Architecture of Goan Catholics


Architecture of Goan Catholics

The Architecture of Goan Catholics refers to the unique construction of Goan Catholic houses. Most of their houses standing today were built between the 18th century and the early part of the 20th century. They display a mix of neo-Classic and neo-Gothic styles.

Design influences

The following factors affected house design in Goa:

*Protecting oneself from the fierce monsoons was the basis of architectural form.
*Portuguese rule allowed Goans to travel abroad; when they returned they brought with them ideas and influences from other countries. The Goan master builders executed these ideas using local building materials, making the Goan house a mixture and adaptation of design elements and influences from all over the world.
*The architectural style of Portuguese-built churches.
*The European lifestyle was encouraged in an attempt to separate newly converted Goan Christians from their cultural roots. They adopted a European outlook but did not cut themselves off from their Indian roots completely. The resulting cultural fusion affected house design.

Exteriors

The traditional pre-Portuguese homes were inward-looking with small windows; this reflected the secluded role of women. The houses opened into courtyards, and rarely opened onto streets. The Catholic houses built or refurbished between the middle of the 18th and the 20th centuries were more outward-looking and ornamental, with "balcões" (covered porches) and verandas facing the street. The large "balcões" had built-in seating, open to the street, where men and women could sit together and ‘see and be seen’, chat with their neighbours, or just enjoy the evening breeze. These "balcões" are bordered by ornamental columns that sometimes continued along the steps and added to the stature of the house. This, together with the plinth, which usually indicated the status of the owners. The houses of rich landlords had high plinths with grand staircases leading to the front door or "balcão".

Large ornamental windows with stucco mouldings open onto verandas. These may appear purely decorative, but have their origins in similar mouldings in the windows of Portuguese houses. There these elements of style were devices to help sailors identify their homes at a distance as they sailed in. The design is therefore an import but serves a similar purpose in Goa: to help construct the identity of the home. Windows gradually became more decorative, ornate, and expressive.

Front doors were flanked by columns or pilasters.

Railings were the most intricate embellishment in a Goan house. Pillars, piers, and colours do not seem to be influenced by any style in particular; rather they conform to a rather mixed bag of architectural styles.cite web|url=http://www.goacom.com/pictures/house1.html|title=Goan houses|accessdate=2008-09-11]

Cornices

Country tiles used as a corbel are a feature peculiar to Goa. The effect achieved is aesthetically pleasing, giving the roof projection a solid, moulded appearance.

Gateposts and Compound walls

Gateways consisted of elaborately carved compound walls on either side of the gate posts.

Use of colour

Dramatic and startling colour—initially achieved with vegetable and natural dyes—plays an important role in Goan architecture. Colour was decorative and used purely to create a sensation. With a colour wash, the house looked "dressed" and therefore displayed the economic well-being of the family that lived in it. Here art in architecture performed a social function. However, this was not completely a matter of individual choice, since during Portuguese rule the owner of the house could be fined if his house was not painted.

The walls were made of mud and then later of laterite stone; they were usually plastered then painted. Very few buildings are coloured exactly alike and solid colours are used for front facades; interiors are usually in paler colours/white with solid color highlights.

This rendering or piping in white is the result of the unwritten rule during the Portuguese occupation of Goa that no private house or building could be painted in white. Only churches and chapels enjoyed this privilege. It is understandable that Goan Christians followed this rule, as white was associated with the Virgin Mary and therefore the virtues of purity and chastity (both desirable in Goa), but, surprisingly, Goan Hindus also respected this practice. As a result of this code, an interesting and aesthetically pleasing trend developed, as competition among neighbours gave impetus to variety.

Interiors

Most houses are symmetrical with the entrance door occupying the place of honour. Typically this front door leads to a foyer which then either leads to the "sala" (the main hall for entertaining a large number of guests) or the "sala de visita" (a smaller hall for entertaining a small number of guests) and in some cases the chapel in the house. From here one can also directly enter the rest of the house, which usually revolved around a courtyard. Typically the master bedroom opens into the "sala" or is close to it. The dining room is usually perpendicular to these rooms; the bedrooms flank the courtyard, and the kitchens and service areas are at the rear of the house. In the case of two-story houses, a staircase, either from the foyer or the dining room, leads to more bedrooms.

Consisting of humble burnt earth plastered over with cow dung and hay, or with elaborate patterns made with tiles imported from Europe, the floors in Goan houses have been both workplaces and statements.

Almost all Goan houses have a false ceiling of wood.

Churches

The Portugese regime, mandated the arrival of many Roman Catholic missionaries, particularly the Portuguese Jesuits, who were instrumental in building many churches in Goa. The Goan Catholic style of constructing churches thus came to be influenced by the Portuguese style. Notable are the Se Cathedral and Basilica of Bom Jesus.

Photo Gallery

Notes

References


*cite book
last=Annabel Mascarenhas
first=Heta Pandit and
title=Houses of Goa
year=1999
publisher=Architecture Autonomous, Goa
accessdate=2008-09-20
ref=

External links

* [http://goenkar.com/book/print/13?PHPSESSID=9ee36c4a3a207a8d72451dc63f5bdebc The Goan House]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mangalorean Catholics — Kodialchein Katholik Blasius D Souza • Genelia D Souza George Fernandes • Freida Pinto Regions with signi …   Wikipedia

  • Culture of Mangalorean Catholics — The Culture of Mangalorean Catholics is a blend of Goan and Mangalorean cultures. After migration to Mangalore, they adopted the local Mangalorean culture, but retained many of their Goan customs and traditions. Their traditional houses, observed …   Wikipedia

  • Mando (music) — Mando or Manddo (pronounced [] mānḍô)[needs IPA] is a musical form that evolved during the 19th and 20th century among Goan Catholics of Goa, India. It represents the meeting point of Indian and western musical traditions. The music has elements… …   Wikipedia

  • Monti Fest — A Monti Fest celebration by Mangalorean Catholics in Pune, Maharashtra Monti Fest is one of the major festivals of Goan, Mangalorean Catholic and other Konkani Catholic communities celebrated on September 8 every year. This festival celebrates… …   Wikipedia

  • Deknni — Dekhṇi (also spelled Dekni, Dekni, Dekhṇi) is a semi classical Goan (Indian) dance form. The plural of dekṇi in Konkani remains the same. One of the most famous Deknni songs is Hanv Saiba Poltodi Vetam by Carlos Eugenio Ferreira (1860 1926) first …   Wikipedia

  • Dulpod — is a Goan dance song with quick rhythm and themes from everyday Goan life. The plural of dulpod in Konkani is dulpodam. The dulpod is a folk song, anonymous, freely improvised, and sometimes lacking in thematic unity. The tunes of the dulpod are… …   Wikipedia

  • Mussoll — is a dance performed by Goan Catholic men and women of Chandor, Goa, India with songs associated to Hindu gods as well as Catholic saints like Mother Mary. Further reading Morenas, Zenaides (2002). The Mussoll dance of Chandor: the dance of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Ovi (music) — Ovi are wedding songs in Goa, India, sung during the pre marriage ceremony known as Chuddo (ceremony during which bangles are worn by the bride) and Sado ceremony during which the red dress sado is stitched by a tailor.[1] See also Deknni Mando… …   Wikipedia

  • Christianity in India — Indian Christians Total population 24,080,016 (2001)[1] 2.3% of the Indian Population Regions with significant populations Goa, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, North Eastern States, Southern India Languages …   Wikipedia

  • Goa — Infobox Indian Jurisdiction native name=Goa other name=गोंय state name=Goa type=state capital=Panaji latd = 15.493|longd=73.818 largest city=Vasco da Gama abbreviation=IN GA official languages=Konkani↑ legislature type=Unicameral legislature… …   Wikipedia


We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.