:"This article is about the novel. For the film, see Ironweed (film). For the plant, see Vernonia"

"Ironweed" is a 1983 novel by William Kennedy. It received the 1984 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction and is part of Kennedy's Albany Cycle. It placed at number ninety-two on the Modern Library list of the 100 Best Novels written in English in the 20th Century.

"Ironweed" is set during the Great Depression and tells the story of Francis Phelan, an alcoholic vagrant originally from Albany, New York, who left his family after accidentally killing his infant son while drunk. The novel focuses on Francis's return to Albany, and the narrative is complicated by the hallucinations of the three people whom he killed in the past, other than his son, Gerald, who was dropped by accident. This postmodernist novel has the elements of magic realism, the theme of misery, and metaphors, such as that Albany is Purgatory and is frequently being described as burning. A third person limited omniscient POV invades other people's minds to show their misery. The most miserable person in the book is Helen Archer, Francis Phelan's lover who has lived a life of misery. The novel features characters that return in some of Kennedy's other books.

Kennedy wrote the screenplay for the 1987 film version directed by Hector Babenco and starring Jack Nicholson and Meryl Streep. Major portions of the film were shot on location in Albany. The film was nominated for Academy Awards for Best Actor in a Leading Role (for Nicholson) and Best Actress in a Leading Role (for Streep).

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  • Ironweed — Ironweed[1] sous titré La Force d un destin en France est un film américain d Hector Babenco sorti en 1987. Le film est un adaptation du roman Ironweed de William Kennedy récompensé du Prix Pulitzer de la fiction en 1984. Sommaire 1 Synopsis 2 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ironweed — I ron*weed , n. (Bot.) A tall weed with purplish flowers ({Vernonia Noveboracensis}). The name is also applied to other plants of the same genus. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ironweed — [ī′ərnwēd΄] n. [so named from its hard stem] any of a genus (Vernonia) of perennial plants of the composite family, with clusters of small, tubular, purple flowers …   English World dictionary

  • Ironweed — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel: Wolfsmilch Originaltitel: Ironweed Produktionsland: USA Erscheinungsjahr: 1987 Länge: 137 Minuten Originalsprache: Englisch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ironweed — /uy euhrn weed /, n. any of certain North American composite plants of the genus Vernonia, having tubular, chiefly purple or red disk flowers. [1810 20; IRON + WEED1] * * * Any of about 500 species of perennial plants constituting the genus… …   Universalium

  • Ironweed —    (la Force d un destin) Ironweed    Drame de Héctor Babenco, d après le roman de William Kennedy, avec Jack Nicholson, Meryl Streep, Carroll Baker, Michael O Keefe.   Pays: États Unis   Date de sortie: 1987   Technique: couleurs   Durée: 2 h 25 …   Dictionnaire mondial des Films

  • ironweed — noun Date: 1819 any of a genus (Vernonia) of mostly weedy composite plants usually having alternate leaves and perfect red, purple, or white tubular flowers in terminal cymose heads …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • ironweed — noun Any of certain species of the genus Vernonia of forbs and shrubs …   Wiktionary

  • Ironweed — Vernonia (E) …   EthnoBotanical Dictionary

  • ironweed — i•ron•weed [[t]ˈaɪ ərnˌwid[/t]] n. pln any North American composite plant of the genus Vernonia having tubular, chiefly purple or red disk flowers …   From formal English to slang