with a suspended license, and possessing prescription drugs in Whitehall, NY. The prescription drugs included: hydrocodone, percocet and xanax, all of which had been prescribed to someone else. He was released under the custody of a friend and the court date for these charges was set for January 10, 2007, at Whitehall Village Court. If convicted, he could have faced up to a year in jail. [cite web|url=http://www.timesargus.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20061216/NEWS01/612160370/1002/NEWS01|title=Ex-Phish frontman Anastasio arrested in N.Y.|author=Rutland Herald|accessdate=2006-12-16] A grand jury later handed Anastasio three felony charges on February 28, 2007,to which he plead not guilty. [cite web|url=http://www.burlingtonfreepress.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20070228/NEWS01/702280307/1009|title=Anastasio pleads not guilty, hopes to avoid prison] On April 13, 2007, Anastasio pleaded guilty to a felony drug charge as part of an agreement to avoid jail time. Instead he will spend twelve to fifteen months in part of a drug court program, be subject to random drug tests and perform community service. [cite web|url=http://www.boston.com/news/local/maine/articles/2007/04/13/rocker_trey_anastasio_pleads_guilty_avoids_jail_in_drug_case/|title=Rocker Trey Anastasio pleads guilty, avoids jail in drug case]

On July 24, 2007, Anastasio released another instrumental album, "The Horseshoe Curve", via his own Rubber Jungle Records.

On August 14, Anastasio made a surprise guest appearance in Saratoga Springs, New York during Dave Matthews Band's performance at the Saratoga Performing Arts Center. He sat in and jammed with the band during "Lie in Our Graves."

On October 20, 2007, Anastasio appeared with Phil Lesh & Friends at the Glens Falls Civic Center in Glens Falls, New York. Anastasio performed the entire show, which included Grateful Dead staples such as "Bertha", "Dark Star", "Viola Lee Blues" and "Franklin's Tower", as well as performances of Anastasio songs "Shine" and "Plasma".

On January 16, 2008, Anastasio spent two days in New York state's Washington County Jail after he was found to have violated the conditions of his participation in Washington County Drug Treatment Court. A Washington County assistant district attorney says Anastasio was sent to jail because he failed to show up for a court-ordered appointment.Fact|date=May 2008

In June 2008, after completing all phases of NY state drug court, Anastasio graduated in good standing. His sentence was reduced to a misdemeanor.

On May 7, 2008, Trey and the rest of Phish accepted a ‘Lifetime Achievement prize’ at the 2008 Jammys. [ [http://www.rollingstone.com/rockdaily/index.php/2008/05/08/trey-anastasio-returns-to-the-stage-stars-collide-for-performances-at-jammys/ Trey Anastasio Returns to the Stage, Stars Collide for Performances at Jammys : Rolling Stone : Rock and Roll Daily ] ]

In late May 2008, Trey Anastasio's website announced that he would perform in his first appearance at the Newport Folk Festival on August 2, 2008.

On June 5, 2008, Trey guested on the Robert Randolph Band's set, who opened for an Eric Clapton concert

Projects

Both before and after the dissolution of Phish in August 2004, Anastasio has fronted and participated in a variety of different ensembles.

*Space Antelope played from 1982–1983, featuring Anastasio, The Dude of Life, Doug Parsons (drums, English teacher at the Boys' Latin School of Maryland), and others. The band performed originals as well as covers from Rush, The Velvet Underground, and others.

*Bivouac Jaun in 1984 was a project featuring Anastasio, Phish lyricist Tom Marshall, and one-time Phish percussionist Marc Daubert. The group recorded a four-track project during Phish's short hiatus in the summer of 1984. Much of the project would be retooled and later featured on the first Phish album,"The White Tape", in 1986.

*Bad Hat in 1994, which included fellow Vermonter Jamie Masefield on mandolin, played jazz for a few months. They billed themselves as "the quietest band around".

*Surrender to the Air in 1995 and 1996 was experimental band, playing long sections of improvisation all connected by segments conducted by Anastasio. The group released a self-titled album in March 1996. It featured several members of the late Sun Ra's big band, the Arkestra, which was (among other modes) an archetypical free jazz ensemble.

*New York! in 1997 was one performance with Anastasio, Gordon, James Harvey, and a punk band called The Pants. Several Phish songs were debuted by New York!, including "Dirt" and "Saw It Again", along with covers by Ace Frehley and others.

*Eight Foot Fluorescent Tubes in 1998 was a local band in Vermont fronted by Anastasio on April 17 of that year at the nightclub Higher Ground, co-owned by his brother-in-law. The band debuted a number of songs heard in Anastasio's live performances today, including "First Tube", "Last Tube", and "Mozambique".

*Phil Lesh and Friends (commonly referred to as "Phil Lesh and Phriends") in 1999 featured Anastasio, Grateful Dead members Phil Lesh and Donna Jean Godchaux, McConnell, guitarist Steve Kimock, and drummer John Molo performing three nights of Dead and Phish material at The Warfield in San Francisco, California. It was the first time members of both Phish and the Dead shared the stage together. On February 12, 2006, Anastasio joined Lesh again for a full show at the Beacon Theater in New York City. He did so again on October 20, 2007 in Glens Falls, New York.

*The Trio in 1999 was an evolution of Eight Foot Fluorescent Tubes. Anastasio's first solo tour was with the trio, which included himself, Russ Lawton, and Tony Markellis. The trio reuinted in late 2008 (alogn with keyboardist Ray Packowski) for a tour of the Northeast United States.

*The Vermont Youth Orchestra has performed with Anastasio on a number of occasions from the year 2000 until today. Anastasio's attraction to complex compositions was apparent on his 2004 release, "Seis De Mayo", which included some of his work with the Vermont Youth Orchestra, as well as other smaller ensembles.

*The Sextet in 2000 was an evolution of the trio with three horn players added to the band (Dave Grippo on alto sax, Jennifer Hartswick on trumpet and tuba, and Andy Moroz on trombone). Some of the music originally performed by the sextet was later seen on his 2002 release, "Trey Anastasio".

*Oysterhead in 2000 was a trio which included Primus bassist Les Claypool and The Police drummer Stewart Copeland. The supergroup released an album in 2001 named "The Grand Pecking Order". The band reunited June 16, 2006 at the Bonnaroo Music Festival.

*The Octet in 2001 was an evolved version of The Sextet, which added Ray Paczkowski on keyboards and Russell Remington on tenor sax and flute.

*The Dectet in 2002 through 2004 explored complex arrangements and changes of some songs included on "Trey Anastasio", and was an evolved version of the octet, now a ten-piece band with the addition of Peter Apfelbaum on barritone sax and percussion, and Cyro Baptista on percussion.

*Dave Matthews & Friends beginning in 2003 is a band formed to tour in support of Dave Matthews's solo debut "Some Devil". Most of the band, including Anastasio, performed on the album.

*70 Volt Parade was Anastasio's rock-based solo band featuring Ray Paczkowski on keyboards, Les Hall on guitar and synthesizers, and Skeeto Valdez on drums. The band was active throughout 2005.

*SerialPod is a trio featuring Anastasio, Gordon and Bill Kreutzmann. On December 17, 2005, the band performed at the 14th annual Warren Haynes Christmas Jam in Asheville, North Carolina. The group performed a series of Grateful Dead and Phish classics, plus covers from Nirvana, Jimi Hendrix, and others. Ivan Neville joined the group on keyboards for much of the performance.

*Trey Anastasio Band was an evolved version of Anastasio's 70 Volt Parade backing band, though concerts continued to be billed simply as "Trey Anastasio".

*A quartet consisting of the Benevento/Russo Duo, Gordon and Anastasio traded opening and closing spots with Phil Lesh and Friends during their co-headlining summer 2006 tour before touring on their own for a number of shows in July 2006.

*"Time Turns Elastic" is a 30-minute classical piece composed by Anastasio and Don Hart and performed by Anastasio and the 60-piece Orchestra Nashville at the Ryman Auditorium in Nashville, TN, on September 27, 2008.

Anastasio the guitarist

Anastasio played drums in early youth, but in his late twenties and thirties developed a facility for the acoustic guitar and, more notably, the electric guitar.

He has employed the services of his friend and audio technician Paul Languedoc (Phish's soundman from 1986–2004) throughout his career. The highly resonant hollow-body electric guitars built by Languedoc for Anastasio, his Ibanez Tube Screamers, and Ross Compressors are key to his signature tone. Trey has three custom Languedoc hollowbody electric guitars:

*"Old Reliable" is a white/light blonde colored hollowbody that debuted in 1987. The body was made from a combination of spruce and walnut. It was Anastasio's main guitar until 1990, and backup until 1996.

*The second Languedoc hollowbody is a blonde padauk. The headstock inlay featuring Anastasio's dog Marley was slightly larger than on "Old Reliable". This guitar was Anastasio's main guitar from 1990–1996, became the backup in 1997 and remains so.

*The third Languedoc guitar has a flame koa body and features a bone nut and an ebony bridge with brass saddles (two bronze-colored brass bars) inlaid into the wood [ [http://www.languedocguitars.com/guitars/ Hollow Body Electric Guitars | languedocguitars.com ] ] . According to Languedoc, this guitar has "the most brilliant sound" of the three instruments. This guitar has been used by Anastasio in virtually all live appearances since 1997. "Trey is a one guitar guy", says Languedoc.

The designs of Anastasio's Languedoc guitars, inspired in part by the Fender Starcaster, are uniquely conceived and handcrafted instruments that make use of set maple necks with 24-fret ebony fret boards, dual Seymour Duncan PAF reissue humbuckers and custom-wired electronics. The first two Languedocs also featured a single coil pickup in the middle (each was removed when it became the backup guitar). Because they are true hollow-bodies (as opposed to semi-hollow body construction), and because Anastasio typically plays with two Ibanez Tube Screamer overdrives, the guitars are prone to excessive feedback, requiring a great deal of manual dexterity and control on the guitarist's part in order to manage the signal. Anastasio has learned to tame this feedback and often used it to his advantage in the creation of psychedelic and other-worldly sounds onstage and in the studio ("The Squirming Coil", "The Divided Sky", and "You Enjoy Myself", to name a few, use this unique feedback in portionsof the song).

Anastasio's electric guitar technique is largely conventional; he does not typically make use of tapping techniques and does not usually play slide guitar (an example of when he does is in the Oysterhead section of Les Claypool's "5 Gallons of Diesel"). He normally uses a 2.0mm Adamas graphite guitar pick, but does not always do so. Melodically, he often incorporates modes, notably the dorian, mixolydian, and locrian, as well as pentatonic scales. In addition to scales, Anastasio makes abundant use of arpeggios while improvising as well as in his compositional material. He is known for his skill in improvisation. In the tradition of bebop players, he often quotes, or "teases" his own music or the music of others in his solos, sometimes subtly and other times directly.

Anastasio uses barre chords extensively, including open voicings of minor seventh, minor ninth, and minor thirteenth chords in addition to the sharp ninth chords associated with blues-based guitarists such as Jimi Hendrix. He incorporates exotic chord progressions and voicings, chord substitutions, ghost notes, and rhythmic scratching.

While he has concentrated more on funk, jazz, and rock music styles in his electric guitar technique (especially since Phish's "Remain in Light" cover on Halloween 1996), Anastasio is also well-versed in country music and bluegrass modes of playing and has credited Jerry Garcia as an influence in this realm.

Effects processors play a crucial role in Anastasio's guitar technique. He uses effects such as two Ibanez TS-9 Tube Screamers (with analogman's Silver Mod) in sequence, chorus and Univibe-like effects, a Ross compressor (he switched eventually to Analogman's Bicompressor, then dropped the compressor from his rig) , a wah wah pedal (usually a Real McCoy Custom 3 by Geoffrey Teese, a Boomerang phrase sampler, tremolo, delay, reverb, and pitch shifters, as well as a Leslie rotating speaker horn. He controls these devices singularly or in batch with a Custom Audio footpedal bank. His use of delay loops is a signature.

In the late 1990s, Anastasio moved from a custom 2X12 cab powered by either a 100w Mesa/Boogie Mark III head or, later, a Custom Audio Electronics 3-channel preamp and Groove Tubes power amp, to a pair of modified late 1960s Fender Deluxe Reverb amps, one serving as a backup. It was also around this time that the compressor pedal was dropped from his stage rig.

Anastasio currently plays an acoustic by Martin. In 2005, Martin released a Trey Anastasio signature model acoustic guitar. In his acoustic playing, Anastasio makes use of nontraditional tunings to create ethereal ambiance or to recreate folk styles, as did Jimmy Page and Nick Drake.

Anastasio's guitar rig

[ [http://www.strangedesign.org/rigs www.strangedesign.org - Trey Anastasio's Guitar Rig ] ]

Amps and speakers

* Mesa Boogies (1980s – early 1990s)
* Custom Audio Electronics 3+ SE preamp (early 1990s – 1997)
* Groove Tubes power amp (early 1990s – 1997)
* Bruno 4x12 Speaker Cabinet
* Hard Truckers "Fatty" 2x12 Hemp Cab (with KOA Trim)
* Leslie 122 rotating speaker
* Fender Deluxe Reverb, modified by Bill Carruth (1997–present)

Rack

* Furman Power Conditioner
* Korg DTR2 Tuner
* Ibanez DM2000 Delay
* Custom Audio Electronics (CAE) Super Tremolo
* Custom Audio Electronics (CAE) Black Cat Vibe
* Alesis NanoVerb (x2)
* Alesis MicroVerb I
* Custom Audio Electronics (CAE) 4x4 Switcher

Floor

* Dunlop GCB-95 Wah pedal
* Ibanez Tube Screamer (x2) (Modified by Analogman, Silver Mod)
* Digitech Whammy II
* Custom Audio Electronics (CAE) RS-10 MIDI Foot Controller
* Boomerang Phrase Sampler
* Custom On/Off Latching Switch (CAE Super Tremolo MODE)
* Expression Pedal (CAE Super Tremolo)
* TREK II UC-1A (Leslie)
* Boss FS-5L (Leslie On/Off)
* Boss FS-5U (Custom Boomerang wiring --> "once" button)
* Boss TU-2 Chromatic Tuner
* Custom Amp Selector (Fender Deluxe Reverb)

Anastasio the composer

In college, Anastasio studied composition under composer and arranger Ernie Stires. The two were introduced during Anastasio's residency at the University of Vermont. "Guelah Papyrus", featured on Phish's major label debut "A Picture of Nectar", features a Stires-influenced fugue instrumental section called "The Asse Festival" as a bridge between verses. In the early years of Phish, many of Anastasio's compositions were through-composed, intricate and detailed in conception (e.g. "The Divided Sky", "You Enjoy Myself", "The Asse Festival", "Reba", "Fluff's Travels"). Particularly in the music he has written for his touring and recording projects apart from Phish, Anastasio has used improvisation as the driving force behind simplified songwriting.

Tom Marshall, a New Jersey computer systems professional and friend of Anastasio since his Princeton childhood, has been his primary songwriting collaborator, acting as lyricist. Anastasio has often pulled lyrics for his music from large notebooks of poems and prose kept by Marshall, and the pair have also taken working retreats during which they wrote and/or recorded demos of new material. One such demo, "Trampled By Lambs and Pecked by the Dove", has been commercially released, and many of the songs included on this release were reincarnated into Phish's 1998 album "The Story of the Ghost". Anastasio also writes a number of his own lyrics, including all of the lyrics on his first release with Columbia Records, 2005's "Shine".

One of Anastasio’s signature compositional techniques is the use of episodic (or organic) form. “Fluff’s Travels” and “You Enjoy Myself” are good examples of through-composed pieces which evolve from one musical idea to the other, never returning to a previous musical statement. This technique had been used in a rock music setting by relatively few before Phish (Frank Zappa and the Grateful Dead are two such examples).

Anastasio employs modal improvisation, first made popular by Miles Davis in the late 50’s/early 60’s.

Anastasio has also demonstrated skill at composing chamber music and music for orchestra, most notably on "Seis De Mayo", his eponymously titled second album, and in his collaborations with the Vermont Youth Orchestra.

On September 27th 2008, Anastasio and Orchestra Nashville premiered a new work entitled "Time Turns Elastic", an original long-form piece that was orchestrated by composer and arranger Don Hart, and featured Anastasio on lead guitar and vocals. Anastasio previously collaborated with Hart and Orchestra Nashville in his orchestral performance of "Guyute" at Bonnaroo 2004.

The Barn

The Barn is the name given to Anastasio's rehearsal and recording facility in the countryside near Burlington, Vermont. It was reconstructed between 1996 and 1998 from an existing structure, the Alan Irish Barn. The Barn has been used by Phish and most of Anastasio's projects since 1999.

Other artists who have recorded or performed at The Barn include Herbie Hancock, Béla Fleck, John Patitucci, DJ Logic, Toots and the Maytals, Tony Levin, Umphrey's McGee, The Slip, RAQ, John Medeski, Jerry Douglas, Patti LaBelle, Nicholas Cassarino, David Gilmour, and Addison Groove Project, among others.

Beginning in 2006, The Barn was transformed from a commercial recording facility into a studio environment providing accommodations and work space for artists participating in the Seven Below residency program.

Discography

tudio albums

*"One Man's Trash" (October 27, 1998)
*"Trampled By Lambs and Pecked by the Dove" (with Tom Marshall) (November 1, 2000)
*"Trey Anastasio" (April 30, 2002)
*"Seis De Mayo" (April 6, 2004)
*"Shine" (November 1, 2005)
*"Bar 17" (October 3, 2006)
*"The Horseshoe Curve" (July 24, 2007)

Live albums

*"Plasma" (April 29, 2003)
*"Original Boardwalk Style" (June 10, 2008)

EPs

*"Live in Chicago" (November 1, 2005) (as bonus with "Shine")
*"18 Steps" (October 3, 2006) (as a bonus with "Bar 17" and as a download)
*"Live in New York City 12-31-05" (2006) (as a bonus with "Bar 17")
*"The Lucius Beebe EP" (July 24, 2007) (as a bonus with "The Horseshoe Curve").

DVDs

*"Trey Anastasio with Special Guests Carlos Santana" (2004, recorded live in San Francisco, CA on May 31, 2003)

VHS

*"Vermont Youth Orchestra with Trey Anastasio & Ernie Stires" (2001, recorded live at Flynn Theater, Burlington, VT on February 04, 2001)

TV

*"Inside Out: Trey and Dave Go to Africa" (2004, Documentary based in Senegal, Africa featuring Dave Matthews and Orchestra Baobab)

References

External links

* [http://www.treyanastasio.com Trey Anastasio] official website
*myspace|treyanastasio


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