Sir Trevor Williams, 1st Baronet

Sir Trevor Williams, 1st Baronet

Sir Trevor Williams, 1st Baronet (c.1623 - 1692) of Llangibby ( _cy. Llangybi), Monmouthshire, was a Welsh politician, gentry landowner, military commander and rebel. He played a significant part in events during and after the English Civil War in South Wales, siding first with King Charles, then with the Parliamentarians, before rejoining the Royalists in 1648.

Family and lineage

Trevor Williams was a descendant of a marriage in 1300 between Howel Gam ap David of Penrhos Castle and Joyce, a daughter of the Herefordshire based Scudamore family. Roger Williams, Trevor's grandfather and High Sheriff of Monmouthshire, acquired Llangibby Castle in 1545 [ [http://www.archivesnetworkwales.info/cgi-bin/anw/search2?coll_id=20185&inst_id=1&term=Addams-Williams%20family%20|%20of%20Llangibby%20Castle National Library of Wales - Llangibby castle] ] and adopted the surname Williams (derived from his father's name, William) in 1562. His son, Charles, who became M.P. for Monmouthshire and was knighted in 1621, also became Sheriff of Monmouthshire in 1627. Sir Charles, Trevor's father, was a noted Puritan who presented a fine Jacobean pulpit with the text "Woe Be to Me if I Preach not the Gospel" to Caerwent church in 1632.Jeremy Knight, "Civil War and Restoration in Monmouthshire", 2005, ISBN 1-904396-41-0] He died in 1642.

English Civil War

In 1642, young Trevor Williams, as a well connected local man and strong Protestant, was appointed by the King with a Commission of Array. At the outbreak of what was to become the First English Civil War, this gave him responsibilities for raising an army within Monmouthshire for the King, and holding the county against opposition. He was also created a baronet (one of several Williams Baronets in Wales). Having set about his alloted task he was captured by Parliamentary forces in 1643 at Highnam during the Siege of Gloucester. After his release, he set about fortifying the ruined medieval stone castle at Llangibby, beside the Caerleon to Usk road, and garrisoned it with 60 men. In 1644 he helped lead operations around Monmouth. After the town was lost to the Parliamentarians he pleaded with Prince Rupert for more men and ammunition, following which he helped lead its recapture. [http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s-WILL-TRE-1623.html Trevor Williams at Welsh Biography Online] ]

As a tenant of the Earl of Pembroke, as were his family before him, he naturally took up the shared feud with the successive holders of the title Duke of Somerset. He especially came to resent the favours of the King to the Catholic Robert Carr, 1st Earl of Somerset, and the Earl of Glamorgan's plan to bring in Irish soldiers to south east Wales. He resisted the recruiting activities of Sir Jacob Astley, 1st Baron Astley of Reading for the King across South Wales in 1645, and was immediately arrested at Abergavenny. He was quickly bailed, the King recognising his power base in the area, whereupon he seized and held nearby Monmouth Castle, this time against the King. In 1646, he helped relieve the Parliamentarians besieged in Cardiff and was temporarily given the role of Commander in Monmouthshire. However, he lost this position after a few months, and also failed to secure sufficient patronage to allow him to be elected as an M.P. He then fought at the bitter and lengthy siege of Raglan Castle on the side of Parliament, the winning side.

However, by the time the Second English Civil War was developing, Williams had become alarmed at Cromwell's ascendancy, and in particular Cromwell's decision to give himself lands in Glamorgan and Monmouthshire, including Chepstow Castle, which he had coveted for himself. As a result, in 1648 he helped Sir Nicholas Kemeys, Custos Rotulorum of Monmouthshire, to seize and hold Chepstow for the King. Cromwell's response was to storm Chepstow, regaining it and arresting and seizing the lands of the rebels involved. Williams' lands were sequestered by Parliament but he appealed and his lands were returned to him.

On his release, Williams bought further lands which had belonged to others who had their lands sequestered, particularly in and around St Mellons between Cardiff and Newport. He was reconciled to the Protectorate by 1657, to the extent of temporarily abandoning his title of baronet. However, with the Restoration of 1660, he was made Colonel of the county militia, to help disarm the radicals and win their support.

Political career

In 1667, he was elected M.P. for Monmouthshire after a strongly contested election against the Marquis of Worcester's nominee, subsequently making a name for himself on anti-Catholic committees. He sat for the Monmouthshire boroughs in the Parliament of 1679, and again for the county in those of 1680 and 1681, as a member of the grouping which later became known as Whigs. In 1680 he proposed in the House of Commons that Worcester - who by now had become the Duke of Beaufort - be removed from the royal court and council, on the grounds that he was secretly a "Papist", and that Worcester's garrison at Chepstow should be disbanded.

However, by 1683 Williams was accused of fomenting trouble among the youth of Monmouthshire, and the following year Beaufort successfully sued him and his ally John Arnold for "scandalum magnatum", libel against a peer. Williams was fined £20,000 and imprisoned, ending his political career. He died in 1692.

References

*Rayment-hc
*Rayment-bt

External links

* [http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s-WILL-TRE-1623.html The National Library of Wales Dictionary of Welsh Biography on Sir Trevor Williams]
* [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=NXMNAAAAIAAJ&pg=RA1-PA5&lpg=RA1-PA5&dq=Sir+TreVOr+Williams&source=web&ots=a7KR_ZWucy&sig=AfQETH3v2m6tvhCkyZ8K2J_Cx7c&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=2&ct=result#PRA1-PA5,M1 Oliver Cromwell's Letters & Papers referring to Sir Trevor Williams revolt]

"* Charles Somerset, Marquess of Worcester was styled "Lord Herbert" until 1682."


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