Litoria

Litoria

Taxobox
name = "Litoria"


image_width = 240px
image_caption = White's Tree Frog ("Litoria caerulea")
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
subphylum = Vertebrata
classis = Amphibia
subclassis = Lissamphibia
ordo = Anura
subordo = Neobatrachia
familia = Hylidae
subfamilia = Pelodryadinae
genus = "Litoria"
genus_authority = Tschudi, 1838
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = Around 150, see text

"Litoria" is a genus of Hylidae tree frogs native to Australia, the Bismarck Archipelago, the Solomon Islands, New Guinea, the Lesser Sunda Islands, the Moluccan Islands, and Timor. They are sometimes collectively referred to as Australiasian treefrogs. They are distinguishable from other tree frogs by the presence of horizontal irises, no pigmentation of the eye lid and their Wallacean distribution. There are (as of mid-2008) almost 150 species, but as several new species are described every year on average, by 2010 the number of known species is likely to exceed 150.

The species within the genus "Litoria" are extremely variable in appearance, behaviour and habitat. The smallest species within the genus is the Javelin Frog ("Litoria microbelos"), reaching a maximum length of 1.6 centimetersVerify source|date=July 2008 , while the largest, the Giant Tree Frog ("Litoria infrafrenata"), reaches a size 13.5 centimeters. The appearance, behaviour and habitat of each frog is usually linked. The small, darkly coloured frogs are generally terrestrial, and will never, or infrequently, climb. The larger, green species are usually arboreal and some will only venture to the ground to breed.

Species


* "Litoria adelaidensis" – Slender Tree Frog
* "Litoria albolabris" – Wandolleck's White-lipped Tree Frog
* "Litoria amboinensis" – Horst's Tree Frog
* "Litoria andiirrmalin" – Cape Melville Tree Frog
* "Litoria angiana" – Angiana Tree Frog
* "Litoria arfakiana" – Arfakiana Tree Frog
* "Litoria aruensis'" (Horst, 1883)Verify source|date=July 2008 – Aru Tree Frog
* "Litoria auae"
* "Litoria aurea" – Green and Golden Bell Frog
* "Litoria barringtonensis" – Mountain Stream Tree Frog
* "Litoria becki" – Beck's Tree Frog
* "Litoria biakensis" (Günther, 2006)Verify source|date=July 2008
* "Litoria bibonius" (Kraus & Allison, 2004)Verify source|date=July 2008
* "Litoria bicolor" – Northern Dwarf Tree Frog
* "Litoria booroolongensis" – Booroolong Frog
* "Litoria brevipalmata" – Green Thighed Frog
* "Litoria brongersmai" – Brongersma's Tree Frog
* "Litoria bulmeri" – Bulmer's Tree Frog,
* "Litoria burrowsae" – Tasmanian Tree Frog
* "Litoria caerulea" – White's Tree Frog
* "Litoria capitula" – Samlakki Tree Frog
* "Litoria castanea" – Tablelands Bell Frog
* "Litoria cavernicola" – Cave-dwelling Frog
* "Litoria chloris" – Red-eyed Tree Frog
* "Litoria chloronota" – Arfak Mountain Tree Frog
* "Litoria chrisdahli" Richards, 2007
* "Litoria citropa" – Blue Mountains Tree Frog
* "Litoria congenita" – Yule Island Tree Frog
* "Litoria contrastens" – Barabuna Tree Frog
* "Litoria cooloolensis" – Cooloola Sedge Frog, Cooloola Tree Frog
* "Litoria coplandi" – Copland's Rock Frog
* "Litoria cyclorhynchus" – Spotted-thighed Tree Frog
* "Litoria dahlii" – Dahl's Aquatic Frog
* "Litoria darlingtoni" – Darlington's Madang Tree Frog
* "Litoria daviesae" – Davies' Tree Frog
* "Litoria dentata" – Bleating Tree Frog, Keferstein's Tree Frog
* "Litoria dorsalis" – Dwarf Rocket Frog
* "Litoria dorsivena" – Eastern Mountains Tree Frog
* "Litoria dux" (Richards & Oliver, 2006)Verify source|date=July 2008
* "Litoria electrica" – Buzzing Tree Frog
* "Litoria elkeae"
* "Litoria eucnemis" – Fringed Tree Frog
* "Litoria everetti" – Everett's Tree Frog
* "Litoria ewingii" – Brown Tree Frog
* "Litoria exophthalmia" – Big-eyed Tree Frog
* "Litoria fallax" – Eastern Dwarf Tree Frog
* "Litoria flavescens" (Kraus & Allison, 2004)Verify source|date=July 2008
* "Litoria freycineti" – Freycinet's Frog
* "Litoria genimaculata" – Green-eyed Treefrog, New Guinea Tree Frog
* "Litoria gilleni" – Centralian Tree Frog
* "Litoria gracilenta" – Dainty Green Tree Frog
* "Litoria graminea" – Northern New Guinea Tree Frog
* "Litoria havina"
* "Litoria humboldtorum" (R.Günther, 2006)Verify source|date=July 2008
* "Litoria hunti" (Richards et al., 2006)Verify source|date=July 2008
* "Litoria impura" – Southern New Guinea Tree Frog
* "Litoria inermis" – Bumpy Rocket Frog
* "Litoria infrafrenata" – Giant Tree Frog, White-lipped Tree Frog
* "Litoria iris" – Western Highland Tree Frog
* "Litoria javana" – Javan Mossy Tree Frog
* "Litoria jervisiensis" – Jervis Bay Tree Frog
* "Litoria jeudii" – Garman New Guinea Tree Frog
* "Litoria jungguy"
* "Litoria kumae"
* "Litoria latopalmata" – Broad Palmed Frog
* "Litoria lesueurii" – Lesueur's Frog
* "Litoria leucova" – West Sepik Tree Frog
* "Litoria littlejohni" – Littlejohn's Tree Frog
* "Litoria longicrus" – Wendessi Tree Frog
* "Litoria longirostris" – Long-snouted Frog, Sharp-snouted Frog, Scrub Rocket Frog
* "Litoria lorica" – Armoured Frog
* "Litoria louisiadensis" – Rossell Island Tree Frog
* "Litoria lutea" – Faro Island Tree Frog
* "Litoria macki"
* "Litoria majikthise"
* "Litoria megalops" (Richards & Iskandar, 2006)Verify source|date=July 2008
* "Litoria meiriana" – Rockhole Frog
* "Litoria microbelos" – Javelin Frog
* "Litoria micromembrana" – Nodugl Tree Frog
* "Litoria modica" – Oruge Tree Frog
* "Litoria moorei" – Motorbike Frog, Western Green Tree Frog, Western Bell Frog, Western Green and Gold Frog, Moore's Frog
* "Litoria mucro"
* "Litoria multicolor" – Multi-coloured Tree Frog
* "Litoria multiplica" – Kassam Tree Frog
* "Litoria myola" (Hoskin, 2007)Verify source|date=July 2008
* "Litoria mystax" – Moaif Tree Frog
* "Litoria nannotis" – Waterfall Frog
* "Litoria napaea" – Snow Mountains Tree Frog
* "Litoria nasuta" – Striped Rocket Frog
* "Litoria nigrofrenata" – Bridled Frog
* "Litoria nigropunctata" – Black-dotted Tree Frog
* "Litoria nudidigitus" – Southern Leaf Green Tree Frog
* "Litoria nyakalensis" – Nyakala Frog
* "Litoria obtusirostris" – Jobi Tree Frog
* "Litoria oenicolen" – Trauna River Tree Frog
* "Litoria ollauro"
* "Litoria olongburensis" – Wallum Sedge Frog, Olongburra Frog, Sharp-snouted Reed Frog
* "Litoria pallida" – Pale Frog
* "Litoria paraewingii" (Watson, Loftus-Hills & Littlejohn, 1971)Verify source|date=July 2008 – Red Cryptic Tree Frog
* "Litoria pearsoniana" – Pearson's Green Tree Frog
* "Litoria peronii" – Peron's Tree Frog, Emerald-speckled Tree Frog, Laughing Tree Frog, Maniacal Cackle Frog
* "Litoria personata" – Masked Frog
* "Litoria phyllochroa" – Leaf Green Tree Frog
* "Litoria piperata" – Peppered Tree Frog
* "Litoria pratti" – Pratt's Tree Frog
* "Litoria pronimia"
* "Litoria prora" – Efogi Tree Frog
* "Litoria purpureolata" (Oliver et al., 2007)Verify source|date=July 2008
* "Litoria pygmaea" – Geelvink Pygmy Tree Frog
* "Litoria quadrilineata" – Lined Tree Frog
* "Litoria raniformis" – Growling Grass Frog, Southern Bell Frog, Warty Swamp Frog, Green and Gold Frog
* "Litoria revelata" – Revealed Tree Frog, Whirring Tree Frog
* "Litoria rheocola" – Common Mist Frog
* "Litoria richardsi" (Dennis & Cunningham, 2006)Verify source|date=July 2008
* "Litoria rostandi" (Kraus, 2007)Verify source|date=July 2008
* "Litoria rothii" – Roth's Tree Frog
* "Litoria rubella" – Desert Tree Frog
* "Litoria rubrops"
* "Litoria sanguinolenta" – Sabang Tree Frog
* "Litoria sauroni" (Richards & Oliver, 2006)Verify source|date=July 2008
* "Litoria singadanae"
* "Litoria spartacus" (Richards & Oliver, 2006)Verify source|date=July 2008
* "Litoria spenceri" – Spotted Tree Frog
* "Litoria spinifera" – Spiny Tree Frog
* "Litoria splendida" – Magnificent Tree Frog
* "Litoria subglandulosa" – New England Tree Frog, Glandular Tree Frog
* "Litoria thesaurensis" – Treasury Island Tree Frog
* "Litoria timida" – Menemsorae Tree Frog
* "Litoria tornieri" – Tornier's Frog
* "Litoria tyleri" – Tyler's Tree Frog, Southern Laughing Tree Frog
* "Litoria umarensis" – Umar Tree Frog
* "Litoria umbonata" – Baliem River Valley Tree Frog
* "Litoria vagabunda" – Wahai Tree Frog
* "Litoria verae" – Vera's Tree Frog
* "Litoria verreauxii" – Verreaux's Tree Frog, Whistling Tree Frog
* "Litoria vocivincens" – Brown River Tree Frog
* "Litoria wapogaensis"
* "Litoria wilcoxi" – Stoney Creek Frog
* "Litoria wotjulumensis" (Copland , 1957)Verify source|date=July 2008 – Watjulum Frog
* "Litoria wisselensis" – Wissel Lakes Tree Frog
* "Litoria wollastoni" – Highland Tree Frog
* "Litoria xanthomera" – Orange-thighed Frog

References

* [http://frogs.org.au/frogs/genus/Litoria Litoria genus -- Frogs of Australia]
* [http://frogsaustralia.net.au/ Frogs Australia Network]
*Cogger, H.G. 1979. "Reptiles & Amphibians of Australia". A. H. & A. W. REED PTY LTD ISBN 0-589-50108-9
*Frost, Darrel R. 2004. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 3.0 (22 August, 2004). Electronic Database accessible at [http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.php] . American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA
* Tyler, Michael J. 1992. "Encyclopedia of Australian Animals: Frogs". Angus & Robertson. ISBN 0-207-15996-3
* [http://www.nvca.green.net.au/amphib.htm Dungirr N.P. Amphibians]


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