- Attawapiskat River
The Attawapiskat River is a
riverin Northern Ontario, Canadathat flows east from Attawapiskat Laketo James Bay, a distance of approximately km to mi|750|precision=-1 [http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1E1-Attawapi.html] . It has a drainage areaof approximately 50,500 square km [http://atlas.nrcan.gc.ca/site/english/learningresources/facts/rivers.html] . Tributaries of this river include the Otoskwin River, the Marten-Drinking Riverand the Pineimuta River, all of which run into Attawapiskat Lake. The First Nationscommunity of Neskantaga is located on the west side of the lake. Leaving Attawapiskat Lake, the river splits into the more easily navigated North Channel and the South Channel. The elevation of the river drops significantly in this area, descending from the relatively higher ground of the Canadian Shieldto the flatter and more boggy Hudson Bay Lowlands. After a series of rapids, the two channels converge; the river then continues east, makes a bend to the north, beginning at Pym Island, before flowing east once more to the Bay.
Less than km to mi|100|precision=-1 from its mouth, the Attawapiskat has carved out a several clusters of spectacular high
limestone islands, (nicknamed by canoeiststhe "Birthday Cakes"), which are unique formations in this region. It is the Omushkegowukword "chat-a-wa-pis-shkag", refering to this region, which gave the name to the rivercite book | author = Jonathan Berger and Thomas Terry | title = Canoe Atlas of the Little North | year = 2007 | publisher = Boston Mills Press| pages = pp. 109, 111, 115 | isbn = 978-1-55046-496-2} | location = Erin, Ontario] .
The community of
Attawapiskatis located a few kilometers upriver of the mouth of the river. Since June 26, 2008there is De BeersVictor diamond mineoperating on the river about km to mi|75|precision=0 from the village [http://www.republicofmining.com/2008/08/01/ontarios-first-diamond-mine-officially-opened-by-de-beers-near-attawapiskat/] .
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