- University of Ljubljana
name=University of Ljubljana
native_name=Univerza v Ljubljani
website= [http://www.uni-lj.si/ www.uni-lj.si/]
The University of Ljubljana ( _sl. Univerza v Ljubljani; _la. Universitas Labacensis) is the first and the largest
universityin Slovenia; with 64,000 enrolled graduate and postgraduate students, it is among the largest universities in the world.
Although certain academies (notably of
philosophyand theology) were established as parts of Jesuit-led higher education as early as the 17th century, the university as such had first been founded in 1810 under the named Écoles centrales by the French Imperial administration of the Illyrian Provinces. The university was disbanded in 1813, when the Austrian Government regained control.
The quest for a national university
During the second half of the 19th century, several political claims for the establishment of a
Slovene languageuniversity in Ljubljana were made. They gained momentum in the fin de siècleera, when a considerable number of renowned Slovene academians worked throughout Central Europe, while ever more numerous Slovenian students were enrolled in foreign-language universities of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, particularly in the Austrian and Czech lands. In the 1890s, a unified board for the establishment of a Slovenian university was founded, with Ivan Hribar, Henrik Tuma, and Aleš Ušeničnikas its main leaders. In 1898, the Carniolan regional parliament established a scholarship for all those students who were planning a habilitationunder the condition that they would accept a post at Ljubljana University when founded. In this way, a list of suitable faculty started to emerge.
Nevertheless, unfavorable political circumstances prevented the establishment of the University until the fall of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. With the establishment of the
State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbsin 1918, the founding of the university became possible. On November 23, 1918, the first meeting of the Founding Board of Ljubljana University was called, presided over by Mihajlo Rostohar, professor of psychologyat the Charles Universityin Prague. Together with Danilo Majaron, Rostohar convinced the Yugoslav central government in Belgradeto pass a bill formally establishing the university. The bill was passed on July 2, 1919; in late August, the first professor were appointed and on September 18 the full professors established the University Council, thus starting the normal functioning of the institution. The first lectures started on December 3 of the same year.
In 1919, the University comprised five faculties: law, philosophy, technology, theology and medicine. The seat of the university was in the central
Congress Squareof Ljubljana in a building that had served as the State Mansion of Carniola from 1902 to 1918. The building was first designed in 1902 by Jan Vladimir Hrásky, and was later remodelled by a Czech architect from Vienna, Josip Hudetz.
In the mid 1920s, the university was renamed the "King Alexander University in Ljubljana" ("Universitas Alexandrina Labacensis") and continued to grow and develop both in size and quality despite financial troubles and constant pressure from Yugoslav governments’
centralistpolicies. In the 1930s, the university became the platform for numerous student activities, both cultural and artistic as political. In 1941, Jože Plečnik's National and University Library was completed, as one of the major infrastructure projects of the University in the interwar period. After the invasion of Yugoslaviain April 1941, the University continued to function under the Italian and Nazi German occupation, despite numerous problems and interference in its autonomous operation. Several professors were arrested or deported to concentration campsand large numbers of students joined either the Liberation Front of the Slovenian Peopleor the Slovenian Home Guard.
After the establishment of Communist Yugoslavia in 1945, the university was again put under political pressureFact|date=March 2008: numerous professors were dismissedFact|date=March 2008, some were arrested and triedFact|date=March 2008, and the Theological Faculty was excluded from the UniversityFact|date=March 2008. Some of the most brilliant students emigratedFact|date=March 2008. Nevertheless, the University managed to maintain its educational role and even regain a larger degree of autonomy from the mid 1950s onward. In the 1960s and early 1970s it again became a lively platform for various student activities. It suffered a serious setback in autonomy from the mid 1970s to the early 1980s, when some professors were again dismissed by the authoritiesFact|date=March 2008. In 1979 it was renamed "
Edvard KardeljUniversity in Ljubljana" after the Communist leader. In 1990, with the fall of Yugoslavia, it was regiven its original name.
Since the mid 1980s, the university has managed to expand and catch up with advanced Western currents in all fields. Despite increasing competition from other Slovenian universities, it remains the largest and central institution of higher education in the country. On a domestic and international level, the study courses run at the University of Ljubljana and its projects follow the latest world discoveries and trends in the field of arts, science and technology, to which the contribution of numerous Slovenian professors and researchers is of great importance.
Today, the university has 22 faculties, 1 college and 3 academies, placed throughout urban Ljubljana:
* Academy of
Academy for Theatre, Radio, Film and Television
* Academy of Fine Arts and Design
* Faculty of
* Faculty of
* Biotechnical Faculty
* Ljubljana Botanical Garden
* Faculty of
Chemistryand Chemical Technology
* Faculty of Civil Engineering and
* Faculty of Computer and Information Science
* Faculty of
* Faculty of
* Faculty of Electrical Engineering
* Faculty of
* Faculty of Maritime Studies and
* Faculty of
* Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
* Faculty of
* Faculty of Natural Science and
* Faculty of
* Faculty of Public Administration
* Faculty of Social Sciences
* Faculty of Social Work
* Faculty of
* Veterinary Faculty
* University College of Health Care
The university was initially located in the centre of
Ljubljanawhere the central university building and the majority of its faculties are located. Later on, some new, modern buildings were constructed in the suburbs of the city.
The University of Ljubljana practices basic, applied and development research, striving for excellence and quality of the highest standard in all fields of
scienceand arts, such as the humanities, social sciences, linguistics, arts, medicine, natural sciencesand technology. The University is famous for the quality of its study courses in the humanities, and in scientific and technological fields, as well as in medicine, dentistryand veterinaryscience.
Based on its own research projects as well as advances in research at home and abroad, the University provides instruction and training to prominent scientists and experts, capable of leading sustainable development, with a view to respecting the legacy of European Enlightenment and
Humanismas well as human rights. The University also promotes interdisciplinary and multi-disciplinary studies.
Achievements in the fields of science and arts are shared with other universities and institutions carrying out scientific research. It thus contributes its share to the world's treasure of knowledge and at the same time, disseminates this knowledge within the country’s borders. The University works in co-operation with various economic institutions in both the public and private sectors, with the government and local authorities as well as other civil institutions. In this way it encourages the harnessing and application of its research and educational achievements and contributes to social development.
The University of Ljubljana has a consolidating role in the academic community of professors, researchers, students and other associates, and strives to establish a fine reputation both at home and around the world. According to its statute, the research, education, public activities and relations among its members is carried out based on the following principles:
* Professional excellence or ensuring the highest possible quality;
* Academic freedom of its staff and students, particularly creative freedom;
* Autonomy in relation to the State, politics, capital or Church;
* Humanism and human rights, including equal opportunity and solidarity.
The University of Ljubljana houses the permanent seat of the
International Association for Political Science Students(IAPSS), an international academic group consisting of 10,000 political science graduate and undergraduate students worldwide.
Prominent faculty and alumni
Since its foundation in 1919, the University of Ljubljana has employed several prominent faculty. Its alumni have formed the elite in the economic, political, social and cultural spheres in Slovenia.
List of colleges and universities
Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts
Jožef Stefan Institute
* [http://www.uni-lj.si/ University of Ljubljana Website] sl icon en icon
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