- Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
Infobox musical artist
Name = Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
Img_size = 200
Landscape = yes
Background = classical_ensemble
Alias = RPO
Origin = flagicon|UK
London, England, United Kingdom
Genre = Classical
Years_active = 1946-"present"
Associated_acts = Royal Philharmonic Concert Orchestra
URL = [http://www.rpo.co.uk www.rpo.co.uk]
Current_members = Music Director
Principal Guest Conductor
Principal Associate Conductor
Owain Arwel Hughes
Past_members = Founder
Sir Thomas Beecham
The Royal Philharmonic Orchestra (RPO) is a British
orchestrabased in London. It tours widely, and is sometimes referred to as “Britain's national orchestra”.
The RPO was founded in 1946 by Sir Thomas Beecham and played its first concert in
Croydonon September 15, 1946. Beecham was principal conductor until his death in 1961. He was followed by then assistant conductor Rudolf Kempe, who was given the title of Conductor for Life in 1970. Subsequent musical directors and principal conductors have been Antal Doráti, Walter Weller, André Previn, Vladimir Ashkenazy. Yuri Temirkanovwas appointed principal conductor in 1992. Daniele Gattibecame the RPO's music director in 1996. He will step down from this post in 2009 and become Conductor Laureate. In 2009, Charles Dutoitwill become the Orchestra's artistic director and principal conductor. [cite news | url=http://www.gramophone.co.uk/newsMainTemplate.asp?storyID=2790&newssectionID=1 | title=Charles Dutoit takes over Royal Philharmonic Orchestra | publisher=Gramophone | author=Martin Cullingford | date=20 Apr 2007 | accessdate=2007-04-28]
The orchestra toured the
United Statesin 1950, thus becoming the first British orchestra to visit America since the London Symphony Orchestrain 1912.
A Review of the orchestral scene of 1950 said of the RPO:
:Leader David McCallum … Royal Philharmonic Society concerts (Beecham 4,
Celibidache, Sargent). Number of concerts: 32 (approx)…. The Philharmoniaand Royal Philharmonic share a very serious disability: that neither is a permanently constituted orchestra. Both assemble and disperse more or less at random…there is no style which is distinctively RPO or Philharmonia. [cite book | last=Hill | first=Ralph (ed) | coauthors= | title=Music 1951 | location=Harmondsworth, England | publisher=Penguin Books | year=1951 | oclc=26147349]
Later the orchestra began to develop its own character, particularly in the woodwind section, led by
Jack Brymer(clarinet), Gwydion Brooke(bassoon), Terence McDonagh (oboe), and Gerald Jackson (flute), sometimes referred to as ‘The Royal Family’. [cite paper | url=http://www.emiclassics.com/releasedetails.php?rid=23555 | author=Lyndon Jenkins | title=Bizet: Symphony in C/L'Arlésienne Suites 1 & 2 | version=724356723122 | publisher=EMI Classics | year=2000 | format=CD liner notes]
After Beecham’s death, the orchestra reorganised itself as a self-governing limited company. and soon encountered difficulties. [cite book | last=Arts Council of Great Britain | pages=p. 9 | title=Report Orchestral Resources in Great Britain | location=London | publisher=The Arts Council | year=1970 | isbn=011981062X ] The
Royal Philharmonic Societydecided not to engage the RPO for its concerts in 1963, Glyndebourneengaged the London Philharmonicinstead of the RPO from 1964 onwards and the management of the Royal Festival Hallalso severed its connections with the orchestra. Some senior players left, and Kempe resigned as chief conductor, though he returned shortly afterwards. Helped by strong support from Sir Malcolm Sargent the orchestra successfully mounted its own concerts at a cinema in the London inner suburb, Swiss Cottage. cite book | last=Reid | first=Charles | pages=pp. 429-434 | title=Malcolm Sargent a biography | location=London | publisher=Hamish Hamilton Ltd | year=1968 | isbn=0800850807]
A further threat to the orchestra's existence came in 1984, when a review carried out on behalf of the
Arts Councilby the journalist William Rees-Moggopined that England lacked 'a great eastern symphony orchestra': the suggestion was that the RPO should move to Nottingham. However, another Arts Council report of the same period recommended that the RPO should supplement the London Symphony Orchestraas resident orchestra at the Barbican Centre; neither proposal came to fruition.cite book | last=Morrison| first=Richard| pages=p. 152| title=Orchestra| location=London | publisher=Faber| year=2004| isbn=057121584x]
In 1992 the orchestra appointed
Peter Maxwell Daviesas associate conductor and composer of the RPO. The same year, UEFAcommissioned the orchestra to sing the UEFA Champions League Hymn
On April 7, 1994, the Royal Philharmonic under the direction of Sir
Gilbert Levineperformed at the Vatican in the historic "Papal Concert to Commemorate the Holocaust," with cellist Lynn Harrelland Academy Award-winning actor Richard Dreyfussas narrator.
In July 2008 it was announced that the RPO would continue its residency in Lowestoft for a fifth year. Bringing four concerts a year to England's most easterly town.
From its earliest days to the end of Beecham's life, the RPO made numerous recordings for
Columbia Records, RCA Victor, and EMIunder his baton. Among their first stereophonic recordings was the 1955 performance of the symphonic poem " Tapiola" by Sibelius, recorded by EMI. Some of the more memorable recordings included:
BeethovenRuins of Athens, Symphony No 2, Symphony No 3, Symphony No 6, Symphony No 7, Symphony No 8
BerliozHarold in Italy, King Lear Overture, Le Corsaire Overture, Les Francs-Juges Overture, Les Troyens Overture, Roman Carnival Overture, Symphonie Fantastique, Trojan March, Waverley Overture
BizetCarnaval à Rome, La Jolie Fille de Perth suite, L'Arlésienne Suites 1 & 2, Patrie Overture, Boccherini Overture in D, Borodin Polovtsian Dances
ChabrierEspaña, Joyeuse Marche
DebussyCortège & Air de danse, Prélude à l'après midi
DelibesLe Roi s'amuse
DeliusBrigg Fair, Dance Rhapsody No 2, Fennimore & Gerda Intermezzo, Florida Suite Daybreak & Dance, Irmelin Prelude, On Hearing the First Cuckoo in Spring, Sleighride, Song Before Sunrise, Summer Evening, Summer Night on the River
*Dvořák Legend in G minor, Symphony No 8
GoldmarkRustic Wedding Symphony
GounodFaust ballet music, Le sommeil de Juliette
GrétryZémire et Azore ballet music
GriegSymphonic dance in A
HandelAmaryllis, Love in Bath, Messiah, Solomon, The Faithful Shepherd, The Gods Go A'Begging
HaydnSymphonies 93–104, The Seasons
Gustav Holst The PlanetsSuite + St. Paul's Suite
MassenetLast sleep of the Virgin, Waltz from Cendrillon
*Mendelssohn Fair Melusine Overture, Symphony No 4, Italian
MozartClarinet Concerto, Mozart Die Zauberflöte Overture, Flute & Harp Concerto, German Dance K605, Haffner March K249, Haffner March K249, Minuet from Divertimento in D K131, Symphony No 41, Thamos Entr'acte, The Seraglio.
MussorgskyKhovantschina Dance of the Persian Slaves
OffenbachLes Contes des Hoffman suite
RachmaninoffRhapsody on a Theme of Paganini Op. 43 with Yuri Temirkanovas the conductor.
Rossini, La Gazza Ladra Overture, Le Cambiale di Matrimonio Overture, Semiramide Overture
Saint SaensRouet d'Omphale, Samson & Dalila Dance of the Priestesses/ Bacchanale
SchubertSymphony No 1, Symphony No 2, Symphony No 3, Symphony No 5, Symphony No 6, Symphony No 8
SibeliusValse Triste, Symphonies 6 and 7
SmetanaBartered Bride Overture & Polka
SuppeMorning Noon & Night in Vienna, Poet & Peasant Overture
TchaikovskyEugene Onegin - waltz, Symphony No 4
*Vidal Zino-Zina Gavotte
WagnerDie Meistersinger Suite, Flying Dutchman Overture, Götterdämmerung Funeral March and Rhine Journey, Lohengrin Prelude, Parsifal Karfreitagszauber, Die Meistersinger Prelude
Igor Stravinskyrecorded his opera The Rake's Progresswith the RPO. From 1964 to 1979 the RPO was engaged by Decca Recordsto record the Gilbert and Sullivan operas with the D’Oyly Carte Opera Company.
In 1986 the orchestra launched RPO Records, claimed to be 'the world's first record label to be owned by a symphony orchestra. [Notes to CD TRP024 on the RPO Record label]
As well as performing works from the classical repertoire, the RPO has recorded a number of
filmscores, including those for Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger's "The Red Shoes" and "The Tales of Hoffmann".
An extensive collection of budget-priced CDs recorded by the RPO has been released by The International Music Company AG in Germany. These CDs are mainly available on the European market.
Associated with the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra is the Royal Philharmonic Concert Orchestra, currently managed by Elli Appleby, which is devoted to playing lighter classics. It was formed in 1987, in succession to the Royal Philharmonic Pops Orchestra. [CD TRP024 op cit]
RPO players have been involved with many performances away from the classical repertory, including "
Yanni Live at the Acropolis", a concert held in Greecein 1993, conducted by Shardad Rohani; the " Hooked on Classics" series of records; orchestral arrangements of rock music by the likes of Pink Floyd, Oasis, Queen, U2, and ABBA; the song/album, " Art of Life" by Japanese rock band X Japan, composed by Yoshiki Hayashi; the official theme music of the UEFA Champions League; tracks on the British folk metalband Skyclad's 2004 album " A Semblance of Normality"; the [http://www.amazon.com/Royal-Philharmonic-Orchestra-Presents-Symphonic/dp/B000284AE2 Symphonic Rock: A Symphony of Hits 2004 album] ; and the BBCGrandstand Theme in 1982.
The Royal Philharmonic Orchestra scored a #10 hit single in the United States in 1981-82 with the song, "Hooked On Classics."
The orchestra recorded the theme for
Radio Mercury, who were also patrons of a number of concerts.
The Royal Philharmonic Orchestra will score the scores from the traditional animated film versions of "
Phantom Manor" (with John Debney), " Pirates of the Caribbean" (with Hans Zimmer), " Star Tours" (with John Williams), "" (with Graeme Revell), and " Captain EO" (with James Horner); also with Elton Johnwill perform his songs, " Candle in the Wind", "Someday Out of the Blue" from " The Road to El Dorado", and "Written in the stars" from "Elton John and Tim Rice's Aida" (with LeAnn Rimes); and also in the Live concert at Disney Cruise Linewith conductor James Levinewill perform "Enchanted Suite" from "Enchanted", the End Credits from " The Rescuers Down Under", " My Funny Friend and Me" from " The Emperor's New Groove", " Colors of the Wind" from "Pocahontas", the Theme Songs from " Darkwing Duck", " DuckTales", " Chip 'n Dale Rescue Rangers", and " Gargoyles", the End Credits from " Who Framed Roger Rabbit", "With a Few Good Friends" from " Piglet's Big Movie" (with Carly Simon), "Down to Earth" from " WALL-E" (with Peter Gabrieland The Soweto Gospel Choir), "No Way Out" (with Phil Collins) and "Transformation" (with The Bulgarian Women's Choir) from " Brother Bear", and " Remember... Dreams Come True".
Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra
UEFA Champions League Hymn
UEFA Champions League
*Royal Philharmonic Orchestra [http://www.rpo.co.uk/ official website]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Royal Philharmonic Orchestra — [ rɔɪəl fɪlɑː mɔnɪk ɔːkɪstrə], 1946 von Thomas Beecham gegründetes britisches Orchester, Sitz: London. Chefdirigent seit 1996: Daniele Gatti (* 1962). Frühere bedeutende Dirigenten des Orchesters, das mit Interpretationen spätromantischer… … Universal-Lexikon
Royal Philharmonic Orchestra — Das Royal Philharmonic Orchestra (RPO) ist ein britisches Orchester, das in London beheimatet ist (mit der Cadogan Hall als Hauptsitz). Es unternimmt ausgiebige Konzerttourneen, und wird manchmal als das „britische Nationalorchester“ bezeichnet.… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Royal Philharmonic Orchestra — Orchestre philharmonique royal L’Orchestre philharmonique royal ou Royal Philharmonic Orchestra (RPO) est un orchestre symphonique londonien parfois appelé Britain s national orchestra . Sommaire 1 Histoire 2 Chef principal / Directeur musical 3… … Wikipédia en Français
Royal Philharmonic Orchestra — Royal Phil|har|mon|ic Or|ches|tra, the also the Royal Philharmonic, the RPO a leading British ↑orchestra, based in London … Dictionary of contemporary English
Royal Philharmonic Orchestra — a leading British orchestra established in London in 1946 by Thomas Beecham. Since 1996 its musical director has been Daniele Gatti (1962– ). * * * … Universalium
(the) Royal Philharmonic Orchestra — the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra [the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra] a leading British orchestra established in London in 1946 by Thomas Beecham … Useful english dictionary
Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra — Koninklijk Concertgebouworkest Background information Also known as Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra Origin … Wikipedia
Royal Philharmonic Society — Queen s Hall, London, Zeichnung von 1893 Die Royal Philharmonic Society (RPS) ist eine britische Konzertgesellschaft für klassische Orchestermusik. Sie wurde 1813 in London unter dem Namen Philharmonic Society of London (auch Philharmonic Society … Deutsch Wikipedia
Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra — The Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra (Swedish: Kungliga Filharmonikerna or Kungliga Filharmoniska Orkestern ) was founded in 1902 as the Stockholm Concert Society ( Konsertföreningens orkester ). The orchestra became a permanent ensemble in … Wikipedia
Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra — Das Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra ist eines der ältesten Symphonieorchester der Welt. Seit 1957 trägt das Orchester den durch Königin Elisabeth II. verliehenen Titel Royal, jahrzehntelang als einziges Orchester in Großbritannien. Die… … Deutsch Wikipedia