- Imperial yellow jacket
The imperial yellow jacket(zh-ts|t=黃馬褂|s=黃馬褂; (
Pinyin, Hwan Ma Gwai or Huan ma gua) was a symbol of high honor during China's Qing Dynasty. [cite book| first = Chi-tʻung | last = Chʻên | coauthors = John Henry Gray | publisher = Rand, McNally | date = 1900 | title = The Chinese Empire, Past and Present | page = 103 | url = http://books.google.com/books?id=iVoLAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA103&lpg=PA103&dq=%22Imperial+Yellow+Jacket%22&source=web&ots=UYU9_gCzqf&sig=xi2Xo0VD_FwrU8yc_ec5ssRNjko&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=3&ct=result#PPA103,M1] As yellow was a forbidden color, representing the emperor,Fact|date=September 2008 the jacket was given only to high-ranking officials and officers among Qing's guard. [cite book | title = Imperial Wardrobe | first = Gary | last = Dickinson | coauthors = Linda Wrigglesworth | publisher = Ten Speed Press | date = 2001 | isbn = 1580081886 | page = 116 | url = http://books.google.com/books?id=cR1dJpYx7QsC&pg=PA116&dq=%22Huang+ma+gua%22&client=firefox-a&sig=ACfU3U13emeOYZoIasBGBc4YSsRtQEPLEg] If clothes color same with emperor means emperor gave and love them.Fact|date=September 2008
Four ways to win the yellow jacket
*Given by the Emperor (or
Empress Dowager Cixi).
*Belong to Emperor‘s
body guards team in Beijing.
*Military merit (especially concentrate after 1842, Qing stepped in war time).
When every wears people follow the emperor walked around or act together, silk yellow jacket shined by sunlight look liked very wonderful and powerful. Sounds Chinese drums, gongs, how great this empire!
Giuseppe Castiglione (Jesuit)
Zhang GuoLiangin 1857
Charles George Gordon
Ejiaomerchant: old Empress Dowager Cixithanks his supply.
Empress Dowager Cixipersonal train driver.
Even them not everyone lived in Beijing and lived everywhere, but met memory days on every year they wore and joined with governors province and gernals, mayor city happy talked and drunk together, local officials very respected these heroes.
Many recipients wore their Imperial yellow jacket inner their coffins; this is equivalent to the national flag draped on the coffin today.
Jinyi Weiin Ming Dynasty
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