Alexander Korda


Alexander Korda

Infobox Actor
bgcolour = silver


name = Alexander Korda
birthname = Sándor László Kellner
birthdate = birth date|1893|9|16|df=yes
location = Pusztatúrpásztó, Hungary (Austria-Hungary)
deathdate = death date and age|1956|1|23|1893|9|16|df=yes
deathplace = London, England
spouse = María Corda (1919-1930)
Merle Oberon (1939-1945)
Alexandra Boycun (1953-1956)

Sir Alexander Korda (September 16, 1893 - January 23, 1956) was a Hungarian-born film director and producer. He was a leading figure in the British film industry and the founder of London Films.

The elder brother of future filmmakers Zoltán Korda and Vincent Korda, Korda was born as Sándor László Kellner of Jewish heritagecite news | last =| first =| coauthors=| title =Variety Club - Jewish Chronicle colour supplement "350 years"| pages=28-29| publisher =The Jewish Chronicle| date =2006-12-15 | url =| accessdate =2006-12-24 ] in Pusztatúrpásztó in Hungary (Austria-Hungary), where he worked as a journalist (supporting the Hungarian Soviet Republic) before going into films as a producer. He also worked in Vienna, Berlin, Paris and Hollywood, becoming director of United Artists. He worked closely with many artists on his films, including his Hungarian friend, painter and set designer Emile Lahner.

The first film Korda made in the United States, in 1927, was titled "The Stolen Bride". By 1932 he made 16 more films in the U.S. The last one, "Service for Ladies", was made in 1931 and released in 1932 after Korda had already relocated to London. In 1936 he became a British national.

It was in Britain, however, that he made the biggest impression, and in 1932 he founded London Films, soon to build studios at Denham, financed by Prudential, which eventually became a part of the Rank Organisation. His films were lavish and (after the advent of colour) visually striking. They included "The Private Life of Henry VIII" (1933), nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture, and "Rembrandt" (1936), both of which starred Charles Laughton, who was also to have appeared in the ill-fated "I, Claudius" (1937).

In 1942, Korda became the first film director ever to be knighted. Among his greatest successes as producer were "The Four Feathers" (1939), "Q Planes" (1939), "The Thief of Bagdad" (1940) and "The Third Man" (1949). "The Red Shoes" was also originally meant to be a Korda film and vehicle for his future wife Merle Oberon. It became a J. Arthur Rank film and was eventually made by Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger instead, starring Moira Shearer.

Family

Korda was married three times, first to Hungarian actress María Corda in 1919. They had one son, Peter Vincent Korda, and divorced in 1930. In 1939, he married film star Merle Oberon, but the marriage ended in divorce six years later. He married, lastly, on 8 June 1953, Alexandra Boycun, who survived him.

Michael Korda, the author of a roman à clef about Merle Oberon published after her death entitled "Queenie", is Korda's nephew through his brother Victor.

Knighthood

Knighted for services to the film industry by King George VI.

Death

He died at the age of 62 in London of a heart attack and was cremated. His ashes are at Golders Green Crematorium in London.

The Alexander Korda Award for "Outstanding British Film of the Year" is given in his honor by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts.

Footnotes

External links

*imdb name|id=0466099|name=Alexander Korda
*Screenonline name|id=446996|name=Alexander Korda

Persondata
NAME= Korda, Alexander
ALTERNATIVE NAMES= Kellner, Sándor László
SHORT DESCRIPTION=Film director
DATE OF BIRTH= September 16, 1893
PLACE OF BIRTH= Pusztatúrpásztó, Austria-Hungary
DATE OF DEATH= January 23, 1956
PLACE OF DEATH= London, England


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Alexander Korda — Sir Alexander Korda (* 16. September 1893 in Pusztatúrpásztó, Ungarn; † 23. Januar 1956 in London; gebürtig Sándor László Kellner[1] oder Sándor Korda[2]) war ein ungarisch britischer Filmproduzent und Filmregisseur. Er war der Bruder des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexander Korda — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Korda. Sir Alexander Korda, plus connu en France sous le nom d Alexandre Korda, est un réalisateur et producteur hongrois naturalisé britannique, né le 16 septembre 1893 à Pusztatúrpásztó (Autriche… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alexander Korda Award, BAFTA — British Academy Film Award du meilleur film Les British Academy Film Awards du meilleur film sont décernées par la British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) lors de la cérémonie annuelle des British Academy Film Awards depuis 1948.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alexander Korda Awards — British Academy Film Award du meilleur film Les British Academy Film Awards du meilleur film sont décernées par la British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) lors de la cérémonie annuelle des British Academy Film Awards depuis 1948.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alexander Korda Awards, BAFTA — British Academy Film Award du meilleur film Les British Academy Film Awards du meilleur film sont décernées par la British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) lors de la cérémonie annuelle des British Academy Film Awards depuis 1948.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Korda, Alexander (Korda, Sandor Laszlo) — (1893 1956)    British film producer and director, of Hungarian origin. Born in Hungary, he studied at the Royal University in Budapest. He initially worked as a journalist, but later turned to film production. He founded the trade journals Pest… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Sir Alexander Korda — noun British filmmaker (born in Hungary) (1893 1956) • Syn: ↑Korda, ↑Sandor Kellner • Instance Hypernyms: ↑film maker, ↑filmmaker, ↑film producer, ↑movie maker …   Useful english dictionary

  • KORDA, SIR ALEXANDER — (1893–1956), film producer. Born Sandor Laszlo Kellner in Hungary, Korda worked for Hungarian newspapers, but in 1915 became a stagehand in a Budapest film studio and went on to writing and directing. After World War I he moved to Vienna, Rome,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Alexander Ferenczy — (* 16. Juli 1895 als Sándor Ferenczy in Budapest; † 1. März 1931 bei Berlin) war ein ungarischer Architekt, der in den 1920er Jahren vor allem bei österreichischen Filmproduktionen beschäftigt war. Er besuchte in Budapest die Hochschule für… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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