Imperial yellow jacket


Imperial yellow jacket

The imperial yellow jacket(zh-ts|t=黃馬褂|s=黃馬褂; (Pinyin, Hwan Ma Gwai or Huan ma gua) was a symbol of high honor during China's Qing Dynasty. [cite book| first = Chi-tʻung | last = Chʻên | coauthors = John Henry Gray | publisher = Rand, McNally | date = 1900 | title = The Chinese Empire, Past and Present | page = 103 | url = http://books.google.com/books?id=iVoLAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA103&lpg=PA103&dq=%22Imperial+Yellow+Jacket%22&source=web&ots=UYU9_gCzqf&sig=xi2Xo0VD_FwrU8yc_ec5ssRNjko&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=3&ct=result#PPA103,M1] As yellow was a forbidden color, representing the emperor,Fact|date=September 2008 the jacket was given only to high-ranking officials and officers among Qing's guard. [cite book | title = Imperial Wardrobe | first = Gary | last = Dickinson | coauthors = Linda Wrigglesworth | publisher = Ten Speed Press | date = 2001 | isbn = 1580081886 | page = 116 | url = http://books.google.com/books?id=cR1dJpYx7QsC&pg=PA116&dq=%22Huang+ma+gua%22&client=firefox-a&sig=ACfU3U13emeOYZoIasBGBc4YSsRtQEPLEg] If clothes color same with emperor means emperor gave and love them.Fact|date=September 2008

Four ways to win the yellow jacket

*Given by the Emperor (or Empress Dowager Cixi).
*Belong to Emperor‘s body guards team in Beijing.
*Military merit (especially concentrate after 1842, Qing stepped in war time).
*Saved Emperor

Golden Silk

When every wears people follow the emperor walked around or act together, silk yellow jacket shined by sunlight look liked very wonderful and powerful. Sounds Chinese drums, gongs, how great this empire!

People

*Giuseppe Castiglione (Jesuit)
*Fu Kang'an
*Zeng Guofan
*Zuo Zongtang
*Li Hongzhang
*Cheng Xuechi
*Zeng Guoquan
*Zhang GuoLiang in 1857
*Feng Zicai
*Chu Hongchang
*Bao Chao
*Charles George Gordon
*Someone Ejiao merchant: old Empress Dowager Cixi thanks his supply.
*Train driver:old Empress Dowager Cixi personal train driver.

Ceremony

Memory days

Even them not everyone lived in Beijing and lived everywhere, but met memory days on every year they wore and joined with governors province and gernals, mayor city happy talked and drunk together, local officials very respected these heroes.

Funerary uses

Many recipients wore their Imperial yellow jacket inner their coffins; this is equivalent to the national flag draped on the coffin today.

See Also

Jinyi Wei in Ming Dynasty

References


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