Elisabeth of Denmark, Duchess of Braunshweig


Elisabeth of Denmark, Duchess of Braunshweig

Elisabeth of Denmark (25 August 1573-19 June 1626) was duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg as a wife of Duke Henry Julius of Brunswick-Lüneburg.

She was the eldest daughter of King Frederick II of Denmark and his wife Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow. Scottish ambassadors had at first concentrated their suit on Elisabeth as a prospective wife for King James I of England, but King Frederick betrothed Elisabeth to the Duke of Brunswick, promising the Scots instead that "for the second daughter Anna, if the King did like her, he should have her".

She was married in 1590 to Duke Henry Julius of Brunswick-Lüneburg and had seven children who reached adulthood:
## Frederick Ulrich (1591-1634)

## Sophia Hedwig (1592-1642), married Ernest Casimir, Prince of Nassau-Dietz

## Elizabeth (1593-1650), married Augustus, Duke of Saxony, and Johann Philipp, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg

## Hedwig (1595-1650), married Ulrich, Duke of Pomerania

## Dorothea (1596-1643), married Christian William, Margrave of Brandenburg, son of Joachim Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg

## Christian (1599-1626)

## Anna Augusta (1612-1673), married George Louis, Count of Nassau-Dillenburg

After the death of her husband, she reigned in her dowry. After three years she removed her son, Friederich Ulrich, from the government together with her brother, Christian IV of Denmark, and she remained in charge for the next six years. In 1617 she founded the Retreat for the Poor with a chapel (Elisabeth Stift).During the Thirty Years War (1618-1648) the castle was raided and was not repaired until 1654.


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