Ali Mohamed Daoud


Ali Mohamed Daoud

Ali Mohamed Daoud, also known as Jean-Marie [ [http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/type,QUERYRESPONSE,,DJI,3ae6aac550,0.html "Djibouti: Political opposition parties (This Response replaces an earlier version dated 13 January 1999.)] ", Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (UNHCR Refworld), DJI31018.FE, 1 February 1999.] [Samy Ghorbal, [http://www.jeuneafrique.com/pays/djibouti/article_jeune_afrique.asp?art_cle=LIN25066grandsnoitp0 "Grands espoirs et petites déceptions"] , Jeuneafrique.com, 25 June 2006 fr icon.] (born 28 August 1950 [http://web.archive.org/web/20051202014207/http://www.assemblee-nationale.dj/quiestqui.html Short CV at National Assembly website] fr icon.] ), is a Djiboutian politician and the President of the Front for the Restoration of Unity and Democracy (FRUD). He is currently a member of the National Assembly of Djibouti.

Daoud is a member of the Afar ethnic group. [http://www.africa.upenn.edu/eue_web/hoa0497.htm "First FRUD congress held"] , "Indian Ocean Newsletter", 16 April 1997 ("Horn of Africa Monthly Review", 21 February–28 April 1997).] FRUD, fighting on behalf of Afar interests, began a rebellion against the Issa-dominated government in 1991. Daoud led the moderate faction of FRUD in signing a peace agreement with the government in December 1994. As a result of the agreement,"Political Parties of the World" (6th edition, 2005), ed. Bogdan Szajkowski, page 180.] he joined the government (together with one other FRUD member, Secretary-General Ougouré Kiflé AhmedChristophe Farah, [http://www.africa.upenn.edu/Newsletters/menu_Hab5695.html "EX-REBELS IN DJIBOUTI'S COALITION GOVERNMENT"] , Reuters, June 9, 1995.] ["Jun 1995 - Djibouti Cabinet", "Keesing's Record of World Events", Volume 41, June, 1995 Djibouti, Page 40587.] ) as Minister of Public Health and Social Affairs on 8 June 1995. Daoud's faction of FRUD also allied with the governing People's Rally for Progress (RPP). On 15–16 April 1997, FRUD held its First Congress; Daoud, who was already FRUD President, remained in that position at the congress. Daoud was elected to the National Assembly in the December 1997 parliamentary election as the first candidate on the joint candidate list of the RPP and FRUD for Tadjourah Region. [ [http://www.presidence.dj/LES%20TEXTES/decr0175pr97.htm "Décret n°97-0175/PRE abrogeant et remplaçant le décret n°97-0170/PRE portant publication des listes de candidats et ouverture de la campagne électorale pour les élections législatives du 19 décembre 1997."] , "Journal Officiel de la République de Djibouti", 16 December 1997 fr icon.]

Daoud was moved from his post as Minister of Public Health and Social Affairs to that of Minister of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, and the Sea on 12 May 1999; [ [http://www.presidence.dj/page1229.html "Décret n°99-0059/PRE portant nomination des membres du Gouvernement et fixant leurs attributions"] , "Journal Officiel de la République de Djibouti", 12 May 1999 fr icon.] he was also assigned responsibility for hydraulic resources. After holding that post for two years, he was omitted from the government that was appointed on 4 July 2001. [ [http://www.afrique-express.com/archive/EST/djibouti/djiboutigvt/232gvt04072001.htm "Le gouvernement de Djibouti formé le 4 juillet 2001"] , "Afrique Express", N° 232, 16 July 2001 fr icon.] FRUD held its Second Ordinary Congress on 28–29 April 2002, and Daoud was re-elected as FRUD President. [ [http://www.adi.dj/archives/adi0502/adi2150D040502.htm "Le Conseil National du FRUD élit les 19 membres de son Comité Exécutif"] , ADI, 4 May 2002 fr icon.]

Daoud was re-elected in the January 2003 parliamentary election as the first candidate on the candidate list of the ruling coalition, the Union for a Presidential Majority (UMP), in Tadjourah Region. [ [http://www.presidence.dj/LES%20TEXTES/decr0261pr02.htm "Décret n°2002-0261/PR/MID Portant publication des listes des candidats en vue des élections législatives du vendredi 10 janvier 2003."] , "Journal Officiel de la République de Djibouti", December 25, 2002 fr icon.] In this election, the other, more radical wing of FRUD, led by Ahmed Dini Ahmed, participated in the election as part of the opposition; Daoud criticized Ahmed as a "perpetual loser". [ [http://www.middle-east-online.com/english/djibouti/?id=3935 "Djiboutis to vote Friday in Parliamentary polls"] , Middle East Online, 9 January 2003.]

President Ismail Omar Guelleh awarded the medal of the Commander of the Great Star of Djibouti to Daoud and Ougouré Kiflé Ahmed during independence day celebrations on 27 June 2004. [ [http://www.lanation.dj/news/2004/ln75/national10.htm "Décoration de deux importantes personnalités politiques"] , "La Nation", 28 June 2004 fr icon.] At FRUD's Third Congress, held on 30–31 May 2007, Daoud was re-elected as President of FRUD by acclamation, without opposition. [ [http://www.adi.dj/archives/adi0607/adi08D030607.htm "M. Ali Mohamed Daoud réélu président du Frud"] , ADI, 3 June 2007 fr icon.] He was again re-elected to the National Assembly in the February 2008 parliamentary election as the second candidate on the UMP's candidate list for the city of Djibouti. [ [http://www.adi.dj/fr/services.php?m=article&id=10045&a=1 "Liste des 65 candidats de l’UMP pour les législatives de février 2008"] , ADI, 22 January 2008 fr icon.]

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