- Horton overland flow
soil science, Horton overland flow describes the tendency of water to flow horizontally across land surfaces when rainfall has exceeded infiltration capacityand depression storage capacity. It is named after Robert E. Horton, the ecologist who made the first detailed studies of the phenomenon.
Paved surfaces such as
asphalt, which are designed to be flat and impermeable, rapidly achieve Horton overland flow. It is shallow, sheetlike, and fast-moving, and hence capable of extensively eroding soil and bedrock.
Horton overland flow is most commonly encountered in urban construction sites and
ruraldirt roads, where vegetation has been stripped away, exposing bare dirt. The process also poses a significant problem in areas with steep terrain, where water can build up great speed and where soil is less stable, and in farmlands, where soil is flat and loose.
* [http://watershed.ucdavis.edu/crg/indepth/roadsthree.html Detailed Road-Related Information]
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