Pax Britannica


Pax Britannica

"Pax Britannica" (Latin for "the British Peace", modelled after "Pax Romana") was the period of relative peace in Europe when the British Empire controlled most key naval trade routes and enjoyed unchallenged sea power. It refers to a period of British imperialism after the 1815 battle of Waterloo, which led to a period of overseas British expansionism. Britain dominated overseas markets and managed to influence and almost dominate Chinese markets after the Opium Wars.

The Empire's strength was guaranteed by dominance of a Europe lacking in strong nation states, and the presence of the Royal Navy on all of the world's oceans and seas. In 1905, the Royal Navy was superior in strength to the next two largest navies combined (known as the 'two power rule').

This led to the spread of the English language, the British Imperial system of measures, and rules for commodity markets based on English common law.

The "Pax Britannica" was weakened by the breakdown of the continental order established by the Congress of Vienna. Relations between the Great Powers of Europe were strained to breaking point by issues such as the decline of the Ottoman Empire, which lead to the Crimean War, and later the emergence of new nation states in the form of Italy and Germany after the Franco-Prussian War. Both of these two wars involved Europes largest States and armies. The industrialization of Germany, the Empire of Japan, and the United States of America further contributed to the decline of British industrial supremacy following the 1870s.

Other uses

*The phrase was used by the British author James Morris as the title of the middle volume of a trilogy about the rise and fall of the British Empire. The book surveyed the Empire at the time of Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee on June 22, 1897. The first volume of the trilogy was "Heaven's Command", the last "Farewell the Trumpets".

*"Pax Britannica" is the title of a 1949 book by the British writer and commentator F. A. Voigt, arguing that continuation of the British Empire - in a fast process of dissolution in the time of writing - was essential for the stability of the world.

*The phrase was used as the title of a 1985 Charles Roberts/Origins Award-winning [cite web| url=http://www.originsgamefair.com/awards/1985/list-of-winners| title=Charles S. Roberts Award Winners (1985)| publisher=Academy of Adventure Gaming Arts & Design| accessdate=2007-10-09] board wargame by Greg Costikyan which, while out of print, is still popular as a play-by-mail game. Play by email is also popular. The game has rules governing the acquisition of colonial territories, and declaration of war on other countries, but all wars only take place in the Third World.

*The 1990 Album of the London industrial music group Test Dept was called Pax Britannica.

*One of the series of novels from Abaddon Books is called "Pax Britannia."

ee also

*Imperial Federation

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pax Britannica —    Pax Britannica, the concept of a “British Peace” facilitated by the creation of the British Empire, was consciously modeled on the Pax Romana of the ancient Mediterranean world. The Pax Britannica was, paradoxically, upheld by almost… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Pax Britannica — (latin pour « la paix britannique », sur le modèle de Pax Romana) a été une période de paix relative en Europe lorsque l Empire britannique contrôlait les routes maritimes et possédait la suprématie des mers. En général, on considère… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pax Britannica — (по аналогии с лат. Pax Romana)  период доминирования Британской империи на море и в международных отношениях начиная с битвы при Ватерлоо 1815 года и заканчивая Первой мировой войной (1914 1918). Вершина британского могущества пришлась на… …   Википедия

  • Pax Britannica — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda La Pax Britannica es un término que hace referencia al período de dominación mundial británica comprendido entre 1850 y 1873, también llamada época del victorianismo pleno. Se caracterizó por una gran prosperidad… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pax Britannica — Die Pax Britannica war ein Prinzip der Welt und Kolonialherrschaft im 19. Jahrhundert. Die Idee war, in Anlehnung an die Pax Romana des alten Rom, die Welt oder zumindest das Britische Empire zu regieren mit Hilfe der Ideen und Konzepte des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pax Britannica — Pạx Britạnnica   [lateinisch »britischer Friede«, in Anlehnung an Pax Romana], selbstgewählte Bezeichnung britischer Politiker für ihre von demokratischem Sendungsbewusstsein getragene Weltreichspolitik. Sie sollte auf wirtschaftlichem Gebiet… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Pax Britannica — Pax Bri|tan|ni|ca the peace that is supposed to have been established by British rule in the countries of the British Empire, especially during the 19th century …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Pax Britannica — /bri tan i keuh/ a peace imposed by Great Britain upon hostile nations, esp. in the 19th century. [1895 1900; < L: British peace] * * * …   Universalium

  • Pax Britannica — noun The period of British imperialism after the 1805 Battle of Trafalgar, which led to a period of overseas British expansionism …   Wiktionary

  • Pax Britannica — /bri tan i keuh/ a peace imposed by Great Britain upon hostile nations, esp. in the 19th century. [1895 1900; < L: British peace] …   Useful english dictionary


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