Villa Hayes


Villa Hayes

infobox city

name = Villa Hayes
official_name = Villa Hayes
department = Paraguarí



image_



map_size = 200px
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = Paraguay
subdivision_type1 = Department
subdivision_name1 = Presidente Hayes
country = Paraguay
leader_title = Intendente Municipal
leader_name = Basilio Gustavo Nuñez Gimenez
elevation_m = 55
established_title = Founded
established_date = 1786
founder = Father Juan Francisco Amancio González y Escobar
population_as_of = 2008
population_total = 57217
area_total_km2 = 20002
population_density_km2 = 2.9
postal_code_type = Postal code
postal_code = 9900
area_code = (595) (26)
web =
latd = 25 | latm = 06 | lats = 00 | latNS = S
longd = 57 | longm = 34 | longs = 00 | longEW = W

Villa Hayes is a city of Paraguay, capital of the department of Presidente Hayes until 1988, when it was moved to Pozo Colorado.

Derivation of name

Known as “the City of the Five Names”, the present name is in honour of Rutherford B. Hayes, 19th President of the United States.

Weather

The temperature in summer reaches 44 degrees and drops to 0 degrees in the winter. The average is 26 degrees Celsius.

Geography

Villa Hayes is situated on the right bank of the Paraguay River, 31 km. north of Asunción City.

Demography

According to the 2002 census, Villa Hayes had a population of 19,001, being 10,071 men and 9,930 women. Of these 2,049 lived in the city and 16,592 in the rural area.

Among its habitants, there can be found people of different ethnicities: Native Americans, descendents of European, “menonitas” and Paraguayans.

The Native American tribes living in the city are the Nivaclé, Toba Mascoy, Angaiteçé, Guaná, Maká, Chamacoco and Toba Qom.

Economy

ACEPAR "La Asociación Civil Enfermedad de Parkinson", Paraguay's principal steel manufacturer is based in Villa Hayes, however most of the habitants work in the cattle trade, and to a lesser extent in agriculture.

Tourism

Villa Hayes has a museum where uniforms, weapons, photographs and other artefacts from the time of the Chaco War are on show. There is also a display of antique coins as well as animals of the region.

In times of war the "Hospital de Sangre" (Blood Hospital) stood in what is now the city’s Main Square. The city’s church and historic buildings are important tourist attractions.

The Festival del Acero (Steel’s Festival) is celebrated annually with many artistic presentations.

There is a monument in honor of American President Rutherford Hayes and another one for Benjamín Aceval on the bank of the Paraguay River.

The Home Office and the Economics Faculty of the National University can be found only separated by one of the main streets of the city.

In the nearby countryside are hills, Galván and Confuso, as well as Patiño and the Natural Reserve Trinfunqué Park, which shelters many of the plants and animals typical of this Paraguayan region.

The Melodia Cultural Centre is based in a house built around 1870 for General Bartolomé. It is considered historically significant and is frequently visited by architecture students from all over the country. The Center includes a library, holds information classes and is an important promoter of local culture and education.

History

In its earliest origins known as “Amancio Cué”, in 1786 the city became the site of a Jesuit Mission founded by Father Juan Francisco Amancio González y Escobar with the name “Reducción Melodía” (Melody Mission) in honor of the Governor Pedro Melo.

It was re-established during the government of Carlos Antonio López and renamed “Nueva Burdeos” (New Burdeos) by 120 families of French colonists. However, it did not prosper and was founded again the next year as “Villa Occidental”. When Argentine soldiers occupied the city during the "Guerra de la Triple Alianza" (War of the Triple Alliance), they called it “Villa Argentina”.

Finally, the city was named “Villa Hayes”, in accordance with the decree signed by President Cándido Bareiro, on May 13, 1879. This was in honor of the United States President, Rutherford Hayes, who on November 13,1878, had been asked to arbitrate between Paraguay and Argentina after the War of the Triple Alliance. His award of the disputed Gran Chaco region to Paraguay made him a national hero.

Transportation

The main access to the city is via the Road IX “Carlos Antonio López” or “Transchaco Road”. The principal public transport is the bus, numbers 46 and 5.

References

*Geografía Ilustrada del Paraguay, Distribuidora Arami SRL; 2007. ISBN 99925-68-04-6
*Geografía del Paraguay, Primera Edición 1999, Editorial Hispana Paraguay SRL
* EVP - Wikipedia
* [http://www.evp.edu.py/index.php?title=Portada Enciclopedia Virtual Paraguaya - Portal]

External links

* [http://www.senatur.gov.py/ Secretaria Nacional de Turismo]
* [http://www.dgeec.gov.py// Dirección General de Encuestas, Estadísticas y Censos]
* [http://www.correoparaguayo.gov.py/codigos_regionales.htm Correo Nacional Paraguayo]
* [http://www.fallingrain.com/world/PA/16/Villa_Hayes.html Coordenadas Geográficas e Imágenes Satelitales: Villa Hayes]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Villa Hayes — Villa Hayes …   Wikipedia Español

  • Villa Hayes — (spr. wilja hajēs), s. Villa Occidental …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Villa Hayes — Original name in latin Villa Hayes Name in other language New Bordeaux, Nueva Burdeos, Remanzo, Villa Hayes, Villa Occidental State code PY Continent/City America/Asuncion longitude 25.09306 latitude 57.52361 altitude 75 Population 57217 Date… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Villa Hayes — Sp Vilja Hãjesas Ap Villa Hayes L Paragvajaus Presidente Hajeso dep. centras …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Villa Occidentāl — Villa Occidentāl, jetzt Villa Hayes, deutsche Kolonie in Paraguay (s. d., S. 419) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Villa — El término villa se puede utilizar con los siguientes significados: una villa es una población a la que históricamente se le han concedido ciertos privilegios; Una villa romana es una edificación rural característica de la Antigua Roma; una villa …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hayes Center (Nebraska) — Hayes Center Villa de los Estados Unidos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Villa Park — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Villa Park (homonymie). Villa Park UEFA …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Villa Park — For other uses, see Villa Park (disambiguation). Villa Park View of the North and Doug Ellis stands Former names Aston Lower Grounds Location Trinity Road, B …   Wikipedia

  • Hayes Mansion — Infobox nrhp | name =Hayes Mansion nrhp type = caption = location= San Jose, California lat degrees = 37 | lat minutes = 15 | lat seconds = 44.33 | lat direction = N long degrees = 121 | long minutes = 49 | long seconds = 14.76 | long direction …   Wikipedia