- Austrian National Union of Students
The Austrian National Union of Students (de: "Österreichische Hochschülerinnen- und Hochschülerschaft", short ÖH) is the general students' representative body in
Austria. The ÖH is member of ESIB.
Membership in the ÖH is compulsory for every
studentin Austria, the ÖH includes PhDstudents.
The statutes of the ÖH are regulated in a federal law, the "Hochschülerinnen und Hochschülerschaftsgesetz" (HSG).
The Students Union is structured into:
* "Studienvertretung": board of representatives for each study (or group of related studies). It consist of typically 5 members. person-based direct election.
* "Universitätsvertretung": board of
universitystudents representatives. list based direct election.
* "Bundesvertretung": National Board of the ÖH. It is elected (mainly) by the university boards.
Biannually, there are general
elections. Turnout declined from about 70 % in 1965 to 28.29 % in the elections of 2007.
The HSG also includes regulations on the funding of the ÖH and its parts and the duties and rights of the students representatives.
1945: foundation of the ÖH
1946: first general election
1947: ÖH becomes a public statutorybody
1950: ÖH obtains the right to formally examine laws concerning education
1952: first demonstration against student fees
1962: one week strike
1973, 1975: strengthening of the position of the ÖH by new laws
1996, 2000, 2002, 2004: demonstrations against various steps of loss of social benefits for students and legal restrictions of students representation.
National Unions of Students in Europe(ESIB) The National Unions of Students, ÖH is a member.
EURODOCEuropean Council of doctoral candidates and junior researchers. ÖH is a member.
* [http://www.oeh.ac.at/en/about_oeh/ ÖH English Homepage]
* [http://www.doktorat.at platform for doctoral candidates] , in cooperation with the ÖH
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